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Categories Of Users Dr. C. Krishnamurthy
Categories of Information Users Different Categories of Information users in Academic Community are: Teachers Students Scientists & Technologists R & D Personnel Other Professionals Doctors Engineers Lawyers Architects Planners Policy makers Ethnic Groups etc. ,
Teacher: A teacher is a person who: Teachers Guides Instructs Trains or Helps his students in the process of learning knowledge, understanding, behavior, skills, including thinking skills etc. The objective is typically a course of study lesson plan, or a practical skill. A teacher may follow standard curricula as determined by the relevant authority. The teacher may interact with students of different ages, from infants to adults with different abilities and students with learning disabilities. Therefore the role of teacher is often formal and ongoing carried out by way occupation or profession at a school or other place of formal education. His requirements: May be Reference books like encyclopedias, text books, journals, reports etc.
Student: A person engaged in a study: One who is devoted to learning; a learner a pupil, a scholar. Particularly one who attends a school or College or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books: as the student of an academy, college or a universe. Note: Application of mind to books, arts or science or to any subject for the purpose of acquiring knowledge
Scientist: (Newton Ex: ) A scientist in a broadest sense refers to a person that engages in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge or the one who engages in such practices and traditions that are linked to different schools of thought or philosophy. Many scientists have a desire to understand why the world is as we see it and how it came to be. They exhibit a strong curiosity about reality and they desire to apply scientific knowledge for the benefit of peoples health, the nations, the world, nature, Industry, etc. ,
Types of Scientists: Archeologists: (Study of ancient societies by studing ancient remains) Astronomers : ( Stars & Planets i. e. celestial bodies) Biologists : Plants & Animals Chemists Mathematicians Computer Scientists Medical Scientists Geographers Military Scientists Educational Psychologists Social Scientists Library scientists Economists Management Scientists Etc.
Research & Development Personnel: Research & Development is a process intended to create improved technology that can provide a competitive advantage at the business industry or national level. While the rewards can be very high, the process of technological innovation (of which R&D is the first phase) is complex and risky. The majority of the R&D projects fail to provide the expected results. The objective of academic and institutional R & D is to obtain new knowledge, which may or may not be applied to practical uses. In contrast, the objective of industrial R&D is to obtain new knowledge, applicable to company’s business needs, that eventually will result in new or improved products, processes, systems or services that can increase the company’s sales and profits. Persons engaged in such organizations are called R&D professionals.
Other Professionals: q Doctors q Engineers q Lawyers q Journalists q Social Workers q Politicians q Sports Persons etc. ,
Types of Planners and Plans Planning in organization and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan and the Psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired goal on some scale. As such it is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. A plan can play a vital role in helping to avoiding mistakes or to recognize hidden opportunities. Preparing a proper plan is very essential for a nation or an organization. The planning process enables management to understand more clearly about what they want to achieve and how and when they can do it. Planning helps in forecasting the future makes the future visible to some extent. It bridges the gap between where we are and where we want to go, planning is nothing but looking ahead.
Types of Plans & Planners: Economic plan (Planners) Business Plan ( “ ) Financial Plan ( “ ) Town Plan ( “ ) Market Plan ( “ ) Strategic Plan ( “ ) SWOT : Strength, weakness, opportunities & threats. PEST : Political, Economic, Social & Technological Analysis.
Policy Makers A Policy is typically described as a deliberates Plan of action to guide decisions and rational outcome. The term policy is concerned to: Government Private Sectors Organizations Groups & Individuals. Ex of Policies are: Presidential executive orders Corporate private policies Parliamentary rules of order.
Policy may also refer to the process of making organizational decisions, including: identification of different alternatives such as programs or spending priorities and choosing them on the basis of the impact they will have. Policies can be understood as: Political Management Financial and Administrative Mechanisms. arranged to reach explicit goals.
A Policy maker is a person who can influence or determine policies & practices at an International National Regional or Local level. Ethic Groups An ethnic group is group of human beings whose members identify with each other, usually on presumed or real common heritage. Ethnic identity is their groups distinctiveness and recognition of common cultural, linguistic, religious, behavioral or biological traits real or presumed, as indicators to other groups.
Needs: of Ethnic Groups: Government Programs, schemes, Information on Housing Education, Jobs. Marketing for their products. The modern usage of “ethnic group” however reflects the different kinds of encounters industrialized states which have subordinate groups, such as immigrants and Colonized subjects or citizens. It is referred to the people with distinct cultural identities who, through migration or conquest had become subject to a foreign state or nation. Ex: Anglo – Indians