Chapter 5 Consumer Markets and Consumer Buying Behavior

  • Slides: 23
Download presentation
Chapter 5 Consumer Markets and Consumer Buying Behavior 1

Chapter 5 Consumer Markets and Consumer Buying Behavior 1

Consumer Buying Behavior n n n Consumer Buying Behavior refers to the buying behavior

Consumer Buying Behavior n n n Consumer Buying Behavior refers to the buying behavior of final consumers individuals & households who buy goods and services for personal consumption. All these consumers make up the consumer market. The central question for marketers is: n “How do consumers respond to various marketing efforts the company might use? ” 2

Model of Buyer Behavior (Fig. 5. 1) Marketing and Other Stimuli Buyer’s Black Box

Model of Buyer Behavior (Fig. 5. 1) Marketing and Other Stimuli Buyer’s Black Box Buyer Responses Marketing Buyer Characteristics Buyer Decision Process Product Choice Brand Choice Dealer Choice Product Price Place Promotion Other Economic Technological Political Cultural Purchase Timing Purchase Amount 3

Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior (Fig. 5. 2) Cultural Social Culture Reference groups Subculture Family

Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior (Fig. 5. 2) Cultural Social Culture Reference groups Subculture Family Social class Roles and status Personal Age and life-cycle Occupation Economic situation Lifestyle Personality and self-concept Psychological Motivation Perception Learning Beliefs and attitudes Buyer 4

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Culture is the Most Basic Cause of a Person's Wants

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Culture is the Most Basic Cause of a Person's Wants and Behavior. Subculture • Group of people with shared value systems based on common life experiences. • Hispanic Consumers • African American Consumers • Asian American Consumers • Mature Consumers 5

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Culture is the Set of Values, Perceptions, Wants & Behavior

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Culture is the Set of Values, Perceptions, Wants & Behavior Learned by a Member of Society from Family. Social Class • Society’s relatively permanent & ordered divisions whose members share similar values, interests, and behaviors. • Measured by: Occupation, Income, Education, Wealth and Other Variables. 6

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Social Groups • Memb ership • Family Refere nce (most

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Social Groups • Memb ership • Family Refere nce (most import ant) • Husba nd, wife, kids Roles • Influe and ncer, Status buyer, user Social Factors 7

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Personal Influences Age and Life Cycle Stage Occupation Economic Situation

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Personal Influences Age and Life Cycle Stage Occupation Economic Situation Personality & Self-Concept Lifestyle Identification Activities Interests Opinions 8

SRI Values and Lifestyles (VALS) (Fig. 5. 3) Actualizers High Resources High Innovation Fulfilleds

SRI Values and Lifestyles (VALS) (Fig. 5. 3) Actualizers High Resources High Innovation Fulfilleds Achievers Experiencers Believers Strivers Makers Strugglers Low Resources Low Innovation 9

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Psychological Motivation Beliefs and Attitudes Psychological Factors Affecting Buyers Choices

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior: Psychological Motivation Beliefs and Attitudes Psychological Factors Affecting Buyers Choices Perception Learning 10

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Fig. 5. 4) Self Actualization (Self-development) Esteem Needs (self-esteem) Social

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Fig. 5. 4) Self Actualization (Self-development) Esteem Needs (self-esteem) Social Needs (sense of belonging, love) Safety Needs (security, protection) Physiological Needs (hunger, thirst) 11

Types of Buying Decision Behavior (Fig. 5. 5) Significant differences between brands Few differences

Types of Buying Decision Behavior (Fig. 5. 5) Significant differences between brands Few differences between brands High Involvement Low Involvement Complex Buying Behavior Variety. Seeking Behavior Dissonance. Reducing Buying Behavior Habitual Buying Behavior 12

Buyer Decision Process (Fig. 5. 6) Purchase Decision Evaluation of Alternatives Postpurchase Behavior Information

Buyer Decision Process (Fig. 5. 6) Purchase Decision Evaluation of Alternatives Postpurchase Behavior Information Search Need Recognition 13

Buyer Decision Process Step 1. Need Recognition State Where the Buyer’s Needs are Fulfilled

Buyer Decision Process Step 1. Need Recognition State Where the Buyer’s Needs are Fulfilled and the Buyer is Satisfied. Buyer Recognizes a Problem or a Needs Arising From: Internal Stimuli – Hunger External Stimuli- Friends 14

The Buyer Decision Process Step 2. Information Search Personal Sources Commercial Sources Public Sources

The Buyer Decision Process Step 2. Information Search Personal Sources Commercial Sources Public Sources Experiential Sources • Family, friends, neighbors • Most effective source of information • Advertising, salespeople • Receives most information from these sources • Mass Media • Consumer-rating groups • Handling the product • Examining the product • Using the product 15

The Buyer Decision Process Step 4. Evaluation of Alternatives Consumer May Use Careful Calculations

The Buyer Decision Process Step 4. Evaluation of Alternatives Consumer May Use Careful Calculations & Logical Thinking Consumers May Buy on Impulse and Rely on Intuition Consumers May Make Buying Decisions on Their Own. Consumers May Make Buying Decisions Only After Consulting Others. Marketers Must Study Buyers to Find Out How They Evaluate Brand Alternatives 16

The Buyer Decision Process Step 5. Purchase Decision Purchase Intention Desire to buy the

The Buyer Decision Process Step 5. Purchase Decision Purchase Intention Desire to buy the most preferred brand Attitudes of Others Unexpected Situational Factors Purchase Decision 17

The Buyer Decision Process Step 6. Postpurchase Behavior Consumer’s Expectations of Product’s Performance. Product’s

The Buyer Decision Process Step 6. Postpurchase Behavior Consumer’s Expectations of Product’s Performance. Product’s Perceived Performance. Dissatisfied Customer Cognitive Dissonance Satisfied Customer! 18

Discussion Connections n Form small groups to discuss a specific major purchase that one

Discussion Connections n Form small groups to discuss a specific major purchase that one of you has made recently. n n What type of buying decision was it? (slide #12) Discuss the Buyer Decision Process and what major factors influenced your decisions. 19

Stages in the Adoption Process Awareness: Consumer is aware of product, but lacks information.

Stages in the Adoption Process Awareness: Consumer is aware of product, but lacks information. Interest: Consumer seeks Information about new product. Evaluation: Consumer considers trying new product. Trial: Consumer tries new product on a small scale. Adoption: Consumer decides to make regular use of product. 20

Early Majority Innovators Percentage of Adopters Adopter Categories (Fig. 5. 7) Early Adopters 34%

Early Majority Innovators Percentage of Adopters Adopter Categories (Fig. 5. 7) Early Adopters 34% Late Majority 16% 13. 5% 2. 5% Early Laggards 34% Time of Adoption Late 21

Influence of Product Characteristics on Rate of Adoption Communicability Relative Advantage Can results be

Influence of Product Characteristics on Rate of Adoption Communicability Relative Advantage Can results be easily observed or described to others? Is the innovation superior to existing products? Compatibility Divisibility Can the innovation be used on a trial basis? Complexity Does the innovation fit the values and experience of the target market? Is the innovation difficult to understand or use? 22

Review of Concept Connections n n Define the consumer market and construct a simple

Review of Concept Connections n n Define the consumer market and construct a simple model of consumer buyer behavior. Name the four major factors that influence consumer buyer behavior. List and understand the stages in the buyer decision process. Describe the adoption and diffusion process for new products. 23