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Chapter 5 Vocab Immigration and Urbanization
New Immigrants l People who immigrated to the US beginning in the 1870 s. l Typically from S. and E. Europe, were typically unskilled, poor, Catholic or Jewish, and likely to settle in cities.
Ellis Island l A small island in New York Harbor that served as the processing center for immigrants arriving on the east coast after 1892.
Angel Island l Processing center for immigrants arriving to the west coast of the US after 1910.
Nativism l A preference for native-born people and a desire to limit immigration.
Chinese Exclusion Act l 1882 -This law barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens. l Renewed in 1892, and made permanent in 1902 it was not repealed until 1943.
Urbanization l Rise in the number of people living in cities at the turn of the century.
Tenements l Low cost multi-family housing designed to squeeze in as many families as possible.
Spoils System/ Patronage l Government jobs go to supporters of the winning party in an election. l Many people believe that this system prevents the government from addressing the nation’s issues and corrupts those who work fro the government.
Pendleton Civil Service Act l Creates a Civil Service Commission to make rules about how people gain Civil Service jobs. l Under the Pendleton Act, candidates competed for jobs through examinations, and appointments could only be made from the list of people who took the exams. l Once appointed, a civil service official could not be removed for political reasons.