Bellringer why are some areas of the world

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Bellringer • why are some areas of the world more powerful than others?

Bellringer • why are some areas of the world more powerful than others?

Agenda • • • Bellringer Levels of Questioning Guns, Germs and Steel Levels of

Agenda • • • Bellringer Levels of Questioning Guns, Germs and Steel Levels of Questioning practice Homework – The Worst Mistake

Vocabulary Words for Guns, Germs and Steel • Cultivation: • the planting, growing, and

Vocabulary Words for Guns, Germs and Steel • Cultivation: • the planting, growing, and harvesting of crops or plants, or the preparation of land for this purpose • Civilization: • a society that has a high level of culture and social organization • Domestication: • taming and adaptation of plants and animals for the benefits of humans

Guns, Germs and Steel • Jared Diamond, famous scientist. He is trying to answer

Guns, Germs and Steel • Jared Diamond, famous scientist. He is trying to answer a question asked him by a native New Guinean, Yale: “why do white people have so much stuff, but New Guinea people did not”

Homework • Reading the Worst Mistake and answering the questions on a separate worksheet

Homework • Reading the Worst Mistake and answering the questions on a separate worksheet • Remember to sign up for remind 101!

Bellringer • Pull out the civilization game question you pick up on your way

Bellringer • Pull out the civilization game question you pick up on your way in. • Each question represents one round of the game. Answer one question after each round. (Example: for round 5 answer question number 5. ) Complete the first couple of questions based on how many were complete on the first day.

Period 1 Powerpoint 2013

Period 1 Powerpoint 2013

Bellringer: What are the basic characteristics of early human societies?

Bellringer: What are the basic characteristics of early human societies?

Agenda • Bellringer • Review Civilization game • Notes • Homework • SPICE chart

Agenda • Bellringer • Review Civilization game • Notes • Homework • SPICE chart and Study for test

Your Notebook • Objective: – Allow student to focus on important information during their

Your Notebook • Objective: – Allow student to focus on important information during their reading and to organize information. • Set up (for each unit) – Objective sheet – Unit Vocabulary – 1 page for each objective (some will require more than others) • Front page for students reading notes • Back page for class/lecture notes – Important people

Expectations for notebook • Will be bought to each class • Students will write

Expectations for notebook • Will be bought to each class • Students will write the objective on top of each page

PALEOLITHIC AND NEOLITHIC AGE

PALEOLITHIC AND NEOLITHIC AGE

Paleolithic Age Objective 1 • 12, 000 BCE–humans evolved physically and mentally to the

Paleolithic Age Objective 1 • 12, 000 BCE–humans evolved physically and mentally to the level of today • Opposable thumbs & developed brain Links to the objective in your notebook. Write on. Achievements the BACK of the page. The front page is • Paleolithic – – Invention of tools weapons reserved for&your reading notes. Write down Language any addition or missed information that you Control of DOfire NOT have from your reading notes. Art (sculpture, jewelry, and cave paintings) • Humans lived in small bands of hunter-gatherers

Objective 1/2 Paleolithic Age Societies • Men hunt and/or fish; women gather fruits, etc.

Objective 1/2 Paleolithic Age Societies • Men hunt and/or fish; women gather fruits, etc. • Lived in kinship groups of 20 -30 people • Follow migratory patterns of animals • Need large portions of land to support themselves • Life expectancy was 20 years or less

Paleolithic Societies • Groups were not always self -sufficient • Trade with neighboring groups

Paleolithic Societies • Groups were not always self -sufficient • Trade with neighboring groups was often necessary • Developed tools suitable for their environment • Practiced animism

Discussion Question With the partner next to you discuss the following question: What causes

Discussion Question With the partner next to you discuss the following question: What causes technological change?

Objective 3 Defining Neolithic Revolution • Define with your partner Neolithic Revolution: – Also

Objective 3 Defining Neolithic Revolution • Define with your partner Neolithic Revolution: – Also can be called: Agricultural revolution • Ms. Heath’s definition: • The deliberate cultivation of particular plants as well as the taming and breeding of particular animals • http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Yocja_N 5 s 1 I&list=PLBDA 2 E 52 FB 1 EF 80 C 9&index=1&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Objective 3 Neolithic Revolution • Around 10000 BCE, two discoveries revolutionized human society –

Objective 3 Neolithic Revolution • Around 10000 BCE, two discoveries revolutionized human society – Farming (1 st crops were wheat & barley) – Herding (1 st domesticated animals were goats, pigs, & cattle) • Domesticated animals produced a new type of society called Pastoralists

Objective 3 Origins of Agriculture

Objective 3 Origins of Agriculture

Social Results of the Neolithic Revolution Objective 3 • Social changes: – Permanent settlement

Social Results of the Neolithic Revolution Objective 3 • Social changes: – Permanent settlement – People become dependent on farming – Farming & specialized labor led to increase in technology • Pottery, the plow, irrigation, woven textiles, wheeled vehicles – Gender inequality – Full-time political and religious figures emerge as community leaders – Specialized workers such as toolmakers, miners, and merchants – Despite specialization, well-defined social stratification did not exist

World Population Growth Intensive agriculture caused human population to jump from 5 -8 million

World Population Growth Intensive agriculture caused human population to jump from 5 -8 million to 60 to 70 million in 5, 000 years

Objective 3 Environmental changes • Slash and burn farming • Some plant species die

Objective 3 Environmental changes • Slash and burn farming • Some plant species die out • Animals domesticated

