BENIGN PARAPHARYNGEAL TUMOURS SURGICAL INTRICACIES BY TRANSCERVICAL APPROACH

  • Slides: 53
Download presentation
BENIGN PARAPHARYNGEAL TUMOURS: SURGICAL INTRICACIES BY TRANSCERVICAL APPROACH Dr. Simple Patadia MS ENT Neuro-Otology

BENIGN PARAPHARYNGEAL TUMOURS: SURGICAL INTRICACIES BY TRANSCERVICAL APPROACH Dr. Simple Patadia MS ENT Neuro-Otology

INTRODUCTION Parapharngeal Space is one of the potential confined fascial planes of head and

INTRODUCTION Parapharngeal Space is one of the potential confined fascial planes of head and neck that can be involved by various pathological processes. Constitute less than 0. 5% of all head and neck tumours (80% benign). Surgical removal of these tumours is the best treatment.

ANATOMY

ANATOMY

TENSOR VELI STYLOID FASCIA

TENSOR VELI STYLOID FASCIA

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS Pre-styloid Space Post-styloid Space Salivary gland neoplasm Lipoma Neurogenic tumours Warthin’s tumour

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS Pre-styloid Space Post-styloid Space Salivary gland neoplasm Lipoma Neurogenic tumours Warthin’s tumour Oncocytomas Schwannoma Paraganglioma Neurofibroma

APPROACHES TO PPS

APPROACHES TO PPS

 Recent advances have considered the use of endoscopes, microdebriders, neuronavigation, and robotic surgery

Recent advances have considered the use of endoscopes, microdebriders, neuronavigation, and robotic surgery to felicitate better tumour removal. The experience of PPST in our institiute via transcervical approach is highlighted in this study.

MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective study 19 Cases Study Period: January 2013 to January 2015

MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective study 19 Cases Study Period: January 2013 to January 2015 Surgery: Excision via Transcervical approach The data obtained were reviewed on basis of patients clinical details, presenting symptoms, imaging characteristics, fine needle aspiration cytology, surgical approach, postoperative complications, and histological confirmation.

POST STYLOID TUMOURS

POST STYLOID TUMOURS

TRANS-CERVICAL APPROACH INCISION AND ELEVATION OF SUBPLATYSMAL FLAP

TRANS-CERVICAL APPROACH INCISION AND ELEVATION OF SUBPLATYSMAL FLAP

EXPOSURE AND CONTROL OF GREAT VESSELS

EXPOSURE AND CONTROL OF GREAT VESSELS

TUMOUR REMOVAL

TUMOUR REMOVAL

TUMOUR REMOVAL BY BLUNT DISSECTION

TUMOUR REMOVAL BY BLUNT DISSECTION

SPECIMEN

SPECIMEN

PRESTYLOID SPACE TUMOUR

PRESTYLOID SPACE TUMOUR

RARE CASES

RARE CASES

PREOP MRI (AXIAL + CORONAL)

PREOP MRI (AXIAL + CORONAL)

CROSS FLOW AND BALLOON OCCLUSSION TEST

CROSS FLOW AND BALLOON OCCLUSSION TEST

INCISION

INCISION

REMOVAL OF SCM FOR EXPOSURE

REMOVAL OF SCM FOR EXPOSURE

TUMOUR DISSECTED FROM SURROUNDING STRUCTURES

TUMOUR DISSECTED FROM SURROUNDING STRUCTURES

IDENTIFICATION

IDENTIFICATION

PLEOMORPHIC ADENOMA EXTENDING INTO PPS

PLEOMORPHIC ADENOMA EXTENDING INTO PPS

EXPOSURE

EXPOSURE

IDENTIFICATION OF FACIAL TRUNKS

IDENTIFICATION OF FACIAL TRUNKS

FACIAL NERVE RECONSTRUCTION

FACIAL NERVE RECONSTRUCTION

TUMOUR REMOVED IN 2 PARTS

TUMOUR REMOVED IN 2 PARTS

CAROTID BODY TUMOUR

CAROTID BODY TUMOUR

LOCALISING TUMOUR

LOCALISING TUMOUR

REMOVING TUMOUR FROM THE CAROTID ADVENTITIA

REMOVING TUMOUR FROM THE CAROTID ADVENTITIA

AFTER TUMOUR REMOVAL

AFTER TUMOUR REMOVAL

TUMOUR REMOVED

TUMOUR REMOVED

RESULTS Most common presenting complaint was a unilateral neck mass (89. 8%). The mean

