Body Works Human Body Systems Unit Notes schmied

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Body Works – Human Body Systems Unit Notes schmied 2014

Body Works – Human Body Systems Unit Notes schmied 2014

BODY WORKS - UNIT GOALS 1. Systems a. I can show and explain how

BODY WORKS - UNIT GOALS 1. Systems a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together. b. I am able to show, describe and explain how the subsystems in each key body system (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work to allow the key system to function properly. 2. Human Lifestyle I can explain how lifestyle choices & our environment affect parts of the human body. (focus Obesity, Fast Food & Diabetes and Asthma) 3. Experiment I can plan, conduct and properly write up a controlled experiment. schmied 2014

SYSTEMS AND SUBSYSTEMS GOAL 1 Know the functions of the 3 Key “Gateway” Body

SYSTEMS AND SUBSYSTEMS GOAL 1 Know the functions of the 3 Key “Gateway” Body Systems 1 a. Explain the services each system provides to the others Tell the services each system gets from the others 1 b. Know the subsystems within each key system Tell the order of each subsystem in that system Know the function of each subsystem in that system schmied 2014

MULTI LEVEL THINKING RESPONSES Multi level responses are responses that take an explanation to

MULTI LEVEL THINKING RESPONSES Multi level responses are responses that take an explanation to its furthest logical point. Example: How will exercising regularly affect your heart 3 different rate? levels of 1. Initially your heart rate increases during response exercise 2. Over time exercise makes your heart both bigger & stronger, pumping more blood with each beat (The exercise also stimulates production of new blood vessels. ) 3. As a result, the heart will be more efficient and the heart rate will decrease both during exercise and after exercise schmied 2014

BODY SYSTEMS & FUNCTIONS schmied 2014

BODY SYSTEMS & FUNCTIONS schmied 2014

10 BODY SYSTEMS WITH SOME FUNCTIONS (NO INTEGUMENTARY) schmied 2014

10 BODY SYSTEMS WITH SOME FUNCTIONS (NO INTEGUMENTARY) schmied 2014

WHAT DO THE DIGESTIVE, RESPIRATORY & CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS DO? Digestive system Respiratory System Circulatory

WHAT DO THE DIGESTIVE, RESPIRATORY & CIRCULATORY SYSTEMS DO? Digestive system Respiratory System Circulatory System What this system does: Breaks down food Releases nutrients (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins &water) to body so all cells get energy & other nutrients to function properly Removes some wastes & toxins Provides O 2 for digestive system cells Gives off CO 2 that is transferred by the circulatory system from all body cells Transports O 2 to & CO 2 from cells (Respiration) Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition) Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal Key part of immune system schmied 2014

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & RESPIRATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & RESPIRATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together. system Digestive Respiratory System Provides these services for the Respiratory system Digestive system Breaks down food Converts food into nutrients Provides O 2 for digestive (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins and water) system cells Exhausts CO 2 from cells of digestive system (transferred via circulatory system) Releases nutrients for Respiratory system (via circulatory system) so all cells get energy and other nutrients to function properly Removes some wastes & toxins schmied 2014

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & CIRCULATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & CIRCULATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together. Digestive System Provides these things for the Circulatory System Breaks down food Circulatory System Goods and Services for Digestive system Transport O 2 to & CO 2 from Converts food into nutrients Provides nutrients to (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins & water) Circulatory system so all cells get energy & other nutrients to function properly Removes some wastes & toxins cells (Respiration) Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition) Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal Key part of immune system schmied 2014

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key

SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY 1 a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together Circulatory system Respiratory System Goods and Services for Respiratory system Circulatory system Transport O 2 to & CO 2 from cells (Respiration) Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition) Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal Key part of immune system Provides O 2 for circulatory system cells Exhausts CO 2 from cells of the circulatory system schmied 2014

Goal 1 a - I can show and explain how key human body systems

Goal 1 a - I can show and explain how key human body systems work (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) together. O 2 + Nutrients Circulatory CO 2 Wastes + Toxins CO 2 + Nu W tri en ts as te s+ O 2 To + W xin as Nut s rie te s+ nt s T Central System ox ins Digestive Respiratory Open System Be able to create, show & explain the interconnections for these 3 systems schmied 2014

Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return

Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return to see the answer. . Goal 1 b - I am able to show, describe & explain how the subsystems of the Digestive system work to allow this system to function properly schmied 2014

Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return

Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return to see the answer. Goal 1 b - I am able to show, describe & explain how the subsystems of the Digestive system work to allow this system to function properly Tear, rip and grind food = Mechanical breakdown Chemicals in saliva begin the Chemical breakdown of food Muscles contract to help food reach stomach Muscles in stomach help mix food = mechanical breakdown Hydrochloric Acid continue chemical breakdown = MUCUS! Completes process of chemical breakdown Absorbs nutrients – go to circulatory system! surface _area Produces chemical to reduce acid level Produces chemicals to help breakdown proteins & fats Breaks down alcohol and some medicines Processes nutrients into forms that are easier for the rest of your body to use. Produces Bile = Chem Breakdown Carbohydrates converts into sugars villi of the small intestine Circulatory systems in the blood all parts of body - cells blood Excretes liquid wastes and dissolved toxins Absorbs… water and some vitamins Time to go through? 18 -24 hours schmied 2014 Stores solid waste Solid waste pushed out here!

