CASH based interventions in WestAfrica Mali Burkina Faso

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CASH based interventions in West-Africa Mali - Burkina Faso - Niger 1

CASH based interventions in West-Africa Mali - Burkina Faso - Niger 1

PRESENTATION OF THE STUDY Welthungerhilfe, already experienced in the implementation of ”Cash for Work”

PRESENTATION OF THE STUDY Welthungerhilfe, already experienced in the implementation of ”Cash for Work” programs, on 2011 launched its first programs of “unconditional cash transfers" and transfers through ”vouchers” in the Sahel region. This study aims to capitalize the experience made with regard to these types of approach. The monetary transfers assist beneficiaries through payments that allow them to cover essential needs. The extreme vulnerability of the targeted households makes that the granted sums are mainly dedicated to food supply. For this reason the cash transfer has been proposed in the Sahel region to fight against the food insecurity, to reduce the population vulnerability and strength their level of social protection. 2

PROJECTS OVERVIEW Project Approach CT Others activities Cash Transfer Voucher (unconditional) Cash for Food

PROJECTS OVERVIEW Project Approach CT Others activities Cash Transfer Voucher (unconditional) Cash for Food Not food Education work distribution items MLI 1054 X MLI 1058 X MLI 1055 X MLI 1060 X MLI 1066 X BFA 1045 X X BFA 1050 X NER 1004 X X X X X X X X 3

METHOD OF PAYMENT in Sahel UNCONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFER: • Cash Direct (trough or not

METHOD OF PAYMENT in Sahel UNCONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFER: • Cash Direct (trough or not IMF) • Phone cards VOUCHER: • Food Voucher 4

COMPARE THE APPROACH CASH DIRECT PHONE CARDS CONDITIONS INCONVENIENTS Insecurity, Fast intervention, response misappropriation

COMPARE THE APPROACH CASH DIRECT PHONE CARDS CONDITIONS INCONVENIENTS Insecurity, Fast intervention, response misappropriation of Safety and security in the to several needs, simple funds, higher zone, effective logistics in organization, flexibility for the administrative costs, bad the days of the distribution households, lower transport behaviours of and logistics costs households Phone network in the distribution zone, good average of illiteracy of household, ownership of mobile phones ADVANTAGES Costs of the operation, Minimization of safety risk, absence of basic discretion, speed transfers, infrastructures, more effective follow-up, effort to raising traceability of payments awareness and inform Good market system, Strengthen local economy, availability of foods, trader Inflation, speculation of creation of income, active FOOD network and capacity of suppliers, bad quality of VOUCHER commitment of several supply, presence of IMF, foods, no possibility of actors, possibility of choices, availability of funds on the covering other needs response to food needs field 5

MAIN FINDINGS 1. DIFFICULTIES AND SOLUTIONS 2. BEST PRACTICES 3. LESSON LEARNT 4. RECOMMENDATIONS

MAIN FINDINGS 1. DIFFICULTIES AND SOLUTIONS 2. BEST PRACTICES 3. LESSON LEARNT 4. RECOMMENDATIONS 6

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: ORGANIZATION DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Low level of activities coordination between

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: ORGANIZATION DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Low level of activities coordination between partners • Deficit of communication between the actors in charge of the action • Bad communication of the project information • Low level of organization because of inexperience on CT programs • Difficulties to identify the beneficiaries during the distribution • Lack or bad quality of monitoring and evaluation activity and tools • Insufficient evidence of the impact of the action • Improve the planning meeting (Kick off) to prepare the activities • Organize several sessions of exchange and sharing • Strengthen the implication of the local committees • Propose more training in CT, technical meetings, capitalization • Elaborate personalized beneficiaries cards • Develop more adequate tools and improve the quality • Plan several activities of capitalization 7

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: TECHINICAL DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Constraints and errors in the process

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: TECHINICAL DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Constraints and errors in the process of identification and validation of the target group • Low technical level of knowledge of management tools, software and technologies • Weak computerization of tools, lack of documents in electronic format • Absence of essentials preconditions • Develop more sophisticated tools to identify the target group and devote more time to the validation • Analyze the technical skills of the team before the assignment of tasks; more training opportunuties • Computerization of all the key documents and introduction of more technological solutions • Verify in advance the presence of all requirements and conditions 8

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: LOGISTIC DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Plan early the availability of funds

