- Slides: 30
Chapter 11 Outlining Your Speech
Outlining Your Speech: Introduction • Outlining helps you visually represent your ideas, enabling you to see if your speech flows logically and covers your subject matter adequately. • Use your outlines to practice your speech.
Outlining Your Speech: Introduction
Outlining Your Speech: Overview • In order to understand outlines, this chapter will discuss: – Two stages of outlining – Creating your working outline • Sample working outline: Robin Mc. Gehee, “A Deadly Mistake” – Creating your speaking outline • Sample speaking outline: Robin Mc. Gehee, “A Deadly Mistake”
Two Stages of Outlining: The Working Outline • A working outline helps you plan and prepare. • It is a detailed or preparation outline that: – Contains all points written out in full sentences or detailed phrases – Illustrates hierarchy of ideas in your speech – Is used to plan and develop your speech – Is not meant to be read during speech delivery
Two Stages of Outlining: The Speaking Outline • A speaking outline is used for the extemporaneous delivery of your speech. • This brief outline includes: – Limited notes in the form of keywords or phrases – Delivery guidelines to use during the speech
Working vs. Speaking Outlines
Creating Your Working Outline • A working outline contains the following three sections: – Introduction – Body – Conclusion
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech • Consider the body the “meat” of the speech. • Use proper labeling and indentation. – Use a traditional outline form. – Include two to four subpoints under each main point.
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech • Use full sentences or detailed phrases. • This will help you to practice and prepare and will help your instructor evaluate you.
Outlining the Body of Your Speech: Use Full Sentences or Detailed Phrases
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech • Check for subordination: – Supporting materials should show subordination to their corresponding main points. – For example, you should be able to say, “This supports the point I am making because ____. ”
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech • Include full information for citations, quotations, and other evidence.
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining the Body of Your Speech • Insert transitions in the form of words, phrases, or sentences that indicate movement between: – The introduction and the body – Main points – The body and the conclusion
Outlining the Body of Your Speech: Insert Transitions
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining Your Introduction • Outline introduction after outlining the body of your speech. • Start with an attention-getter. • State your topic or thesis statement. • Establish a connection with the audience. • Establish your credibility as a speaker. • Give a preview of the main points.
Creating Your Working Outline: Outlining Your Conclusion • Outline the conclusion after outlining your introduction. • Summarize your main points. • Use a clincher to end on a strong note.
Creating Your Working Outline: Creating a Bibliography • List the sources that you cited or used in your speech. • Follow your instructor’s guidelines for an MLA, APA, or Chicago Manual style of documentation.
Creating a Bibliography
Creating Your Working Outline: Inserting the Title, Specific Purpose, and Thesis • Add these details at the top of your working outline, if assigned. • Including these can help develop main and supporting points.
Sample Working Outline • Robin Mc. Gehee, “A Deadly Mistake” • On pages 337– 43 of Speak Up there is a very detailed working outline for a persuasive speech about prescription drug errors. • The three main points of the speech are: – The serious consequences of drug errors – Causes of these errors – Immediate solutions to reduce the errors
Tips for Creating Your Working Outline • Tip: Use your outline to plan and practice your speech. • Tip: The more detailed your working outline is, the easier it will be to detect and correct flaws in your organization.
Creating Your Speaking Outline • In most public speaking situations, extemporaneous speaking gives the best results. • Extemporaneous speaking calls for only a limited number of notes, therefore, it is best for you to deliver from a speaking outline.
Creating Your Speaking Outline: Formatting Your Speaking Outline • Use index cards or note paper. • Keep it brief, using only keywords or brief phrases. • Use the same structure as the working outline.
Creating Your Speaking Outline: Elements of Your Speaking Outline • Keep all points to two or three keywords or phrases. • Use abbreviations. • Include the citation information for your evidence. • Include words that are difficult to remember or pronounce. • Include reminders for each transition, as well as delivery reminders for speaking challenges (“Slow down!” or “Look up. ”).
Creating Your Speaking Outline: Elements of Your Speaking Outline
Sample Speaking Outline • Robin Mc. Gehee, “A Deadly Mistake” • There is a sample speaking outline of this speech on pages 348– 50 of Speak Up.
Tips for Creating Your Speaking Outline • Tip: Be sure to use the working outline that you have carefully prepared and practiced with to create your speaking outline. • Tip: Many speakers find the best speaking outlines are only one or two pages that they can set down and glance at easily to determine their place.
Outlining Your Speech