- Slides: 17
Chapter 21 Vocabulary – 16 words AN ERA OF PROTEST AND CHANGE
GENERATION GAP � Lack of communication between adults and youth
FEMINISM � Theory of political, social, and economic equality for men and women.
BETTY FRIEDAN � Author of “The Feminine Mystique, ” a book that helped inspire the women’s liberation movement of the 1960 s.
NOW (NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN) � Est. by Betty Friedan � Dedicated to winning true equality for all women.
ERA (EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT) � Would have guaranteed gender equality under the law. � Passed in congress, but didn’t pass because not enough states ratified it.
GLORIA STEINEM � Co-founded Ms. Magazine, a feminist magazine. � Its title was meant to protest the social custom identifying women by marital status (Mrs. v Miss)
PHYLLIS SCHLAFLY � Conservative political activist who denounced women’s liberation as “a total assault on family, marriage, and children. ” � Worked to defeat the ERA.
ROE V WADE � Supreme Court decision that assured women the right to legal abortions.
CESAR CHAVEZ � The most influential Latino activist � Fought for rights for migrant farm workers
MIGRANT WORKERS � Laborers who moved from farm to farm
UNITED FARM WORKERS (UFW) � Farm workers’ union organized by Cesar Chavez in 1962. � Implemented a workers’ strike and consumer boycott of grapes.
CHICANO MOVEMENT � Mexican American social and political movement � Dedicated to increasing Latinos’ awareness of their history and culture. � Also worked on quality of life issues such as reducing poverty and discrimination as well as providing other opportunities for Latinos.
AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT (AIM) � An activist group focused on expanding civil rights for Native Americans. � Securing of land, legal rights and selfgovernment
COUNTERCULTURE � Group that adopts values that run “counter” to the mainstream. � Challenged the values of mainstream American society � Valued youth, spontaneity, and freedom of expression. � Sometimes called “hippies “ they promoted love, peace, and freedom � Experimented with new styles of clothing and music, drugs, and free attitudes towards sex.
EARTH DAY �A response to growing environmental concerns, this was a nationwide protest calling for greater environmental protections.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) � Federal agency devoted to protecting the “entire ecological chain. ” � Cleaned up and protected the environment as well as limited and eliminating pollutants that posed a risk to public health.