Chapter 11 3 Water Pollution 108 Water Pollution

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Chapter 11 -3 Water Pollution 1/08

Chapter 11 -3 Water Pollution 1/08

Water Pollution • Introduction of chemical, physical or biological agents that adversely affect the

Water Pollution • Introduction of chemical, physical or biological agents that adversely affect the organisms that depend upon that water

Point-source versus Nonpoint-source pollution • Point-source can be traced to a source • Nonpoint

Point-source versus Nonpoint-source pollution • Point-source can be traced to a source • Nonpoint –source comes from many different sources that are often hard to identify

Pathogens • Parasites, bacteria and viruses that cause illness in living things • Many

Pathogens • Parasites, bacteria and viruses that cause illness in living things • Many spend part of their life cycle in water • Pathogens carried by water cause more human deaths than any other environmental problem

Cholera • Acute diarrhea • Caused by bacteria • Infected food water, shellfish •

Cholera • Acute diarrhea • Caused by bacteria • Infected food water, shellfish • Heat kills cholera bacteria

Dysentery • Several bacteria and protozoa responsible • Vomiting, severe diarrhea • Cause water

Dysentery • Several bacteria and protozoa responsible • Vomiting, severe diarrhea • Cause water contamination • Heat kills most of these

Typhoid Fever • Salmonella Thyphi • Only people carry the bacteria • Shed in

Typhoid Fever • Salmonella Thyphi • Only people carry the bacteria • Shed in feces • Vaccination available • Boil it , cook it, peel it or forget it

Schistosomiasis • Caused by microscopic worms • Enters through the skin of people who

Schistosomiasis • Caused by microscopic worms • Enters through the skin of people who walk in infected water • Attacks liver, urinary bladder, and intestines

Schistosomiasis • Africa, Middle East, Egypt • 100 million people affected • 1 million

Schistosomiasis • Africa, Middle East, Egypt • 100 million people affected • 1 million deaths annually • Aswan Dam

WAPI 158 degrees F

WAPI 158 degrees F

Malaria • Protozoan • Transmitted by mosquito • The mosquitoes breed in standing water

Malaria • Protozoan • Transmitted by mosquito • The mosquitoes breed in standing water • 800 million affected • 1 million deaths annually

Organic Matter • Animal and plant remains, feces etc.

Organic Matter • Animal and plant remains, feces etc.

Organic Chemicals • Pesticides, fertilizer, gasoline, oil etc. .

Organic Chemicals • Pesticides, fertilizer, gasoline, oil etc. .

 • Runoff from farmlands • Organic pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers

• Runoff from farmlands • Organic pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers

Inorganic chemicals • Acids, bases, salts, etc. .

Inorganic chemicals • Acids, bases, salts, etc. .

Heavy Metals • Dangerous heavy metals include: Mercury, lead, cadmium, nickel, chromium and Slipknot.

Heavy Metals • Dangerous heavy metals include: Mercury, lead, cadmium, nickel, chromium and Slipknot.

Physical Agents • Heat and suspended solids

Physical Agents • Heat and suspended solids

Wastewater • Contains waste from homes or industry

Wastewater • Contains waste from homes or industry

Treatment • Primary – filtration and settling. Gets the big stuff out

Treatment • Primary – filtration and settling. Gets the big stuff out

Secondary • Aeration • Second settling tank • Chlorination to kill pathogens

Secondary • Aeration • Second settling tank • Chlorination to kill pathogens

Artificial eutrophication • Caused by fertilizer run-off or other organic wastes

Artificial eutrophication • Caused by fertilizer run-off or other organic wastes

Thermal Pollution • Heat can be a type of water pollution • Power Plants

Thermal Pollution • Heat can be a type of water pollution • Power Plants • Reservoirs

Groundwater Pollution • Any polluted surface water can become polluted groundwater • Very hard

Groundwater Pollution • Any polluted surface water can become polluted groundwater • Very hard to clean up

Ocean Pollution • Oil spills – Exxon Valdez 1989 • Plastics

Ocean Pollution • Oil spills – Exxon Valdez 1989 • Plastics

Cleaning up water pollution • Clean Water Act of 1972 • Safe Drinking water

Cleaning up water pollution • Clean Water Act of 1972 • Safe Drinking water act of 1996