- Slides: 25
CCS Sys. Theo Bibliology
ALL ANSWERS What is the Bible?
The Bible says… 2 Timothy 3: 16 -17 16 �All Scripture* inspired by God is �� and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for ��training in righteousness; 17 so that ��the man of God may be adequate, �equipped for every good work. NAU
2 Timothy 3: 16 -17 All Scripture Old Testament 1 Tim 5: 18 2 Peter 3: 14 -16 Inspired Theopneustos – breathed of God Profitable Di. Re. CT
The Bible says… 2 Peter 1: 20 -21 20 But ��know this first of all, tha prophecy* of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, 21 for ��no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from � God. NAU
2 Peter 1: 20 -21 Prophecy Does this just refer to prophecy – foretelling? Context of verses 16 -19 What does this do for the veracity of the Biblical account? Moved Present passive participle – “constantly being moved along” Luke 27: 15 & 17
The Bible Says… Psalm 119: 160 John 17: 17
Do you agree? Some disagree Some attack Is this valid? Does the Bible have veracity?
Some false assumptions… We are more advanced in all ways today Literarily Logically Forensically/Ethically – trustworthiness of report We can use the logic of today to understand the Biblical text
The Fact is… The Gospel accounts are eyewitness and researched accounts that circulated within the communities in which the original events occurred in the same and adjacent generations during which the events occurred. To imagine that these accounts could circulate freely, without significant challenge is imagination, indeed!
Not enough motivation to lie The disciples had no money and no practical gain The Jewish people had no Messiah Suffering and persecution Jewish and Roman government conspiracy Yet, they grew and flourished The accounts were spread in copious copies His word is truth
The witness of the texts NT Greek Manuscripts – 5300+ Within 100 years Homer’s Illiad – less than 650 After 1000 years Tacticus’ Annuls of Imperial Rome – 1 After 700+ years Josephus’ The Jewish War – 9 400 -1100 years after
Originals, copies and variants No Originals in possession (Picture slideshow) Copies span several regions, several languages – tremendous agreement 200, 000 variants Misspellings – if a word is misspelled and then appears in 3000 copies, that is considered 3000 variants Numbers Order Nothing doctrinally crucial
Originals, copies and variants Different families of copies (Alexandrian, Byzantine, Western) The King James Bible Textus Receptus 1 John 5: 8 Those footnotes in your English Bibles A better translation is. . Brackets John 8 Mark 16
Unmatched agreement, veracity and doctrinalconsistancy The point is…
The ultimate burden of proof is not on you, but the Spirit The reality is…
Reasons to believe Proofs, archeological evidences, etc. Church Authority Experience of self and others Internal Testimony of the Holy Spirit
Terms for discussion Inerrancy Infallibility Inspiration Illumination Preservation
Inerrancy The idea that Scripture is completely free from error. It is generally agreed by all theologians who use the term that inerrancy at least refers to the trustworthy and authoritative nature of Scripture as God’s Word, which informs humankind of the need for and the way to salvation. Some theologians, however, affirm that the Bible is also completely accurate in whatever it teaches about other subjects, such as science and history. Stanley Grenz, David Guretzki and Cherith Fee Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, Ill. : Inter. Varsity Press, 1999), 66.
Infallibilty The characteristic of being incapable of failing to accomplish a predetermined purpose. In Protestant theology infallibility is usually associated with Scripture. The Bible will not fail in its ultimate purpose of revealing God and the way of salvation to humans. In Roman Catholic theology infallibility is also extended to the teaching of the church (“magisterium” or “dogma”) under the authority of the pope as the chief teacher and earthly head of the body of Christ. Stanley Grenz, David Guretzki and Cherith Fee Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, Ill. : Inter. Varsity Press, 1999), 66.
Inspiration A term used by many theologians to designate the work of the Holy Spirit in enabling the human authors of the Bible to record what God desired to have written in the Scriptures. Theories explaining how God “superintended” the process of Scripture formation vary from dictation (the human authors wrote as secretaries, recording word for word what God said) to ecstatic writing (the human authors wrote at the peak of their human creativity). Most evangelical theories of inspiration maintain that the Holy Spirit divinely guided the writing of Scripture, while at the same time allowing elements of the authors’ culture and historical context to come through, at least in matters of style, grammar and choice of words. Stanley Grenz, David Guretzki and Cherith Fee Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, Ill. : Inter. Varsity Press, 1999), 66.
Illumination The ongoing work of the Holy Spirit in the Christian person and community in assisting believers to interpret, understand obey the Scriptures. Illumination is a matter of faith as well as intellectual assent—the Spirit’s goal in illumination moves beyond mere intellectual assent to propositions of Scripture to the moving of the human will to trust Christ and obey him. Stanley Grenz, David Guretzki and Cherith Fee Nordling, Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms (Downers Grove, Ill. : Inter. Varsity Press, 1999), 62.
Preservation The standard belief that along with God divinely inspiring the text of Scripture, He has been involved in preserving that text for us today.
Challenge for you Psalm 119
CCS Sys. Theo Bibliology