CERN Nov 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics

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CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) 1 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto for a Workshop: One should not give a lie! 2 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto for a Workshop: One should not give a lie! No problem for an experimentalist -they talk about empirical facts -- 3 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto for Workshop: One should not give a lie! No problem for an experimentalist -they talk about empirical facts -- yet for a theorist? 4 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto for Workshop: One should not give a lie! No problem for an experimentalist -they talk about empirical facts -- yet for a theorist? Prof. Mannelli from Pisa once assured me that he does not entertain the illusion that theorists can speak the truth all the time -- speaking in good faith is all he expects from a theorist! 5 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto Workshop: One should not give a lie! No problem for an experimentalist -they talk about empirical facts -- yet for a theorist? Prof. Mannelli from Pisa once assured me that he does not entertain the illusion that theorists can speak the truth all the time -- speaking in good faith is all he expects from a theorist! I will do it. Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning” 6

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame

CERN, Nov. 2011 Indirect Search for New Dynamics –by Cunning Ikaros Bigi (Notre Dame du Lac) Motto for Workshop: One should not give a lie! No problem for an experimentalist -they talk about empirical facts -- yet for a theorist? Prof. Mannelli from Pisa once assured me that he does not entertain the illusion that theorists can speak the truth all the time -- speaking in good faith is all he expects from a theorist! I will do it. [Remember: prediction ≠ postdiction!] 7 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 8 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 8 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 9 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 9 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 10 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm 10 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 11

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 11 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 12

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 12 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 13

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm minor asymmetry enhances their beauty & charm 13 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm CP asymmetry enhances Beauty & Charm decays! 14

Theorist enthralled by Beauty & Charm CP asymmetry enhances Beauty & Charm decays! 14 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics 15 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics the goal is to find impact of New Dynamics (ND) on CP asymmetries in DB ≠ 0 ≠ DC ( & in Dt ≠ 0); 16 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics the goal is to find impact of New Dynamics (ND) on CP asymmetries in DB ≠ 0 ≠ DC ( & in Dt ≠ 0); indirect CP: establish in 2 transitions & find in 3 rd back-up one 17 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics the goal is to find impact of ND on CP asymmetries in DB ≠ 0 ≠ DC ( & in Dt ≠ 0); indirect CP: establish in 2 transitions & find in 3 rd back-up one direct CP: find & establish it in many channels as possible 18 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics the goal is to find impact of ND on CP asymmetries in DB ≠ 0 ≠ DC ( & in Dt ≠ 0); indirect CP: establish in 2 transitions & find in 3 rd back-up one direct CP: find & establish it in many channels as possible ² existence of ND & 19 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed

CKM dynamics has been found at least as the leading source of the observed CPV in DS ≠ 0 ≠ DB dynamics the goal is to find impact of ND CP asymmetries in DB ≠ 0 ≠ DC ( & in Dt ≠ 0); indirect CP: establish in 2 transitions & find in 3 rd back-up one direct CP: find & establish it in many channels as possible ² existence of ND & ² find out its shape & nature 20 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; 21 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; 22 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; for SL transitions D 0 showed on June 30, 2011: a. SL(Bd)|D 0=(-0. 12 ± 0. 52)x 10 -2, a. SL(Bs)|D 0=(-1. 81 ± 1. 06)x 10 -2 23 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; for SL transitions D 0 showed on June 30, 2011: a. SL(Bd)|D 0=(-0. 12 ± 0. 52)x 10 -2, a. SL(Bs)|D 0=(-1. 81 ± 1. 06)x 10 -2 with input from LHCb satisfies Bell-Steinberger-Berger. Sehgal bound just unitary bound LHCb D 0 old monotonicity of oscillations = `time not running backward’ 24 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; v precision! Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; v precision! 25 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; v precision! Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; v precision! Ø no indir. & dir. CPV found in 2 -body final states in D decays 26 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd;

Status Ø indir. & direct CPV established in 2 -body final states for Bd; v precision! Ø indir. & direct CPV unclear in 2 -body final states for Bs; v precision! Ø no indir. & dir. CPV found in 2 -body final states in D decays v accuracy & complementarity! 27 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – 28 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – 28 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & 29 Ikaros Bigi:

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & 29 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their ? ) nature(s) & shape(s)! 30 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their ? ) nature(s) & shape(s)! When the presence of ND has established, you want to find its features – CPV ~ S x P or V x A etc. 31 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their ? ) nature(s) & shape(s)! When the presence of ND has established, you want to find its features – CPV ~ S x P or V x A etc. ² Dalitz analyses of CKM suppr. 3 -body transitions D/B(s) vs. D/B(s) KKp, Kpp etc. will help greatly, 32 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their

the goal is to find ND -- Ø its existence & Ø its (their ? ) nature(s) & shape(s)! When the presence of ND has established, you want to find its features – CPV ~ S x P or V x A etc. ² Dalitz analyses of CKM suppr. 3 -body transitions D/B(s) vs. D/B(s) KKp, Kpp etc. will help greatly, v probably importantly so! 33 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – 34 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – 34 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – like a criminal case where you did

the goal is to find ND – like a criminal case where you did not see two witnesses at the crime: 35 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

the goal is to find ND – like a criminal case where you did

the goal is to find ND – like a criminal case where you did not see two witnesses at the crime: No golden test of flavour dynamics -- you have to rely on a series of several arguments with correlations! 36 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in the Dalitz plot 37 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in the Dalitz plot ²can rely on relative rather than absolute CP asym ü much less dependent on production asym. 38 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in the Dalitz plot ²can rely on relative rather than absolute CP asym ü much less dependent on production asym. need lots of statistics 39 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in the Dalitz plot ²can rely on relative rather than absolute CP asym ü much less dependent on production asym. need lots of statistics robust pattern recognition 40 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in

