Burns Robert 1759 1796 Burns Robert Burns Robert

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Burns Robert (1759 -1796) � Burns, Robert (Burns, Robert) (1759 -1796), Scottish poet. He

Burns Robert (1759 -1796) � Burns, Robert (Burns, Robert) (1759 -1796), Scottish poet. He created original poetry, which praised the work of the people and freedom, disinterested and selfless love and friendship. Satirical antytserkovnыe poem "Two shepherd" (1784), "Prayer Svyatosha Willy" (1785), a collection of "poems, written mainly in the Scottish dialect" (1786), a patriotic anthem "Bruce - Scots" cantata "Jolly Beggars" civil and love poems (poem "The tree of liberty", "John Barley grain", etc. ), drinking songs. Collected and prepared for publication and poetic works of Scottish folk music, which is closely linked to his poetry.

� � � Born January 25, 1759 in Allouэe (county Er) in the family

� � � Born January 25, 1759 in Allouэe (county Er) in the family gardener and farmer-tenant William Burns and his wife - Agnes. The first of seven children. He received an excellent education through his father. Since childhood reading Bible Avhustyanskyh English poets (Pope, Edison, Swift and Steel) and Shakespeare. He began writing poetry when went to school and worked on the farm. Robert and his brother Gilbert two years went to school. In 1765 his father leased the farm of Mount Oliphant, and Robert rotten with 12 years as an adult worker nedoyidav and perenapryahal heart. He read everything that came to hand - from brochures to hroshovыh Shakespeare and Milton. At school, he heard only English, but from the mother and older workers and the same language brochures joined the Scottish ballads, songs and tales.

� � � In 1777 his father moved to a farm near Lohly Tarboltona,

� � � In 1777 his father moved to a farm near Lohly Tarboltona, and Robert began a new life. In Tarboltone he found a company like and it soon became sachem. In 1780, Burns and his friends organized a hilarious "Club of bachelors, " and in 1781 he joined the Masonic lodge. 13 February 1784 his father died, and the remaining money after Robert and Gilbert family moved to a farm near Mosshyl Mohlyna. Even earlier, in 1783, Robert began to write in a notebook his youthful poems and prose fairly vыsokoparnuyu. Contact a maid Betty Payton led to the birth of his daughter May 22, 1785. Local clerics took advantage of the opportunity and Burns penance imposed on her hire, but this did not prevent lay people laugh, reading lists went Fair and Holy Willie's Prayer Svyatosha

� � � In early 1784 Burns discovered poetry R. Ferguson and realized that

� � � In early 1784 Burns discovered poetry R. Ferguson and realized that Scots language is not otmyrayuschyy and barbarous dialect and is able to convey any poetic nuance - from salty satire to lyrical hobbies. He developed Ferguson tradition, especially in the genre of aphoristic epigrams. By 1785 Burns had already acquired some fame as the author of friendly messages vivid, dramatic monologues and satire.

� � � In 1785 Burns loved Gene Armor (1765 -1854), daughter mohlynskoho Dzh.

� � � In 1785 Burns loved Gene Armor (1765 -1854), daughter mohlynskoho Dzh. Armora contractor. Burns gave her a written "obligation" - a document by the Scottish law testified actual, albeit illegal marriage. However, Burns' reputation was so bad that broke Armor "Liabilities" in April 1786 and refused to take the poet in-law. Even to this humiliation Burns decided to emigrate to Jamaica. It is not true that he published his poems money to get in the way - the idea of this edition came to him later. Printed in Kylmarnoke poems mainly in the Scottish dialect (Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish

� � � In early 1784 Burns discovered poetry R. Ferguson and realized that

� � � In early 1784 Burns discovered poetry R. Ferguson and realized that Scots language is not otmyrayuschyy and barbarous dialect and is able to convey any poetic nuance - from salty satire to lyrical hobbies. He developed Ferguson tradition, especially in the genre of aphoristic epigrams. By 1785 Burns had already acquired some fame as the author of friendly messages vivid, dramatic monologues and satire. "Liabilities" in April 1786 and refused to take the poet in-law. Even to this humiliation Burns decided to emigrate to Jamaica. It is not true that he published his poems money to get in the way - the idea of this edition came to him later. Printed in Kylmarnoke poems mainly in the Scottish dialect (Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Edinburgh. Collected, processed and recorded about two hundred songs for the Scottish Music Society. Sam began to write songs. Glory came to Burns almost immediately. The noble gentlemen dissolved before him the doors of their houses.

� Burns returned in triumph Mohlyn 8 July 1787. Six months have not turned

� Burns returned in triumph Mohlyn 8 July 1787. Six months have not turned the glory of his head, but changed their attitude to him in the village. Armorы gladly accepted him, and he restored relationships with Jin. But Edinburgh maid Peggy Cameron, who gave birth to a child from Burns, filed a lawsuit against him, and he again went to Edinburgh.