- Slides: 28
Causes of World War II National World War Two Memorial, Washington D. C.
We will study 4 aspects of WWII • The war in Europe against Germany and Italy • The war in Asia with Japan • Hitler’s rise to power • The Holocaust
Why Do Wars Occur? • -
What caused WWII in Europe? • Germany wanted back what she lost from WWI, and revenge (To. V) • Depression and Dictators • Appeasement – Great Britain and France gave Hitler land w/o fighting for it. • Hitler and his hidden agenda Holocaust
Treaty of Versailles – end of WWI • The main points of the Treaty [BRAT] • Germany had to accept the Blame for starting the war • Germany paid Reparations for the damage done during the war.
Versailles cont. . • Germany was forbidden to have submarines or an air force. • She could have a navy of only six battleships, and an Army of just 100, 000 men.
Versailles • Germany lost Territory (land) in Europe. • Germany’s colonies were given to Britain and France.
Depression in 1920 s Europe • Economy was bad in Europe • WWI killed a lot of workers and customers • After years of humiliation and starvation, Germans looked for a strong leader.
NAZIs elected to power! • Nazis promised to build up their army and get revenge for the WWI ↑ This concept, along with the Great Depression, made it easy for dictators to rule
Dictators: The BIG FIVE • Hitler – Germany • Mussolini - Italy • Tojo - Japan • Stalin – Russia • Franco - Spain
Dictators Challenge World Peace In the 1930 s Spain, Germany, Italy, and Japan pursued aggressive goals for empire
Dictators Challenge World Peace Pacifism and the memory of WWI caused the leaders of Britain, France, Canada, and the US to avoid conflict through diplomacy
Dictators Challenge World Peace Mussolini and Hitler viewed pacifism as weakness and responded with new acts of aggression
Aggression v Appeasement What is: • Aggression – action of a state in v iolating by force the rights of another – particularly its territorial rights – unprovoked attack, invasion, or t he like • Appeasement – to yield or concede to the demands of a nation/group/person in an effort to avoid conflict – sometimes at the expense of justice or other principles
Aggression vs. Appeasement Japan seized Manchuria in 1931; the League of Nations condemned the act so Japan withdrew from the League
Aggression vs. Appeasement 1935 - Italy invaded Ethiopia; King Haile Selassie appealed in vain to the powerless League of Nations
Aggression vs. Appeasement Hitler re-built the German military and sent troops into the Rhineland; in response, Western democracies did nothing to stop him
Aggression vs. Appeasement Many in Britain and France saw Hitler and fascism as a defense against the spread of Soviet communism Goering, Chamberlain, Mussolini, Daladier, Hitler in Munich
Aggression vs. Appeasement Congress passed Neutrality Acts with the goal of avoiding US involvement in a European war
Aggression vs. Appeasement Germany, Italy, and Japan formed the Rome. Berlin-Tokyo Axis, agreeing to fight Soviet communism Tojo, Hitler, and Mussolini
German Aggression Continues 1938 - Hitler began the Anschluss, or union of Austria and Germany
German Aggression Continues At the 1938 Munich Conference, Britain and France chose appeasement and allowed Germany to seize the Sudetenland
German Aggression Continues British prime minister Neville Chamberlain announced that he had achieved "peace for our time” Chamberlain holds up the treaty with Hitler, which he claimed would ensure "peace for our time. " Winston Churchill remarked of the treaty: “They had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor; they will have war. "
German Aggression Continues March 1939 - Hitler seized the rest of CZ. Britain and France realized appeasement had failed and promise to protect Poland
German Aggression Continues August 1939 - Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with Joseph Stalin, secretly dividing up Poland Moscow, August 23, 1939 - Soviet Foreign Commissar, Vyacheslav Molotov, signs the German-Soviet nonaggression pact. Joachim von Ribbentrop and Josef Stalin stand behind him
German Aggression Continues Sept. 1 1939 - Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany World War II had begun