Chapter 24 Spirituality Copyright 2011 Delmar Cengage Learning

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Chapter 24 Spirituality Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Chapter 24 Spirituality Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality • Multidimensional – One’s relationship with self – Sense of connection with others

Spirituality • Multidimensional – One’s relationship with self – Sense of connection with others – Relationship with higher power Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Comparison of Religion and Spirituality • Religion – Subset of spirituality – Denominational –

Comparison of Religion and Spirituality • Religion – Subset of spirituality – Denominational – Behavioral rituals – Cognitive – Public • Spirituality – Universal phenomenon – Ecumenical – Spontaneous – Affective – Private Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Spiritual care – Ethical duty of nurses –

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Spiritual care – Ethical duty of nurses – Requirement of accreditation organizations – Hospital or organizational policy (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Assessment – – Observation Communication Presence Spiritual history

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Assessment – – Observation Communication Presence Spiritual history (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Diagnosis – Spiritual distress • Client’s perception that

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Diagnosis – Spiritual distress • Client’s perception that their belief system or their place in it is threatened – Readiness for enhanced spiritual well-being – Risk for spiritual distress (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Planning and outcome identification – Planning directed at

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Planning and outcome identification – Planning directed at helping clients meet spirituality needs – Balance among mind, body, and spirit – Mindfulness (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Implementation – Nurses must: • • • Use

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Implementation – Nurses must: • • • Use self-awareness Listen actively Demonstrate interest and empathy Be present Respect client’s beliefs (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Implementation – Nurses must: • Provide privacy •

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Implementation – Nurses must: • Provide privacy • Make referrals – Collaboration (continued) Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Evaluation – Acceptance of spiritual support – Decrease

Spirituality and the Nursing Process • Evaluation – Acceptance of spiritual support – Decrease in restlessness, insomnia, and crying – Decrease in statements of worthlessness and hopelessness – Verbalization of satisfaction with spiritual beliefs and comfort provided by them Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.