Brexit means Brexit Divided UK Divided City Nancy

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Brexit means Brexit? Divided UK, Divided City Nancy Kelley Director, Policy Research Centre nancy.

Brexit means Brexit? Divided UK, Divided City Nancy Kelley Director, Policy Research Centre nancy. [email protected] ac. uk 20/9/2016

kind would of stories • What That there be a have narrowwe vote for

kind would of stories • What That there be a have narrowwe vote for been telling ‘remain’, andourselves? that London would (in large part) drive that outcome • That the vote for leave’ is a result of communities being left behind from 1980 s onwards, a reaction to our political culture and settlement, a statement about the impact of immigration on UK life and culture. 1 .

The politics of poverty 1.

The politics of poverty 1.

Party loyalties by income group 100 Lower income - Conservative 90 Higher income -

Party loyalties by income group 100 Lower income - Conservative 90 Higher income - Conservative Lower income - Labour 80 Higher income - Labour 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 3 . 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 0

Interest in politics by income group lower income 100 higher income 90 80 70

Interest in politics by income group lower income 100 higher income 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 4 . 2015 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 0

 • 4. Trust People in on politicians low incomesby are significantly income group

• 4. Trust People in on politicians low incomesby are significantly income group less likely to trust MP’s to put the best interests of the nation above their own interests. • They are also significantly less likely to trust their MPs to tell the truth. 5 .

3. Should Britain Leave the EU? 100 lower income - leave EU 90 higher

3. Should Britain Leave the EU? 100 lower income - leave EU 90 higher income - leave EU 80 lower income - stay but reduce EU power higher income - stay but reduce EU power 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 6 . 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 0

Is London really an island? 2.

Is London really an island? 2.

Maybe not… Over the last three years there was only one year (2013) in

Maybe not… Over the last three years there was only one year (2013) in which London appeared more pro-EU than other regions In both 2014 and 2015, there is no statistically significant difference between London and the rest of the UK when it comes to Britain’s membership of the EU So its not clear that the referendum outcome in London (59. 9% Remain) was driven by attitudes to the EU itself. 8

But…. 3.

But…. 3.

How much do you trust MPs to tell the truth? 38 Almost never 54

How much do you trust MPs to tell the truth? 38 Almost never 54 38 Only some of the time 38 23 Most of the time 7 1 Just about always 1 0 10 10 20 30 London 40 50 Other region 60

Immigration is good for Britain’s economy Inner london 43 Outer London 57 48 52

Immigration is good for Britain’s economy Inner london 43 Outer London 57 48 52 Other region 72 0 10 20 30 28 40 50 60 70 80 90 % Bad for Britain's economy, or neutral response 11 Good for Britain's economy 100

How much control do you have over the issues you care about? 12

How much control do you have over the issues you care about? 12

“I think, [there were] two Polish ladies looking and there was only, I don't

“I think, [there were] two Polish ladies looking and there was only, I don't know, two places, and Shelly never got a place because the two Polish kids got a place because they were nearer the school and that kind of did piss me off…. I was kind of like, well it sounds really awful, well I was kind of like ‘that’s not fair’”

“There’s no nativity plays now and I do think that's unfair, because obviously it

“There’s no nativity plays now and I do think that's unfair, because obviously it is a British country” “ “There’s no nativity plays now and I do think that's unfair, because obviously it is a British country”

Thank you If you want further information or would like to contact the author,

Thank you If you want further information or would like to contact the author, Nancy Kelley Director of Policy Research Centre T. 020 7000 7179 E. nancy. [email protected] ac. uk Visit us online, natcen. ac. uk