Bible Authority Bible Origins Bible Authority Bible Origins

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Bible Authority Bible Origins

Bible Authority Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Some questions: • What is the Bible? • Where

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Some questions: • What is the Bible? • Where did the Bible come from? • How did we get the Bible? • Was and is the Bible accurately translated? • Which translation is best? • Isn’t King James the only “real” Bible?

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • The Bible come from God! – It is

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • The Bible come from God! – It is His word • His communication to man – Written by man, inspired by God 2 Timothy 3: 16, 17 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works (KJV)

Bible Authority – Bible Origins – Written by man, inspired by God 2 Peter

Bible Authority – Bible Origins – Written by man, inspired by God 2 Peter 1: 20 -21 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time� by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. (KJV) – Written for man, defined by God Hebrews 4: 12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. (KJV)

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Bible stats – 66 books spanning 1600 years •

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Bible stats – 66 books spanning 1600 years • 1500 BC to 100 AD • 40 kings, prophets, leaders, disciples – Old Testament • 39 books, 1500 BC to 400 BC • Written primarily in Hebrew w/ some Aramaic – New Testament • 27 books, 45 AD to 100 AD • Written in Greek

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • Original Bible – Original manuscripts written on stone,

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • Original Bible – Original manuscripts written on stone, clay tablets, cured leather until 400 BC

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First copies – New Testament text written on papyrus

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First copies – New Testament text written on papyrus – Copies of the original writings were put onto scrolls of leather and papyrus around 1 AD

Bible Authority – Bible Origins – Canonization • Process of applied criteria validating the

Bible Authority – Bible Origins – Canonization • Process of applied criteria validating the source, purpose, and divine inspiration • Council consisted of rabbis, early church leaders 300 – 400 AD – Copying • Hand copied prior to 1455 by scribes • Extremely accurate methods and regimented processes • 1455 Gutenberg press printed its 1 st book in Germany – the Latin Bible (Vulgate)

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First Translations – The very first translations were Coptic

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First Translations – The very first translations were Coptic (Egyptian) and Syriac from 200 -300 AD

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Original Latin – Translated to Latin – Jerome 410

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Original Latin – Translated to Latin – Jerome 410 -435 AD (Vulgate) – the standard for nearly 1000 yrs

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First English Bibles – Finally translated into more common

Bible Authority – Bible Origins First English Bibles – Finally translated into more common languages from 1380 to 1611 (Wycliffe – King James).

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – Early copies are found predating

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – Early copies are found predating the ancient copies from which the Vulgate was translated in 1629 to 1947 • Codex Alexandrinus (425 AD) discovered in 1629 • Codex Sinaiticus (350 AD) discovered in early 1700’s near Sinai • Codex Vaticanus (325 AD) discovered in 1889 • Dead Sea Scrolls (300 BC) discovered in 1947

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1382 John Wycliffe translates the

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1382 John Wycliffe translates the Vulgate into English – the 1 st English Bible – 1522 Martin Luther translates the Bible into German – 1525 William Tyndale translates the original Greek & Hebrew into English which becomes the basis for the KJV

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1539 The Great Bible or

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1539 The Great Bible or “Chained Bible” is placed in every church – 1611 King James Version translated by 54 scholars using the Tyndale, Geneva, and original Greek & Hebrew (Textus Receptus or “majority text” established by Erasmus)

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1881 Revised version is made

Bible Authority – Bible Origins of Modern Translations – 1881 Revised version is made using the Codex Alexandrinus and KJV – 1901 American Standard is modernized from the KJV after the release of the Codex Vaticanus and the Codex Alexandrinus – Based on the Dead Sea Scrolls, some additional newly discovered documents and the Codex version (“minority texts”), we have numerous modern translations and paraphrases

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • Translations – Word-for-word – formal word definition between

Bible Authority – Bible Origins • Translations – Word-for-word – formal word definition between languages – Thought-for-thought – original intent maintained but not exact wording • Paraphrase – Thought is summarized or reworded based on author’s interpretation

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Why are there so many translations? • Language and

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Why are there so many translations? • Language and words change • Understanding of ancient languages improves • Different purposes • KJV – to clarify differences for Protestants from earlier translations • NLT – easy to read modern version • AMP – add meaning to key words • NIV – modern translation to satisfy many denominations • Message – paraphrase the original language into modern common English

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Which is best? • Trouble with some translations •

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Which is best? • Trouble with some translations • Original Greek basis – Byzantine – Alexandrian – Nestle-Aland (mix) for which most modern translations are based • Determination of “reliability” • Influence of other teachings • Use and purpose

Bible Authority – Bible Origins A small comparison • • • Matt 18: 11

Bible Authority – Bible Origins A small comparison • • • Matt 18: 11 Eph 3: 9 Mark 2: 17 Acts 8: 37 Rev 11: 17 KJV 11 For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost. NLT Amp 11 For the Son of man came to save [from the penalty of eternal death] that which was lost. Message NASB 11 [”For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost. ] CEV NCV 11 The Son of Man came to save lost people. ]

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Denver’s recommendation • Memorize, study, rely on KJV, NKJV,

Bible Authority – Bible Origins Denver’s recommendation • Memorize, study, rely on KJV, NKJV, or NASB – KJV is not perfect though • Get a thought-for-thought to help you study and for readability (NIV, NCV, CEV) • Just for reading (NLT, Message)

Bible Authority – Bible Origins

Bible Authority – Bible Origins