# Chapter 1 Gross Pay 1 1 Hourly Pay

• Slides: 39

Chapter 1 Gross Pay

1 -1 Hourly Pay Employees – People who work for others Employer – The person or company and employee works for. Hourly Rate - a certain amount of money a person is paid per hour they work. EX: A worker at Mc. Donald’s makes \$7. 35 and hour for every hour they work.

To figure hourly pay Gross Pay – the total amount of money that an employee is paid…this is also called total earnings. Multiply # of hours worked by \$ pay per hour l Joe earns \$8. 90 per hour and works 26 hours this week, his gross pay is 8. 90 x 26 = \$231. 40 l Sue earns \$14. 60 per hour and works 22 ½ hours this week, her gross pay is l \$14. 60 x 22. 5 = \$328. 50

Recording Hours Worked… l Many companies pay people based on a quarter or a tenth of an hour… – – For example…if a company pays based on the quarter or every 15 minutes, you might be docked a quarter hour of pay if you are 3 -4 minutes late. For example…if a company pays based on the tenth, you will be docked 1/10 if you are 3 -4 minutes late…. you are docked based on 6 minute increments.

What is meant by Overtime? (Getting extra pay for extra work) l There are two methods to calculate overtime: 1. 2. l l Any hours worked more than 40 hours a week. Any hours over a stated amount of hours per day. Most people are paid time and ½ for every overtime hour worked. To calculate overtime pay: – – Pay per hour x 1. 5 x number of overtime hours. Then add overtime pay to regular pay.

To calculate gross pay with overtime hours: If the employee works more than 40 hours: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Take 40 x \$rate per hour to find regular pay. Calculate OT hours = Take number of hours worked – 40 Calculate OT rate = \$rate per hour x 1. 5 Multiply the OT rate x OT hours = OT pay Add OT pay to regular pay = gross pay

Try these… l Tom worked 45 hours and earns \$10. 00 an hour. How much is his gross pay for the week? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 40 x \$10. 00 = \$400 …this is his regular pay 45 – 40 = 5 OT hours \$10. 00 x 1. 5 = \$15. 00 which is his OT rate \$15. 00 x 5 = \$75. 00…this is his OT pay His gross pay is \$400 + \$75. 00 = \$475. 00

\$ 624. 00 \$ 1, 160. 00 Try these… l l l \$ 579. 00 Sue worked 48 hours and earns \$12. 00 an hour. How much is her gross pay for the week? Joel worked 52 hours and earns \$20. 00 an hour. How much is his gross pay for the week? Lori worked 45 ½ hours and earns \$12. 00 an hour. How much is her gross pay for the week?

Overtime is calculated based on hours worked in 2 ways… 1. 2. Hours worked over 40 hours a week. Hours worked over a stated amount (usually 8) a day. a) This is paid EVEN if the total hours worked in a week is less than 40…it is based on a daily number of hours worked.

Example on #2 option Karen gets paid \$12. 40 and hour plus time and ½ for any hours worked more than 8 a day. Last week she worked the following: M – 6, T – 12, W – 8, TH – 8, F – 10 What was her gross pay? Reg Hours = 38 Reg Pay = 38 x \$12. 40 = \$471. 20 OT Hours = 6 OT Pay =6 x 1. 5 x \$12. 40 = \$111. 60 Gross Pay = \$471. 20 + \$111. 60 = \$582. 80 1.

1 -2 Salaried Employees l l l Salaried employees are paid a fixed amount of money for each time period…. their paycheck doesn’t change. Ex: Tom is paid \$400 per week, how much does Tom make in a month? \$400 * 4 = \$1, 600

1 -2 Salary – When people get paid a stated amount per year and this is paid in equal amounts per paycheck. Negatives: l Doesn’t matter how many hours you work per week Positives: l Security of getting a good paycheck.

1 -3 Commission – there are 3 types Commission – is a fee or percentage of interest paid for sales made. A commission may be an amount for each item sold, or it may be a percent of the dollar value of sales. This is usually paid to salespeople as an incentive to sell more.

