BIG question is aggression human nature psychlotron org

  • Slides: 11
Download presentation
BIG question: is aggression human nature? psychlotron. org. uk

BIG question: is aggression human nature? psychlotron. org. uk

Biological Psychology Evolution and aggression psychlotron. org. uk

Biological Psychology Evolution and aggression psychlotron. org. uk

Aggression is behaviour intended to cause harm (physical or psychological) to others. ● Hostile

Aggression is behaviour intended to cause harm (physical or psychological) to others. ● Hostile aggression - the goal is to hurt others. ● Instrumental aggression - hurting others is a way of pursuing another goal. Look at these examples: which is which? psychlotron. org. uk

Biopsychology and aggression Is aggression the result of evolution? Is aggression caused by particular

Biopsychology and aggression Is aggression the result of evolution? Is aggression caused by particular brain structures? Do hormones cause aggression? Does violent crime have biological causes? How else, apart from using biological theory, can psychologists explain aggression? psychlotron. org. uk

Evolutionary theory I put 8 of each type of sweet in the bowl. What

Evolutionary theory I put 8 of each type of sweet in the bowl. What is left? psychlotron. org. uk

Analogies help us deepen our understanding of things. Write an explanation of how our

Analogies help us deepen our understanding of things. Write an explanation of how our bowl of sweets can be used as an analogy for evolution by natural selection. Match up as many features as you can. psychlotron. org. uk

How can a behaviour evolve in a population? We assume: GENES → NERVOUS SYSTEM

How can a behaviour evolve in a population? We assume: GENES → NERVOUS SYSTEM → BEHAVIOUR There also needs to be: Assortative mating, to mix up the genes in the population. Selection pressure, so some are more likely to survive than others. psychlotron. org. uk

How could aggression be an evolved behaviour? Selection pressures - environmental factors that affect

How could aggression be an evolved behaviour? Selection pressures - environmental factors that affect mortality or fertility. ● Existence of predators - aggressive individuals better at fighting them off. ● Scarcity of food - aggressive individuals secure more for self and offspring. ● Competition for mates - aggressive individuals secure and defend mates successfully. Each selection pressure makes people with ‘aggression genes’ more likely to survive and reproduce. The ‘aggression genes’ proliferate in the population. psychlotron. org. uk

Selection pressures could also limit aggression Why might too much aggression be (evolutionarily) a

Selection pressures could also limit aggression Why might too much aggression be (evolutionarily) a bad thing? psychlotron. org. uk

Transfer problem How could evolution by natural selection explain why so many people have

Transfer problem How could evolution by natural selection explain why so many people have a FEAR OF SPIDERS? psychlotron. org. uk

Socrative quiz psychlotron. org. uk

Socrative quiz psychlotron. org. uk