- Slides: 6
Cause & Effects of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution Or Why bread is cheaper than beef jerky.
Paleolithic • Modern humans appear about 250, 000 B. C. • Lived in small bands of nomadic hunters & gatherers • Developments: – – – Simple stone tools & weapons Spoken Language Use of fire Belief in afterlife Burial of dead Creation of cave paintings
Neolithic Agriculture Revolution 9000 B. C. Farming replaces hunting & gathering as a means of producing food. Neolithic peoples domesticate plants & animals Food gathering women notice that seeds grow into new plants.
People look for areas with plentiful rainfall & fertile soil to establish farms. Farming peoples begin settling in river valleys like the Nile, Indus, & Huang He. People abandon nomadic ways of life & establish permanent villages Farmers grow more food than they need to feed their families -Acquire more possessions -Develop new technologies • Calendar, plow, loom, pottery -Growth in population
Food surpluses allow some to abandon farming in order to specialize in a specific craft Farmers barter surplus food for goods made by artisans Societies compete for valuable land & water resources Women lose status to male warriors who can protect them & their children Beginnings of trade networks Increased interaction between communities Leaders with armies emerge who force those with no power to do the hard jobs Increased warfare