- Slides: 23
Big in Brazil Miguel Ángel López Latin American Studies 2017
Portugal - Spain
Treaties Treaty of Alcáçovas 1479 1481 Inter caetera 1493 Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 Portugal. Treaty of Zaragoza 1529 Portugal: Azores, Madeira, Cape Verde Castilla: Canary Islands Portugal: South Canary Islands Africa Pope Alexander VI World: Western part exclusive to Spain and the east part to Asia
Treaty of Tordesillas
Portugal- Vasco da Gama
Spanish Empire (+ Iberian Union 1581 -1640)
King Manuel I of Portugal. An expedition to India. 13 ships left on March 9, 1500, following the route of Vasco da Gama. On April 22, 1500, he sighted land (Brazil), claiming it for Portugal and naming it the "Island of the True Cross. “ Brazil (pau brasil) Cabral stayed in Brazil for 10 days and then continued on his way to India
Pedro Álvares Cabral
Pedro Álvares Cabral 22. 4. 1500
Pau Brasil (Brazilwood)
SUGAR CANE Portuguese cultivate sugar on the east coast of Brazil. Growing number of sugar plantations demanded more workers. Amerindian population had become smaller. Labor shortage import slaves from Africa into Brazil to work on the plantations.
Maroons QUILOMBOS Maroons = escaped slaves Formed communities like those they were forced to leave in Africa Quilombos Famous one: Palmares (1/2 1600) fought off several attempts by Portuguese and Dutch colonizers to destroy it. http: //www. quilombocountry. com/ http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Vj 8 l. P-yg 04 U&feature=related BAHIA
Tiradentes (1746 - 21. 4. 1792) José Joaquim da Silva Xavier
Branqueamento Brazil one of the last countries to end the slave trade and slavery. The Brazilian economy depended on African slave labor. 1850: Brazil abolished the trade in slaves in 1850 1888: All slaves in Brazil were set free. Racial discrimination. Branqueamento = Whitening to make the people of Brazil more white, and less black. Brazil did not allow non-Europeans into the country. Cultural branqueamento.
Decline of the sugar industry in the 17 th century Portuguese colonizers operating on the coast of Brazil go inland they found gold and diamonds Photo: Sebastiao Salgado, 1986 Gold Mine of Serra Pelada, Federal State of Para.
Cattle & Coffee
ECONOMY, PERIODS 1. timber (Pau Brasil) in the first years of colonization 2. sugarcane in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries 3. precious metals (gold) and gems (diamonds) in the eighteenth century; 4. coffee and cattle in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. 5. land rich in natural resources principally iron ore, bauxite, manganese, nickel, uranium, gold, gemstones, oil, and timber. A case: Soybean
The Sambadrome (Sambódromo)