BLOOD BLOOD TESTING BLOOD CELLS Erythrocyte RBC Stacking

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BLOOD & BLOOD TESTING

BLOOD & BLOOD TESTING

BLOOD CELLS

BLOOD CELLS

Erythrocyte (RBC) Stacking allows for passage through narrow blood vessels

Erythrocyte (RBC) Stacking allows for passage through narrow blood vessels

Leukocyte (WBC) Have a nucleus Fight disease Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils Monocytes/Macrophage Lymphocyte

Leukocyte (WBC) Have a nucleus Fight disease Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils Monocytes/Macrophage Lymphocyte

Granulocyte This is a cell that shows granules (spots) after staining Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils

Granulocyte This is a cell that shows granules (spots) after staining Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils

WBC Granulocyte: Neutrophil

WBC Granulocyte: Neutrophil

WBC Granulocyte: Eosinophil Appears darker or more red than neutrophils due to larger granules

WBC Granulocyte: Eosinophil Appears darker or more red than neutrophils due to larger granules

WBC Granulocyte: Basophil

WBC Granulocyte: Basophil

Agranulocyte This is a cell without granules Monocytes /Macrophages Lymphocytes

Agranulocyte This is a cell without granules Monocytes /Macrophages Lymphocytes

WBC Agranulocyte: Monocyte (Macrophage) Nucleus can appear as several different shapes - Remember: No

WBC Agranulocyte: Monocyte (Macrophage) Nucleus can appear as several different shapes - Remember: No granules make cytoplasm much lighter than granulated WBC

WBC Agranulocyte: Lymphocyte Relatively similar size as RBC Very little cytoplasm visible due to

WBC Agranulocyte: Lymphocyte Relatively similar size as RBC Very little cytoplasm visible due to size of nucleus

Platelets (Thrombocytes) Platelets can appear in clusters or singular

Platelets (Thrombocytes) Platelets can appear in clusters or singular

Comparison of all cells together Platelet Erythrocyte Eosinophil Neutrophil Basophil Lymphocyte Monocyte

Comparison of all cells together Platelet Erythrocyte Eosinophil Neutrophil Basophil Lymphocyte Monocyte

Hematocrit – Packed cell volume (PCV) Percentage of erythrocytes in the blood

Hematocrit – Packed cell volume (PCV) Percentage of erythrocytes in the blood

Differential White Blood Cell Count (DIFF) WBC DIFF A test where the first 100

Differential White Blood Cell Count (DIFF) WBC DIFF A test where the first 100 WBCs are categorized according to type. This number can then be compared to normal % to determine type of illness.

Tallquist hemoglobin test Measures the amount of hemoglobin in the blood to help determine

Tallquist hemoglobin test Measures the amount of hemoglobin in the blood to help determine anemia

Blood Typing

Blood Typing

Antigens Antigen No Antigens Located on the erythrocytes Determines blood type

Antigens Antigen No Antigens Located on the erythrocytes Determines blood type

Antibodies Identifies a specific antigen located on the erythrocytes

Antibodies Identifies a specific antigen located on the erythrocytes

Agglutination � Clumping that occurs when antibodies join to antigens

Agglutination � Clumping that occurs when antibodies join to antigens

ABO system

ABO system

Rh antigen

Rh antigen