Ø A Catholic Scenario for B/D PPP: single path to heaven - asymmetries in the Dalitz plot ²can rely on relative rather than absolute CP asym ü much less dependent on production asym. need lots of statistics robust pattern recognition `Miranda’ procedure pattern recognition learnt from astronomers Bediaga et al. : `significance’ [N(i)–N(i)]/[N(i)+N(i)]1/2 41 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Formalism of Dalitz plots 42 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Formalism of Dalitz plots 42 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak &

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak & strong phases Analyze the topologies of Dalitz plots 43 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak &

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak & strong phases Analyze the topologies of Dalitz plots Ø like an analysis without theoretical input for an immediate process: significance s(i) =[N(i)–N(i)]/[N(i)+N(i)]1/2 44 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak &

Formalism of Dalitz plots DP depend on |T(3 P)|2 vs. |T(3 P)|2, weak & strong phases Analyze the topologies of Dalitz plots Ø like an analysis without theoretical input for an immediate process: significance s(i) =[N(i)–N(i)]/[N(i)+N(i)]1/2 Ø most CP asymmetries in the DP are independent of production asymmetries! 45 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP 46 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP 46 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD 47 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! 48 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! working group of theorists & experimentalists founded by Hanhart, Mannel, Meissner, ibi to deal with CPV in Dalitz studies Name: `Les Nabis’ = `The Prophets’ ! 49 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! working group of theorists & experimentalists founded by Hanhart, Mannel, Meissner, ibi to deal with CPV in Dalitz studies Name: `Les Nabis’ = `The Prophets’ ! CP 50 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! working group of theorists & experimentalists founded by Hanhart, Mannel, Meissner, ibi to deal with CPV in Dalitz studies Name: `Les Nabis’ = `The Prophets’ ! CP: 3 sources Ø with quasi-2 -body final states (resonances) 51 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! working group of theorists & experimentalists founded by Hanhart, Mannel, Meissner, ibi to deal with CPV in Dalitz studies Name: `Les Nabis’ = `The Prophets’ ! CP: 3 sources Ø with quasi-2 -body final states (resonances) Ø with interference between quasi-2 -body final states 52 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD

theoretical guidance: B/D PPP Ø chiral dynamics & FSI are not strengths of LQCD Ø from Hadron Physics/MEP often unused great experience for chiral dynam. & FSI – use for profit! working group of theorists & experimentalists founded by Hanhart, Mannel, Meissner, ibi to deal with CPV in Dalitz studies Name: `Les Nabis’ = `The Prophets’ ! CP: 3 sources Ø with quasi-2 -body final states (resonances) Ø with interference between quasi-2 -body final states Ø contributions from true 3 -body FS or broad 53 resonances like s. Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

D/Bd p+p-p 0 One example: D/Bd r 0 p 0, r+/-p-/+, f 0(980)p 0,

D/Bd p+p-p 0 One example: D/Bd r 0 p 0, r+/-p-/+, f 0(980)p 0, sp 0 V+P , S+P BW , ~ BW , not BW! BW = Breit-Wigner experience of HP/MEP very useful! 54 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! 55 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! Remember – finding the Devil on a fresco in the Basilica San Francesco in Assisi in Italy painted in the 14 th century took till now! 56 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! v Dalitz plots, T odd correlations 57 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! v Dalitz plots, T odd correlations v include progresses in hadron analyses ² chiral dynamics etc. , not only LQCD 58 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! v Dalitz plots, T odd correlations v include progresses in hadron analyses ² chiral dynamics etc. , not only LQCD Lagrangian Observables 59 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! v Dalitz plots, T odd correlations v include progresses in hadron analyses ² chiral dynamics etc. , not only LQCD Lagrangian Observables 60 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV

Ø Need detailed analyses of 3 - & 4 -body final states, including CPV – despite the large start-up work! v Dalitz plots, T odd correlations v include progresses in hadron analyses ² chiral dynamics etc. , not only LQCD Observables Lagrangian theoretical technology ! “plumbers” (like me) 61 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles Aias 62 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles Aias 62 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles = ATLAS Aias 63 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles = ATLAS Aias 63 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles = ATLAS Aias = CMS 64 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Achilles = ATLAS Aias = CMS 64 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Odysseus = need force & lots of cunning of exp. & th. Achilles =

Odysseus = need force & lots of cunning of exp. & th. Achilles = ATLAS Aias = CMS 65 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

Odysseus = need force & lots of cunning of exp. & th. LHCb! Achilles

Odysseus = need force & lots of cunning of exp. & th. LHCb! Achilles = ATLAS Aias = CMS 66 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

67 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

67 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

68 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

68 Ikaros Bigi: “ND by Cunning”

theor. pre[post]dictions WA data t(Lb )/t(Bd) `us’ 0. 9 - 1. 0 ’ 93

theor. pre[post]dictions WA data t(Lb )/t(Bd) `us’ 0. 9 - 1. 0 ’ 93 0. 77 ± 0. 05 ‘ 96 `us’ 0. 94± 0. 03, >0. 88 ’ 96, ’ 98 0. 79 ± 0. 05 ‘ 99 `not us’ 0. 86± 0. 05 ’ 03 0. 806 ± 0. 05 ’ 03 0. 939 ± 0. 022 ‘ 11 difference between prediction & postdiction! 69 Ikaros Bigi: “Odysseus conquering Troy”