- Slides: 41
Causes of WWI � Militarism � Alliances � Nationalism � Imperialism � Assassination
Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary
Alliances Central Powers: � Germany � Austria-Hungary � Ottoman Empire � Japan The Allies: � Russia � France � Serbia � Great Britain � United States of America
The Introduction of Modern Warfare � Machine guns � Hand grenades � Chemical warfare � Submarine warfare ◦ The Germans perfected the use of submarines during the war.
Web of alliances a. Central Powers: …. b. Allied Powers: …. US’ Initial response = Isolationism I feel so alone
Europe in 1914
War Is HELL !!
Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”
Sinking of the Lusitania a. US trades with both sides b. British Blockade North Sea c. utterseeboots
Lets Go For A Cruise � The Lusitania: British passenger boat sunk by a German U-boat. 128 of the 1200 dead passengers were Americans. � The Sussex ( 03 -24 -1916): after sinking the Sussex, the Germans pledged to warn before sinking. ◦ This is known as the Sussex Pledge. � February 1, 1917, Germans began unrestricted warfare again.
Russia leaves the war (1917) 1. ) Communist revolution brings the Russian monarchy down. 2. ) Vladimir Lenin claims power. 3. ) Russia signs treaty with Germany and leaves the war.
The Zimmerman Telegram � Germany sent a telegram to Mexico urging them to join the fight against the U. S. and in return Germany would ensure that Mexico would receive land that once belonged to them that the U. S. took. � The British intercepted the message and gave it to the U. S.
The Zimmerman Telegram
TO WAR! � April 6, 1917: President Wilson signs the declaration of war because of the Zimmerman Note.
� Which country belongs in the blank box in the diagram? A. B. C. D. Austria-Hungary Poland Russia Italy WWI Central Powers Germany
� Which of the following would an isolationist support? A. B. C. D. Staying out of WWI Sending troops to fight in Europe The Zimmerman telegram The League of Nations
� What would be the best heading for the following list? ◦ ◦ A. B. C. D. Unrestricted submarine warfare Zimmerman telegram Sinking of US ships The Lusitania Reasons Europe Went to War Reasons the US Entered World War I Reasons for the Spanish-American War Reasons Congress Passed the Chinese Exclusion Act
� Which of the following was glad that the US entered WWI? A. B. C. D. The Central Powers The Triple Entente The Bolsheviks Isolationists
� The sinking of the Luisitania, the Zimmerman telegram, and unrestricted U-boat warfare were all factors that led to A. B. C. D. The start of WWI in Europe. The beginning of WWII. US involvement in Vietnam. The United States entering WWI.
Ms. Susan Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The Most Famous Recruitment Poster
Uncle Sam—He the Man!
Don’t Mess with the U. S.
The Spirit of ’ 76’
1917 – Selective Service Act 24, 000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. 4, 800, 000 men served in WW 1 (2, 000 saw active combat). 400, 000 African-Americans served in segregated units. 15, 000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.
U. S. Food Administration
U. S. Food Administration
U. S. School Garden Army
U. S. Shipping Board
U. S. Fuel Administration
YWCA – The Blue Triangle
The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!
Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!