RESULTS Most common presenting complaint was a unilateral neck mass (89. 8%). The mean age at presentation was 42. 4 years (Range: 28 -67 years). The study group had seven males (37%) and 12 females (63%). FNAC (Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology) was done in all cases. Positive Predictive Value (PPV) of FNAC was 57. 14%.

RESULTS All patients underwent tumour excision via transcervical approach. Submandibular gland was removed to

RESULTS All patients underwent tumour excision via transcervical approach. Submandibular gland was removed to improve exposure in four cases and in one case it was retracted anteriorly. SCM cut to improve exposure in 2 cases. Extracapsular dissection was done in twelve (85. 71%) cases, while intracapsular debulking was required in two cases (14. 28%). Complete tumour excision was done in all cases.

COMPLICATIONS 4 3 2 No of patients 1 0 Facial Palsy Marginal Hypoglossal Horner

COMPLICATIONS 4 3 2 No of patients 1 0 Facial Palsy Marginal Hypoglossal Horner Vagal Palsy mandibular palsy syndrome weakness

HISTOPATHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS Pleomorphic Adenoma Schwannoma Neurofibroma Carotid Body Tumour 11% 10% 42% 37%

HISTOPATHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS Pleomorphic Adenoma Schwannoma Neurofibroma Carotid Body Tumour 11% 10% 42% 37%

SCHWANNOMA SUBTYPES 1 1 Vagal Hypoglossal 5 Cervical Sympathetic plexus

SCHWANNOMA SUBTYPES 1 1 Vagal Hypoglossal 5 Cervical Sympathetic plexus

DISCUSSION Histologically and anatomically, the most common tumour of the parapharyngeal space is parotid

DISCUSSION Histologically and anatomically, the most common tumour of the parapharyngeal space is parotid pleomorphic adenoma. The imaging modality of choice according to our study is MRI as it better delineates origin (prestyloid/poststyloid compartment), character (benign/malignant), vascularity, and also shows relation with the deep lobe of parotid and the great vessels.

COMPARISON IN ANGIOGRAM

COMPARISON IN ANGIOGRAM

SCHWANNOMA VS CBT

SCHWANNOMA VS CBT

DISCUSSION Transcervical approach not only gives excellent exposure both in pre-styloid and post-styloid spaces,

DISCUSSION Transcervical approach not only gives excellent exposure both in pre-styloid and post-styloid spaces, but also prevents any undue injury to vessels and nerves. The key to prevent any complications during surgery is to perform blunt dissection along the tumour capsule (extracapsular dissection) and avoid its rupture. However in cases with large suspected schwannomas with difficult dissection superiorly and medially, internal enucleation and debulking of tumour is recommended by us to avoid mandibulotomy. Functional preservation of peripheral nerves by intracapsular enucleation has been reported in literature

CONCLUSION Tumours of parapharyngeal space are challenging and have important surgical considerations due to

CONCLUSION Tumours of parapharyngeal space are challenging and have important surgical considerations due to their close relation to neurovascular structures and deep lobe of parotid gland. Imaging plays a crucial role to delineate origin, vascularity and relation with the great vessels. The transcervical approach is a versatile approach for complete excision of tumours with excellent exposure and minimum morbidity. It can also be combined with excision of submandibular gland in order to improve exposure. Intracapsular debulking is recommended in cases of schwannomas, which can provide better neural preservation rate.