Body Planes Directions and Cavities Body Planes Imaginary

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Body Planes, Directions, and Cavities

Body Planes, Directions, and Cavities

Body Planes • Imaginary lines drawn through the body to separate the body into

Body Planes • Imaginary lines drawn through the body to separate the body into sections

Transverse Plane • A horizontal plane dividing the body into a top and bottom

Transverse Plane • A horizontal plane dividing the body into a top and bottom half – Superior = body parts above others – Inferior = body parts below others

Median/(Mid)Sagittal Plane • Divides the body into right and left sides – Medial =

Median/(Mid)Sagittal Plane • Divides the body into right and left sides – Medial = body parts located near the middle/midline of the body – Lateral = body parts located away from the middle/midline of the body

Frontal/Coronal Plane • Divides the body into front and back sections – Anterior (Ventral)

Frontal/Coronal Plane • Divides the body into front and back sections – Anterior (Ventral) = body parts on the front of the body – Posterior (Dorsal) = body parts on the back of the body

Additional Directional Terms: • Superficial = towards the surface • Deep = internal •

Additional Directional Terms: • Superficial = towards the surface • Deep = internal • Proximal = body parts closer to the point of reference (where the limb joins the body) • Distal = body parts farther from the point of reference (where the limb joins the body) – **Proximal and distal are only used when referring to the limbs**

Body Cavities • Spaces within the body which contain vital organs • Dorsal Body

Body Cavities • Spaces within the body which contain vital organs • Dorsal Body Cavity – Cranial cavity – Spinal cavity • Ventral Body Cavity – Thoracic cavity – Diaphragm—dome-shaped muscle that aids in breathing and separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities – Abdominopelvic cavity

Dorsal Body Cavity • Cranial Cavity – Contains the brain • Spinal Cavity –

Dorsal Body Cavity • Cranial Cavity – Contains the brain • Spinal Cavity – Contains the spinal cord

Ventral Body Cavity • Thoracic Cavity – Pleural cavity = contains the lungs –

Ventral Body Cavity • Thoracic Cavity – Pleural cavity = contains the lungs – Pericardial cavity = contains the heart – Mediastinum = central region that separates the lungs sits between the sternum and the vertebral column

Ventral Body Cavity (ctd. ) • Abdominopelvic cavity – Abdominal cavity = upper part;

Ventral Body Cavity (ctd. ) • Abdominopelvic cavity – Abdominal cavity = upper part; contains the stomach, small intestines, most of the large intestines (except colon and rectum), liver, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen – Pelvic cavity = lower part; contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine (colon and rectum)

Abdominal Regions and Quadrants

Abdominal Regions and Quadrants