Bible Basics Old Testament History Old Testament History

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Bible Basics Old Testament History

Bible Basics Old Testament History

Old Testament History § § § § Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel

Old Testament History § § § § Joshua Judges Ruth 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 2 Kings 1 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther These books chronologically goes from the leadership of Joshua through the Babylonian Exile

What’s in there? § § § § The Crossing of the Jordan Samson &

What’s in there? § § § § The Crossing of the Jordan Samson & Delilah Israel’s first King, Saul King David King Solomon The building of the Temple The return from Exile

Joshua § Joshua is named for Moses’ successor § He leads Israel into the

Joshua § Joshua is named for Moses’ successor § He leads Israel into the promised land after God performs a miracle in the crossing of the Jordan River; this is a major turning point in Israel’s history § This book also contains the account of the battle of Jericho, in which Israel triumphs over this Canaanite city. It is still a city on the West Bank of Palestine

Judges § Following Joshua’s leadership, Judges recounts the time period when Israel had no

Judges § Following Joshua’s leadership, Judges recounts the time period when Israel had no central leader § Each Judge emerged as a leader in different crises § Samson is probably the best known of the Judges

Ruth § Ruth has the account of the greatgrandmother of King David. § She

Ruth § Ruth has the account of the greatgrandmother of King David. § She is a daughter-in-law of Naomi who is a Moabite (significant because Moab was one of the constant enemies of Israel)

1 st and 2 nd Samuel § Samuel is a prophet who is set

1 st and 2 nd Samuel § Samuel is a prophet who is set apart by God at an early age § He anointed Saul as the first King of Israel § Later, he picked David to be Saul’s successor § 1 Samuel accounts Samuel’s life, Saul’s reign, and David’s appointment as King § 2 Samuel accounts David’s reign and life

1 st and 2 nd Kings § 1 st and 2 nd Kings chronicle

1 st and 2 nd Kings § 1 st and 2 nd Kings chronicle the reigns of the Kings of Israel from Solomon to Josiah § Solomon was the son of David who built the temple and wrote much of Proverbs, Song of Solomon, and Ecclesiastes § Throughout the course of Israel’s history, the kings acted wickedly or righteously and were punished or restored based on this behavior

1 st and 2 nd Chronicles § Chronicles are a “recap” of Old Testament

1 st and 2 nd Chronicles § Chronicles are a “recap” of Old Testament history…the start from Adam to David, and the reign of Saul to the Babylonian Exile § It is traditionally thought that Ezra wrote these books, although we are not certain § The Chronicles serve as a supplement to the previous books of 1 st & 2 nd Samuel, and 1 st and 2 nd Kings.

Ezra § Ezra recounts the events that led up to the return from Babylonian

Ezra § Ezra recounts the events that led up to the return from Babylonian Exile § Ezra also sees the rebuilding of the Temple

Nehemiah § Nehemiah, like Ezra, tells of the transition from Babylonian exile to the

Nehemiah § Nehemiah, like Ezra, tells of the transition from Babylonian exile to the rebuilding of the temple § He is a “cupbearer” to a Persian King, Artaxerxes § He is allowed to return to Jerusalem, and joins with Ezra in rebuilding the temple

Esther § Esther contains the account of the queen of Persia who is an

Esther § Esther contains the account of the queen of Persia who is an Israelite § She is in the court of Xerxes, a Persian King during the time after the Babylonian Exile § She is placed in this position of influence because the King is replacing his queen § She plays an instrumental role in protecting the Persian Jews from extermination

What else can we say about Old Testament History? § The promised land David

What else can we say about Old Testament History? § The promised land David are important shadows of the eternal King, Jesus and our eternal “promised land”. § Understanding Israel’s history helps us to understand how Israel’s longing for a deliverer would lead to their reaction to Jesus § The fall of Israel to it’s enemies and it’s deliverance from them is important in our understanding of God’s eternal love and chastisement of His people

1. Othniel (3: 7 -11) a. brother of Caleb b. defeated the Arameans; the

1. Othniel (3: 7 -11) a. brother of Caleb b. defeated the Arameans; the spirit of the Lord was on him 2. Ehud (3: 12 -30) a. left-handed b. killed Eglon, king of Moab, by trickery 3. Shamgar (3: 31, 5: 6) a. fought against the Philistines 4. Deborah (4 -5) a. woman tribal leader, both military and legal b. campaigned against Sisera, Canaanite general under Jabin, the King of Hazo c. Barak was military leader under Deborah d. Jael, a Kenite woman, killed Sisera as he fled 5. Gideon (6 -8) a. came from a family of Baal worshippers b. afraid to trust God, portrayed as an arrogant coward c. God gave him a plan to defeat the Midianites d. ended up worshipping Baal 6. Abimelech (9) a. not a judge, attempted to make himself king but failed 7. Minor Judges: Tola and Jair (10: 1 -5) 8. Jephthah (10: 6 -12: 7) a. illegitimate child an outcast b. fought against the Ammonites c. made a rash vow that led to the sacrifice of his only child 1. 9. Minor Judges: Ibzan, Elon, Abdon (12: 8 -15) 10. Samson (13 -16) a. born to a barren woman by promise b. was a Nazarite, but broke his vows c. was a womanizer and a drunk d. God helped him bring relief from the Philistines e. his fatal attraction to Delilah