Berlin Sites to see Wheres Berlin Berlin Facts
Berlin Sites to see!
Berlin Facts • Capital of the Federal Republic of Germany – Since October 3, 1990 • • Population about 3. 5 million One of the top tourist destinations in Europe A long, rich history Focal point of the Cold War
Brandenburg Gate • International symbol of Berlin and Germany (much like our statue of Liberty) • The Berlin Wall used to run in front of it, making it a great backdrop for political speeches.
Berlin Wall • • Symbol of the Cold War Surrounded West Berlin Built by East Germany – Aug. 13, 1961 Fell – Nov. 9, 1989
Berlin Memorial Wall • Memorial to remember those who were killed trying to escape East Germany over, through or under the Berlin Wall.
East Side Gallery • One of the few remaining sections of the Berlin Wall • Used by artists, mostly from the former East Germany, as a canvas
Checkpoint Charlie • Best known crossing point between East and West Germany • Was the crossing point between the US and Soviet sectors of Berlin • Site of several “stand offs” between US & USSR • House at Checkpoint Charlie – excellent museum
Potsdamer Platz • Former hub of Berlin • Site of first traffic light in Europe • Part of the “Death Strip” during Cold War • Now a hub again, new buildings, shops, amusements
Fernsehturm (TV Tower) • Largest free standing structure in Germany (4 th in Europe) • Built by the East Germans in East Berlin • Trying to show off
Kurfürstendamm (Ku-damm) • Main avenue through West Berlin (like 5 th Ave. in NYC) • Many shopping and historic sights
Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtniskirche • Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church • Cathedral destroyed during World War II • Front tower all that remains • Now a memorial.
Kauhaus des Westens (KA–DE-WE) • Huge shopping center • You can buy pretty much anything there (like a Macy’s in NYC)
Tiergarten • Former hunting grounds of the Prussian nobility • Now a huge park • World class zoo
Victory Column • 70 meters (210’) tall • Celebrates successive victories over Austria, France and Denmark • Has the goddess of victory on top • Running up the sides are cannons captured during victorious military campaigns
Olympic Stadium • Host of the 1936 Summer Games • Famous for nazis and Jesse Owens • Hosted 2006 World Cup Final • Home of Hertha – Berlin’s top professional soccer club
Berlin Cathedral • One of the largest Cathedrals in Germany • House the crypt of the Hohenzollern
Reichstag • Current seat of the German parliament • Site of many important German and world events
Pergamon Museum of antiquities Lots of really cool Egyptian relics