1. Straight Commission Straight commission – when sales people are ONLY paid commission…. they don’t get paid a salary or wage per hour worked. They can also be paid per item sold. To Calculate = %Rate of commission x quantity sold = \$commission pay

Straight Commission Examples… EX. Earl Brown sells greeting cards and is paid a straight commission of \$0. 75 on each box of cards he sells. During March, he sold 145 boxes. Find his commission. \$0. 75 x 145 = \$108. 75

Straight Commission Examples…(con’t) EX. Terri Smith is paid a straight commission of 5% on her sales. During September, her sales were \$32, 000. What was her commission? 5% (OR. 05) x \$32, 000 = \$1, 600. 00 Get your white boards, a marker and do #A – C on page 15. . then show answers to Mrs. P.

2. Commission based on a quota Commission based on quota – The amount of sales a salesperson must sell before they make any money for commission. (Salespersons may also be paid a salary in addition to commission. ) Ex: Clark is a salesperson that works on straight commission, however, before he makes any money, he must reach a quota of \$3, 000. 00 in sales. Last month he sold \$5, 900. 00 worth of goods and gets paid a commission rate of 5%. What was his gross income? \$5, 900. 00 - \$3, 000. 00 = \$2, 900. 00 x. 05 = \$ 145

Commission (con’t) Brain Teaser… Clark is a salesperson that works on straight commission, however, before he makes any money, he must reach a quota of \$3, 000. 00 in sales. Last month he sold \$2, 900. 00 worth of goods and gets paid a commission rate of 5%. What was his gross income?

Salary plus commission…. Ex: Sue is a salesperson that works on salary plus 8% commission, however, she has a quota to reach of \$4, 000. 00 before she makes any commission money. Last month she sold \$10, 000. 00 in sales and she earns a salary of \$500 a month. What was her gross pay? \$10, 000. 00 - \$4, 000. 00 = \$6, 000. 00 x. 08 = \$480 (commission) \$480 + \$500 (salary) = \$980. 00 Using your white boards, # E & F on page 16 show answers to Mrs. P. . 00

3. Graduated Commission - when salespersons rate of commission increases as their sales increase. Ex: The rate may be 3% on the first \$12, 000 of sales, 4% on the next \$6, 000 and sales over \$18, 000…graduated commission can also be on the number of units sold. Look at Example # 4 on page 16. .

Graduated Commission (con’t) Bob works on a graduated commission listed below; he sold \$7, 450. 00 worth of goods this month, what was his gross income? l 3% on first \$3, 000 l 5% on second \$2, 000 l 7% on anything over \$5, 000

1. Straight Commission Exercises… Tom sells Elite Coupon books for \$20, for every book he sells he makes \$5 profit. How much money does he make if he sells 30 books? 30 * 5 = \$150 Tom sells Elite Coupon books for \$20, he makes 15% profit on all the books he sells. How much money does he make if he sells 30 books? 30 * 20 = \$600 *. 15 = \$90

2. Commission Based on Quota Exercises… Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes \$200 on every car he sells after he sells one car. This month he sold 15 cars, how much money did he make in commission? 15 – 14, 14 * 200 = \$2, 800 Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes 5 % of his total sales above \$10, 000. This month he sold \$65, 000 worth of cars. How much did he make in commission? ? 65, 000 – 10, 000 = 55, 000, 55, 000 *. 05 = \$2, 750

Commission Based on Salary and Quota Exercises… Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes a salary of \$200 and \$200 on every car he sells after he sells one car. This month he sold 15 cars, how much money did he make in commission? 15 – 14, 14 * \$200 = \$2, 800 + \$200 = \$3, 000 Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes a salary of \$200 and 5% of his total sales above \$10, 000. This month he sold \$65, 000 worth of cars. How much did he make in commission? ? \$65, 000 – \$10, 000 = \$55, 000, \$55, 000 *. 05 = \$2, 750 + \$200 = \$2, 950. 00

Graduated commission exercises… Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes \$200 on the first 10 cars he sells and \$300 on every car sold above 10. This month he sold 15 cars, how much money did he make in commission? 10 * \$200 = \$2, 000, (15 – 10). . 5 * \$300 = \$1, 500 \$2, 000 + \$1, 500 = \$3, 500 Tom is a car sales person. Every month he makes 10% on the first \$40, 000 cars he sells and 15% on any sales above that. This month he sold \$75, 000 worth. How much money did he make in commission? \$40, 000 *. 10 = \$4, 000, (75, 000 – 40, 000). . \$35, 000 *. 15 = 5, 250. \$4, 000 + \$5, 250 = \$9, 250

Homework… l Page 5 #7 and 8 only- will be graded tomorrow.