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY A. Obesity Know the causes of obesity Understand the trends in obesity over time Be able to explain how obesity affects the three key human body systems Resource: See Obesity in America schmied 2014

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY B. Fast Food & Diabetes Know the effects of a fast food diet on key human body systems. Resource: See Fast Food and Diabetes AND Know what diabetes is See Obesity in America Know what cardiovascular disease is and how it affect key systems. schmied 2014

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT

GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY C. Asthma Know how asthma occurs and how asthma affects key body systems Know suspected Resource: Asthma & the Puget Sound Environment causes of asthma. Be able to explain what environmental factors trigger asthma attacks. schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY A. Subsystems of the Circulatory System Know the name of each subsystem of the Circulatory System Know what each subsystem does Know what each subsystem brings Is Does, Brings B. Subsystems of the Heart subsystem Know the name of each subsystem within the heart Know what each subsystem does Know what each subsystem “brings” schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Things to Know – General Subsystems of the Circulatory System – Is, Does, Brings Name What does it do? What does it bring? Heart Pumps blood to lungs & body. • O 2 rich blood to body CO 2 rich blood to lungs Arteries Brings blood to the body from heart • • O 2 rich blood to body CO 2 rich blood to lungs Capillaries Brings supplies to & from every body cell Veins Brings blood to the heart from body • • O 2 and Nutrients to cells CO 2 & Wastes from cells CO 2 rich blood to heart O 2 rich blood from lungs to heart schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Follow the blood flow through subsystems in the Circulatory System – (In order from left side of heart) Structure Function Left side of Heart Pumps O 2 rich blood to body Arteries Brings O 2 rich blood to the body from heart O 2 and Nutrients to cells Capillaries CO 2 & Wastes from cells Veins Brings CO 2 rich blood to the right side of the heart from body Right side of Heart CO 2 rich blood to lungs via Pul. Artery Pulmonary Artery CO 2 rich blood to lungs fm right side heart Pulmonary Vein O 2 rich blood to left side heart fm lungs schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Things to know Be able to: Know where the valves are located, What the valves do, What would happen if the valves weren’t working properly schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Things to know Be able to: Track the blood flow from the body, through the heart, to the lungs & back Show which areas have O 2 rich blood Show which areas have CO 2 rich blood schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Things to know Be able to: Track the blood flow from the body, through the heart, to the lungs & back Show which areas have O 2 rich blood Show which areas have CO 2 rich blood schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Be able to: • tell subsystems in order • what each subsystem does http: //www. pc. maricopa. edu/Biology/pfinkenstadt/BIO 202/202 Lesson. Builde r/Respiratory/alveoli. jpg Respiratory schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Know the Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Data Table 2 – Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Structure Nose & Mouth Trachea Lungs Bronchioles Alveoli schmied 2013 Function – Tell what each organ does!

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Know the Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Data Table 2 – Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Structure Function – Tell what each organ does! Nose & Mouth Filters & Warms incoming air/O 2, breathe out CO 2 & H 20 Trachea Takes in, filters, warms and exhausts air from the lungs Lungs Covers Bronchioles and Alveoli Bronchioles Spreads air out to every part of the lungs. Alveoli 1. Take in, then exhaust, CO 2 from blood (capillaries) 2. Gives O 2 to blood cells (capillaries) schmied 2014

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Be able • to tell how & where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the lungs • as well as where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the body • also where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body … As well as what would happen if one of the subsystems no longer functioned schmied 2013 http: //ykonline. yksd. com/distanceedcourses/Courses/Biology/le ssons/Third. Quarter. Lessons/Chapter 08/8 -3/images/alveolus. gif

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE

GOAL 1 B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Be able • to tell how & where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the lungs • where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the body & where flow • where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body … As well as what would happen if one of the subsystems no longer functioned schmied 2013

Basics of how matter is transported to & used by cells FROM ARTERY HEART,

Basics of how matter is transported to & used by cells FROM ARTERY HEART, LUNGS & MOUTH FROM SMALL INTESTINE O 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 MITOCHONDRIA GLUCOSE O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6 CHEMICAL REACTION INSULIN ENERGY! CO 2 + H 2 O + Waste An Animal Cell H 2 O CO 2 Kidneys Vein to Heart, Lungs Mouth schmied 2014 CAPILLARY WALL

Goal 1 a - I can show and explain how key human body systems

Goal 1 a - I can show and explain how key human body systems work (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) together. Be able to show • Nutrients (food) • Wastes • CO 2 & O 2 • & Energy flow in and out of the body using a Systems Diagram. schmied 2013