Cadmium Regulated areas v Regulated areas are created

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Cadmium

Cadmium

Regulated areas v Regulated areas are created where employees are exposed to concentrations above

Regulated areas v Regulated areas are created where employees are exposed to concentrations above the PEL v Respirators are provided for employees who must access regulated areas 1 a

Regulated areas v You must wear respirators when required to do so v What

Regulated areas v You must wear respirators when required to do so v What job titles/functions are allowed access to restricted areas v Tour of regulated areas 1 b

Requirements v Substance safety data sheet (Appendix A) v Substance technical guidelines for cadmium

Requirements v Substance safety data sheet (Appendix A) v Substance technical guidelines for cadmium (Appendix B) 2 a

Requirements v Employers are required to control exposures to cadmium v Airborne concentrations must

Requirements v Employers are required to control exposures to cadmium v Airborne concentrations must not exceed the action level or PEL 2 b

Monitoring v Methods of detecting the presence or release of cadmium v Monitoring must

Monitoring v Methods of detecting the presence or release of cadmium v Monitoring must be made available for employees to observe 3 a

Monitoring v If monitoring shows exposure at or above the action level, monitoring must

Monitoring v If monitoring shows exposure at or above the action level, monitoring must be done: • at least every six months • when there are changes to personnel, processes, or controls v Lunchrooms are monitored and kept below the action level 3 b

Monitoring v Employees have a right to be notified in writing of monitoring results

Monitoring v Employees have a right to be notified in writing of monitoring results within 15 working days v Written notification must include corrective actions 3 c

Physical hazards v Flammable and explosive in powder form v Spontaneous combustion of dust

Physical hazards v Flammable and explosive in powder form v Spontaneous combustion of dust 4 b

Physical hazards v Sensitive to reaction with: • oxidizers • metals • hydrogen nitrite

Physical hazards v Sensitive to reaction with: • oxidizers • metals • hydrogen nitrite • zinc • selenium • sulfur dioxide • tellerium 4 c

Physical hazards v Fire hazard when exposed to these chemical/substances: • • oxidizers metals

Physical hazards v Fire hazard when exposed to these chemical/substances: • • oxidizers metals hydrogen nitrite zinc selenium sulfur dioxide tellerium 4 d

Physical hazards v Fight fire with: • dry sand • dry dolomite • dry

Physical hazards v Fight fire with: • dry sand • dry dolomite • dry graphite • sodium chloride v Do not use water, foam, carbon dioxide or Halons 4 e

Acute health hazards v Skin v Eye irritation v Inhalation 4 f

Acute health hazards v Skin v Eye irritation v Inhalation 4 f

Acute health hazards v Ingestion v Observable effects 4 g

Acute health hazards v Ingestion v Observable effects 4 g

Chronic health hazards v Carcinogen v Kidney damage v Respiratory damage 4 h

Chronic health hazards v Carcinogen v Kidney damage v Respiratory damage 4 h

Chronic health hazards v Reproductive health changes v Mutagenic v Tumorigenic 4 i

Chronic health hazards v Reproductive health changes v Mutagenic v Tumorigenic 4 i

Work practices v Engineering controls and work practices are primary methods of control v

Work practices v Engineering controls and work practices are primary methods of control v Do not shake, blow, or use any other means to clean clothing, that would cause cadmium to become airborne 5 a

Work practices v Rotation of work duties is not a valid method of compliance

Work practices v Rotation of work duties is not a valid method of compliance v Keep work surfaces free of cadmium v Clean up spills 5 b

Work practices v Use HEPA-filtered vacuuming methods v Compressed air for cleaning should be

Work practices v Use HEPA-filtered vacuuming methods v Compressed air for cleaning should be used only with proper ventilation 5 c

Work practices v Be aware of washing facilities v Respirators must be used where

Work practices v Be aware of washing facilities v Respirators must be used where required 5 d

Emergency procedures v Written emergency action plan v First aid measures • Eyes •

Emergency procedures v Written emergency action plan v First aid measures • Eyes • Skin • Inhalation • Ingestion 6 a

Emergency procedures v Emergency evacuation 6 b

Emergency procedures v Emergency evacuation 6 b

Emergency procedures v Cadmium metal dust is a fire hazard and reacts with: •

Emergency procedures v Cadmium metal dust is a fire hazard and reacts with: • oxidizers • acids • ammonia • selenium • sulpher dioxide 6 c

Personal protective equipment v Required for employees exposed above the PEL; or where skin

Personal protective equipment v Required for employees exposed above the PEL; or where skin or eye irritation is associated with exposure • Coveralls • Gloves, head coverings, and boots • Face shields, vented goggles 7 a

Personal protective equipment v Selection, inspection v Cleaning disposal use, limitations, and v Changing

Personal protective equipment v Selection, inspection v Cleaning disposal use, limitations, and v Changing rooms and storage 7 b

Personal protective equipment v Repair/replace equipment defective v Decontamination v Any employee whose clothing

Personal protective equipment v Repair/replace equipment defective v Decontamination v Any employee whose clothing is contaminated must immediately remove clothing and shower 7 c

Personal protective equipment v Washing contaminated clothing v Splashproof eye or dust-resistant goggles 7

Personal protective equipment v Washing contaminated clothing v Splashproof eye or dust-resistant goggles 7 d

Limitations of respirators v Respirators are a critical element of the training program v

Limitations of respirators v Respirators are a critical element of the training program v Employees respirators have a duty to wear v Proper selection, donning, doffing, use, limitations, decontamination and storage 8 a

Medical surveillance v Required for all employees who are, or may be exposed at

Medical surveillance v Required for all employees who are, or may be exposed at or above the action level v Medical examinations are thorough 9 a

Medical surveillance v Employees may be medically removed from duty if testing/monitoring detects ongoing

Medical surveillance v Employees may be medically removed from duty if testing/monitoring detects ongoing problems 9 b

Medical surveillance v Copies of physician’s written opinions v Records are retained for the

Medical surveillance v Copies of physician’s written opinions v Records are retained for the duration of employment plus 30 years 9 c

Medical surveillance v Examinations will be conducted: • within 30 days of assignment •

Medical surveillance v Examinations will be conducted: • within 30 days of assignment • at least annually • whenever an employee is exposed above the action level • following an exposure • whenever an employee shows signs/symptoms of exposure 9 d

Medical surveillance v Examinations will be conducted: • for a year after an employee

Medical surveillance v Examinations will be conducted: • for a year after an employee stops working with cadmium • at termination of employment v Examinations may be scheduled if biological monitoring detect high levels of cadmium 9 e

Labeling system v Post and maintain signs around regulated areas v Report faded or

Labeling system v Post and maintain signs around regulated areas v Report faded or missing signs 10 a

Labeling system v Labels are required on all containers similar to the following: 10

Labeling system v Labels are required on all containers similar to the following: 10 b

Copies of the standard v Copies of the standard are available to employees 11

Copies of the standard v Copies of the standard are available to employees 11 a