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Chapter 2 Jesus Christ: True God and True Man
Uniqueness of Jesus
Hypostatic Union The union of the divine and human natures in the one divine Person (Greek: hypostatsis) of the Son of God, Jesus Christ Divine Human Uniqueness of Jesus
Heresies Docetism Arianism A first-century heresy that taught that Jesus only “seemed” to be human. Docetism comes from a Greek word meaning “to seem. ” A heresy arising after the apostolic era that denied Christ’s divinity. Arianism had grave consequences for the Church’s teaching on salvation. True God
Journal Reflection What do you appreciate about the fact that the Son of God became man and shared the human experience?
Fulfillment of Prophecies Bible Passage Old Testament Prophecy fulfilled by Messiah Gn 49: 10 He would be born of the tribe of Judah. Is 11: 1 -2 He would be of the House of David. Mi 5: 1 He would be born in Bethlehem. Is 7: 14 He would be born of a virgin. Ps 72: 10 He would be worshiped by kings from afar. Ps 41: 10 He would be betrayed. Zec 11: 12 -13 He would be sold for thirty pieces of silver. Is 50: 6 He would suffer for the sins of humankind. Is 53: 7 He would be led like a sheep to slaughter. Ps 22: 17 He would have his hands and feet pierced. True God
The Resurrection of the crucified one shows that he was truly “I AM, ” the Son of God and God himself. (CCC, 653) True God
Jesus Experienced Human Feelings Jesus was afraid Jesus Felt Pity Jesus wants us to let go of worry, another form of fear. Mt 6: 25 -34 In the garden of Gethsemane Jesus prays to God to help overcome his fear. Jn 12: 27 -28 Jesus took pity on the crowds that gathered and healed the sick. Mt 14: 13 -14 Jesus healed two blind men after being moved by pity for them. Mt 20: 29 -34 Jesus felt tired and slept Jesus Needed Companionship Upon meeting the Samaritan woman, Jesus was tired from his journey from Judea to Galilee. Jn 4: 6 Jesus also showed his humanity by sleeping and being awoken to calm the storm. Mk 8: 24, Mk 4: 38 “He appointed twelve [whom he also named apostles] that they might be with him and he might send them forth to preach. ” (Mk 3: 14) True Man
Jewish Faith and Tradition The Temple The Synagogue • Greek word for “assembly” • House of prayer where Scriptures were read and YHWH was worshiped • It was a place of discussion for settling legal disputes. • It was the local school. • It was opened three times per day. • Located in Jerusalem • High Priest entered sacred space on Yom Kippur • Temple built from 20 -19 B. C. finished in 64 A. D. and leveled in AD 70. • Two doves offered for Jesus • Jesus went to the Temple at age twelve. Feasts • Passover: celebrated the Chosen People’s liberation from slavery in Egypt • Pentecost: ”fiftieth” held fifty days after Passover. Spring harvest festival (commemorate when God gave Torah) • Tabernacles: Fall harvest celebration (recalls time Jews spent in wilderness) Cultural, Historical and Religious Context of Jesus’ Life
Apocalypse A word meaning “revelation” or “unveiling. ” It is a word often associated with the end of times or the second coming of Christ. Also, apocalyptic writing is the name of a literary genre in the Bible that uses inspired highly symbolic language to bolster faith by reassuring believers that the current age, subject to forces of evil, will end when God intervenes and establishes a divine rule of goodness and peace. Cultural, Historical, and Religious Context of Jesus’ Life
Lamb of God Emmanuel (God is with us) I AM Son of God Prophet Word (Logos) Words and Titles that Describe JESUS Son of Man Priest LORD King Messiah or Christ Cultural, Historical, and Religious Context of Jesus’ Life
Reflection: Think about which title most aptly describes Jesus for you. In a paragraph or two, explain your choice.