Chapter 1 Driving and Mobility Highway Transportation System
Chapter 1 Driving and Mobility
Highway Transportation System (HTS) is regulated by federal, state and local government agencies. • Parts-motor vehicle, streets and highway, drivers, cyclists, and pedestrians. Goal is to enable people and goods to move from 1 place to another safely.
3 Categories 1. Highway concepts and designs 2. Roadways-4 million miles of roadways 3. People-Sharing road with 194 million drivers
The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act- • Requires automakers to build safety features i. e. safety belts, shatterproof windows etc.
The National Highway Safety Act *Establishes guidelines for state motor vehicle safety programs. Each state sets its own statutes.
RISK IS REAL!! • The chances of you being involved in a collision are 1 in 9. • Seriously disabled 1 in 83. . 34% of deaths(1520)occur through motor vehicle crashes. 15 -20 yr old make up only 7% of drivers and they are involved in 14% of crashes. • 85% of deaths occur in first collision
How to reduce risks 1. Keep your vehicle in top condition 2. Anticipate actions of others 3. Take steps to protect yourself and others 4. Drive only when you are in good physical and mental condition. 5. Develop your skills better
• What is the best type of vehicle to have to reduce your risk of injuries?
Answer • • One that is big in size Well maintained ABS brakes Airbags Seatbelts Good tires Inspected
3 Key components for Safe and Responsible Driving 1. Visibility-what you see behind the wheel, how well you see it and others see you. Driving at night is dangerous for all drivers. 2. Time-speeding and stopping 3. Space-distance between cars and preventing collisions Margin of space?
What can you gain from a Driver’s Education Course? 1. understand how emotions and your personality can affect your driving 2. understand how to maneuver and keep control over your vehicle 3. know how all drugs can impair your driving and the penalties associated with its use. 4. know the rules, laws , signs and signals and markings
What can you gain from a Driver’s Education Course? 5. know how to buy, manage and maintain your vehicle 6. know how your vehicle works 7. know your limitations/problems with driving 8. know how to react in an emergency situation
These are factors that affect your ability to drive safely 1. You feel there is no risk in driving 2. You cannot be injured or cause injury while driving. 3. Taking medicine 4. Emotions 5. Drugs use
What factors can cause young drivers to be over-represented in crash statistics? 1. Lacking experience 2. Driving at dangerous times-night 3. Transporting passengers-pack the car! 4. Driving differently-more speed, less likely to wear seatbelts & don’t pay attention. *Drive at a safe speed depending on the conditions
Mobility • The basic costs are grouped into two categories 1 Crash-MV hits another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, cyclist or fixed object. 2. Non-Crash costs a)Operating costs-maintain vehicle ex. gas or oil b)Fixed costs-purchase price, insurance and licensing fees. c)Environmental costs-car pollution $230 Billion dollars are spent in motor-vehicle crashes.
You will have a quiz on Chapter 1 tomorrow.
• • • 14% 230 billion Crash Ch 1 Wordbank Highways Top condition Rules of the road National highway safety act Margin of space Visibility Non crash costs Crash