DIFFICULTIES & SOLUTIONS: LOGISTIC DIFFICULTIES SOLUTIONS PROPOSED • Plan early the availability of funds • Too long waiting time for the on the field and the logistics households to receive the constraints due to the distribution payment the day of the distribution • Remote distance to be crossed to • Increase the number of distribution sites and days get to the sites of distribution • Rupture of liquidity on the sites of • Preliminary evaluation of supply capacity of the intermediaries distribution and delay of delivery 9

BEST PRACTICES • Beneficiaries identification CARDS • Active COMMUNICATION between the actors • Cash

BEST PRACTICES • Beneficiaries identification CARDS • Active COMMUNICATION between the actors • Cash Transfer “MIXED” Approach • FOOD VOUCHER conception & design • COLLABORATION with suppliers and financial institutions 10

LESSONS LEARNT • APPROACH: more resources and time to choose the adequate approach could

LESSONS LEARNT • APPROACH: more resources and time to choose the adequate approach could avoid further mistakes on the field. Run a costeffectiveness analysis to compare them. • INFORMATION: a lot of difficulties have been caused by lack of project knowledge and communication • COORDINATION: when many actors are implied in the action, responsibilities and duties must be clearer • TIMING: time is a “risk” factor to be handled, especially during targeting and evaluation on emergency programs. • SKILLS: technical skills of the staff should be assured before the implementation of the action 11

LESSONS LEARNT • MONITORING & EVALUATION: a structured M&E allows to follow up and

LESSONS LEARNT • MONITORING & EVALUATION: a structured M&E allows to follow up and control the action and its results, even in emergency program • CAPITALIZATION: a capitalization process should be mandatory to learn the experience done on the field • DOCUMENTATION: if the activities carried on are not properly documented, is not possible to show their impact and exploit the results. • PARTNERSHIP: frequently the partner standard does not respond to the WHH one. Partner need to be more trained, followed and coordinate on the field. 12

RECCOMENDATIONS • MARKET assessment and impact: demonstrate that the market is able to support

RECCOMENDATIONS • MARKET assessment and impact: demonstrate that the market is able to support the action, if possible, applying a structured method (EMMA) • TARGETING of BENEFICIARIES: devote more resources to identify and validate the target group. Develop more advanced tools to exploit the data collected (baseline) and manage inclusion and exclusion errors. • INTRODUCE IT SOLUTIONS: more tools, software, investments to transit from a “paper based” to an “electronic based” approach • PARTICIPATIVE COMMUNICATION: effective involvement of actors, stakeholders, staff and beneficiaries. Raise awareness about the project objectives and results. 13

RECCOMENDATIONS • Strengthen VISIBILITY: keep clear the separation of duties and responsibilities between the

RECCOMENDATIONS • Strengthen VISIBILITY: keep clear the separation of duties and responsibilities between the actors in front of the community and the civic society. Promote and highlight the WHH identity. • Increase QUALITY DOCUMENT: improve the check of supporting documents, reports and its internal coherence. • CAPITALIZATION: plain capitalization activities after the end of the action to avoid further errors. Share it with all stakeholders of the project. • Mix cash transfer APPROACH: propose more strategies to reach several objectives and cover more needs • Increase regional COORDINATION: harmonize and share strategies, indicators and procedures of CT action in the region 14

RECCOMENDATIONS • Monitoring & EVALUATION: establish structured activities, including indicator, baseline, follow up, endline,

RECCOMENDATIONS • Monitoring & EVALUATION: establish structured activities, including indicator, baseline, follow up, endline, impact measure. • Management of PARTNERSHIP: more control of the partner is required to assure quality and respect of our internal standards. • Internal CONTROL: cash intervention requires an efficient system of internal control to detect corruption and manage security risk. • Develop an “EXCELLENCE”: WHH needs to be more competitive beside the other organizations and ready to face new challenges. • Promote COMPLEMENTARY INTERVENTIONS: cash transfer has to be married with programs of social protection and resilience. They should effetely promote an economic development if included in a integrate program. 15

CONCLUSIONS CT programs are very effective in the emergency projects and at the beginning

CONCLUSIONS CT programs are very effective in the emergency projects and at the beginning of a crisis, when the priority is to answer the immediate needs. They are very appreciated by the beneficiaries and allow to reach several objectives within very short time. Besides, the CT must be rather considered as a tool/way to realize activities, and not as the fine of the action. Futures CT interventions should be designed in a long-term perspective, to strength their impact towards a systemic approach rather than sectorial. 16

THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION 17

THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION 17