BONE TUMORS Bone tumors n Bone tumors are

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BONE TUMORS

BONE TUMORS

Bone tumors n Bone tumors are classified into: q q n Primary bone tumors

Bone tumors n Bone tumors are classified into: q q n Primary bone tumors Secondary bone tumors ( Metastasis) Most are classified according to the normal cell of origin and apparent pattern of differentiation

Bone tumors n n n Bone-forming tumors Cartilage-forming tumors Miscellaneous tumors Hematopoietic tumors Fibrous

Bone tumors n n n Bone-forming tumors Cartilage-forming tumors Miscellaneous tumors Hematopoietic tumors Fibrous tumors

Primary Bone Tumors Bone-Forming tumors q Osteoma q Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma q Osteosarcoma

Primary Bone Tumors Bone-Forming tumors q Osteoma q Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma q Osteosarcoma Cartilage-Forming tumors q Chondroma (Enchondroma) q Osteochondroma q Chondrosarcoma Miscellaneous tumors − Ewing’s sarcoma q Giant cell tumor of bone

n Bone-Forming Tumors

n Bone-Forming Tumors

Osteoma n n n Osteoma are benign lesions of bone that in many cases

Osteoma n n n Osteoma are benign lesions of bone that in many cases represent developmental aberrations or reactive growths rather than true neoplasms. Site; Age; Gross: Histology:

Osteosarcoma n Osteosarcoma is a bone-producing malignant mesenchymal tumor.

Osteosarcoma n Osteosarcoma is a bone-producing malignant mesenchymal tumor.

Osteosarcoma n Incidence: Age: Sex: n Site : n n

Osteosarcoma n Incidence: Age: Sex: n Site : n n

Osteosarcoma Distribution

Osteosarcoma Distribution

Osteosarcoma Radiograph

Osteosarcoma Radiograph

Osteosarcoma Gross features

Osteosarcoma Gross features

Bone-Forming tumors; Tumor Type Locations Age Morphology Osteoma Facial bones, skull 40 -50 Exophytic

Bone-Forming tumors; Tumor Type Locations Age Morphology Osteoma Facial bones, skull 40 -50 Exophytic growths attached to bone surface; histologically resemble normal bon Osteoid osteoma Metaphysis of femur and tibia 10 -20 Cortical tumors, characterized by pain; histologically interlacing trabeculae of woven bone Osteoblastoma Vertebral column 10 -20 vertebral processes; histologically similar to osteoid osteoma Primary Metaphysis of distal femur, proximal tibia, and humerus 10 -20 Grow outward, lifting periosteum, and inward to the medullary cavity; microscopically malignant cells form osteoid. Femur, humerus, pelvis >40 Complications of polyostotic Paget disease; histologically similar to primary osteosarcoma BENIGN MALIGNANT osteosarcoma Secondary osteosarcoma

Cartilage -Forming Tumors

Cartilage -Forming Tumors

Osteochondroma Morphology • Osteochondromas are mushroom shaped and range in size from 1 to

Osteochondroma Morphology • Osteochondromas are mushroom shaped and range in size from 1 to 20 cm. • The outer layer of the head of the osteochondroma is composed of benign hyaline cartilage varying in thickness • Newly formed bone forms the inner portion of the head and stalk, with the stalk cortex merging with the cortex of the host bone.

Osteochondroma (exostosis) Gross

Osteochondroma (exostosis) Gross

Osteochondroma (exostosis) Microscopic The cap is benign hyaline cartilage, resembling disorganized growth plate undergoing

Osteochondroma (exostosis) Microscopic The cap is benign hyaline cartilage, resembling disorganized growth plate undergoing endochondral ossification. Newly formed bone forms the inner portion of the head and stalk

n Chondrosarcoma n. Chondrosarcomas comprise a variety of tumors sharing the ability to produce

n Chondrosarcoma n. Chondrosarcomas comprise a variety of tumors sharing the ability to produce neoplastic cartilage

Chondrosarcoma Gross features n SITE; n pelvis, n shoulder, n ribs. n rarely involve

Chondrosarcoma Gross features n SITE; n pelvis, n shoulder, n ribs. n rarely involve the distal extremities.

Chondrosarcoma Microscopic n. These tumors are composed of lobules of cartilage with anaplastic chondrocytes

Chondrosarcoma Microscopic n. These tumors are composed of lobules of cartilage with anaplastic chondrocytes in the lacunae and with focal enchondral ossification and calcification.

Cartilage-forming Tumors; Tumor Type BENIGN Osteochondroma Chondrosarcoma MALIGNANT Locations Age Morphology Metaphysis of long

Cartilage-forming Tumors; Tumor Type BENIGN Osteochondroma Chondrosarcoma MALIGNANT Locations Age Morphology Metaphysis of long tubular bones 10 -30 Bony excrescences with a cartilaginous cap; may be solitary or multiple and hereditary Small bones of hands and feet 30 -50 Well-circumscribed single tumors resembling normal cartilage; arise with medullary cavity of bone; uncommonly multiple and hereditary Bones of shoulder, pelvis, proximal femur, and ribs 40 -60 Arise within medullary cavity and erode cortex; microscopically well differentiated cartilage-like or anaplastic

Giant Cell Tumor n This is a neoplasm that contains large numbers of osteoclast

Giant Cell Tumor n This is a neoplasm that contains large numbers of osteoclast like giant cells admixed with mononuclear cells. n These tumors are slightly more common in females.

Giant Cell Tumor Gross

Giant Cell Tumor Gross

Giant Cell Tumor Microscopic

Giant Cell Tumor Microscopic

METASTATIC BONE TUMORS n Metastatic tumors are the most common malignant tumor of bone.

METASTATIC BONE TUMORS n Metastatic tumors are the most common malignant tumor of bone. n Pathways of spread: n Origin: The radiologic appearance of metastases n