2 -2 Finding Gross Pay l l Gross pay is earned by employees who are paid by the hour and you calculate it by multiplying the pay per hour by the number of hours worked. Ex: \$8. 50 x 20 hours worked = \$170. 00

Please get out… l l l Calculator Pen/Pencil Notebook w/dividers in it and paper Textbook Workbook White board, marker and rag

In summary…commission is the more you sell, the more money you make. A. Sales x ___% = Commission OR B. # of units sold x Money made per unit = \$Commission

Solving for a Variable… Typically we figure commission as _____ X ____% = \$ _____ Sales com. Rate com. Money But what if you didn’t know com rate, but know commission \$? Sue sold \$56, 000 and makes 5%, how much commission did she make? Sue made \$2, 800. 00 in commission on \$56, 000 in sales, what was her commission rate?

1 -4 Other Wage Plans 1. Piece-rate employees - Some employees are paid for each item or product successfully made. l Ex: Tom makes \$70 for each bike he makes, if he makes 40 bikes, he makes \$2, 800. 00, but what if 2 of the bikes were defective? l 40 -2 = 38 l 38 * \$70 = \$2, 660. 00 l Look on page 21 #A and B

1 -4 Other Wage Plans 2. Per Diem Employees – Per diem means per day…some employees are paid for every day they work…. these are usually part time or temporary employees…also known as temp help. l l l Ex: Shawn Taylor worked 5 days last week as a temp computer operator. His per diem rate is \$120. How much money did Shawn make last week? \$120 x 5 = \$600. 00 gross pay for the week Look at page 22 # C and #D

1 -4 Other Wage Plans 3. Tip Employees – Some people get paid a tip or gratuity for the service they provide. This is usually a percentage of the bill or it can be a dollar amount per item. Ex: A waiter gets 15% of the bill A skycap gets \$1. 00 per bag handled. l Look at page 23 # E and #F

l Look at page 24 and put on your white boards the answers to questions #10 - 13 l 10. 11. 12. 13. l l l \$68 \$2, 090. 00 \$5, 700 \$477. 75

1 -5 Finding Average Pay l l Average – a single number used to represent a group of numbers. Simple Average – found by adding several numbers and dividing the sum by the number of items added…. also called the mean. Ex: Monica earned the following for the 3 days she worked…\$18, \$58, \$32. What was her average earnings? \$36. 00 Look at page 27 # B and page 28 #C and #D

Grouping Data l l A number or rate can occur more than once in a set of data. When that happens, you can find the sum quickly by grouping the common numbers. Ex: The Smith Company has 8 employees. Five of the employees earn \$9 an hour, two earn \$7 an hour, and 1 earns \$13 an hour. What is the average amount per our that these employees are paid? l 5*\$9 = \$45. 00 l 2*\$7 = \$14. 00 l 1*\$13 = \$13. 00 l \$72. 00 / 8 = \$9. 00

Finding an Unknown Item… l l If one item in a group or set of data is unknown, you may have to find the unknown item. Averages are used often in finding the value of the unknown or missing item. EX: Sue has a 90 average, if 3 of her 4 class grades are 98, 89, 90, what is her 4 th classes grade? l 90*4 = 360…. . 360 – 98 -89 -90=83

What is a Percent or Percentage? l A percentage is a mathematical way of expressing a number. The number being expressed can be considered a fraction, a part of a whole or an amount in comparison to one hundred. The word "percent" is short for the longer "percentage, " and means "per one hundred. " Percent numbers are expressed in many different ways and many forms, and can be computed in a variety of ways. They are often accompanied by a percentage sign.

What is a Percent or Percentage? 20% - a percent is a representation of a portion of a whole…it is always based on an entire amount of 100% of something. l A percent is known as a ratio amount of something else. For example, if you have 3% of \$100. 00, you now have \$3. 00. To get this number divide the percentage into the whole number. So, for this equation, it would have been 3/100.