Objective 3 Examples of Neolithic Cities • Farming & herding allowed for urban development

Objective 3 Examples of Neolithic Cities • Farming & herding allowed for urban development • 1 st cities emerged in Middle East (Turkey & Jordan) • Jericho and Catal Huyuk

Objective 4 Pastoral Societies • Nomadic peoples who herd domesticated animals • Move in

Objective 4 Pastoral Societies • Nomadic peoples who herd domesticated animals • Move in search of food for their animals • Develop on marginal land apart from areas suitable for agriculture, often semi-arid regions • Interact with agricultural societies

Objective 4 Relationship between developing economies • • Exchange of ideas and products Conquest/absorption/displacement

Objective 4 Relationship between developing economies • • Exchange of ideas and products Conquest/absorption/displacement of hunter-gathers Spread of language Indo-European begin in turkey

Objective 5 Impact of Technology changes on Human Society • Basket for food storage

Objective 5 Impact of Technology changes on Human Society • Basket for food storage • Record keeping writing • Metals allowing for strong tools & weapons – Bronze stronger/more useful than stone – 400 b. c. e

RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS

RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS

Objective 6 Characteristic of Civilization • A civilization is a complex culture with these

Objective 6 Characteristic of Civilization • A civilization is a complex culture with these five characteristics: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Specialized workers Technology Advanced cities Institutions Record keeping

Objective 7 Ancient Mesopotamia

Objective 7 Ancient Mesopotamia

Government (political) Objective 7 • Initially, priest-kings rule citystates – Sumerians (c. 3500 BCE)

Government (political) Objective 7 • Initially, priest-kings rule citystates – Sumerians (c. 3500 BCE) • City-states evolve into empires – Akkadians (c. 2334 -2218 BCE) • Land owning aristocracy dominated • Develop a formal legal codes – Hammurabi’s Code (c. 1800 BCE)

Objective 7 Religion/Culture • Believed in 3, 000 gods • Goal: Appease gods to

Objective 7 Religion/Culture • Believed in 3, 000 gods • Goal: Appease gods to control nature • Art and literature focus on gods and religion – Epic of Gilgamesh • Contains a story of an epic flood • Built ziggurats

Culture • Inventions: wheel, sail, and plow • Bronze metallurgy • 1 st system

Culture • Inventions: wheel, sail, and plow • Bronze metallurgy • 1 st system of writing – Cuneiform • 1 st number system – Based on units of 10, 60, & 360 • Astronomy Objective 7

Society Objective 8 • Social stratification • Slavery was common Nobles Freemen Slaves –

Society Objective 8 • Social stratification • Slavery was common Nobles Freemen Slaves – One could become a slave through war, crime, or debt – Slaves were used in temples, public buildings, or private homes • Patriarchal – Women could hold most occupations

Economy Objective 8

Economy Objective 8

Ancient Egypt • Relatively isolated • Nile flooded regularly, predictably – Provided rich soil,

Ancient Egypt • Relatively isolated • Nile flooded regularly, predictably – Provided rich soil, easy soil to farm – Civilization regulated flooding, surveying • Control the Nile; control society Objective 7

Objective 7 Government • Formed by 3000 BCE • Unified for most of history

Objective 7 Government • Formed by 3000 BCE • Unified for most of history – Early Kingdom – Middle Kingdom – Late Kingdom • Theocracy – Pharaoh was a god-king – Women could be pharaohs • Hatshepsut (1473 -1458 BCE) Ramses II

Culture • Hieroglyphic writing on papyrus • Mathematics – Geometry • Calendar system –

Culture • Hieroglyphic writing on papyrus • Mathematics – Geometry • Calendar system – 365 days (off by 6 hours) • Medicine • Architecture Objective 7

Objective 7 Religion/Culture • Thousands of gods • Gods have animal and human qualities

Objective 7 Religion/Culture • Thousands of gods • Gods have animal and human qualities • Gods & goddesses • Relatively egalitarian • Believe in afterlife • Heaven & Hell • Mummification • Pyramids & Temples

Social • Social Stratification – Limited opportunity for social mobility • Slavery common •

Social • Social Stratification – Limited opportunity for social mobility • Slavery common • Women have more rights – Could own property, propose marriage, and demand a divorce Objective 8

Objective 5 Ancient India & China

Objective 5 Ancient India & China

Objective 7 -8 Indus River Valley • Cities emerge around 2500 BCE • Culturally

Objective 7 -8 Indus River Valley • Cities emerge around 2500 BCE • Culturally unified citystates – Harappa and Mohenjo. Daro • Mysterious ending – Environmental degradation vs. Aryan invasion

Objective 7 -8 Indus River Valley • Polytheistic religion – Influenced Hinduism • Planned

Objective 7 -8 Indus River Valley • Polytheistic religion – Influenced Hinduism • Planned cities with large temples • Undecipherable writing system • Advanced technology – Plumbing systems

Indus River Valley http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=n 7 nd. Rwq. JY DM&list=PLBDA 2

Indus River Valley http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=n 7 nd. Rwq. JY DM&list=PLBDA 2 E 52 FB 1 EF 80 C 9&safety_mode= true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Ancient China • Developed in isolation along the Huang He (Yellow) River • Shang

Ancient China • Developed in isolation along the Huang He (Yellow) River • Shang dynasty emerged c. 1500 BCE – Warlike kings & landed aristocracy dominate – Cities surrounded by massive earthen walls Objective 7 -8

Objective 7 -8 Ancient China • Chinese Society – Family at center of society

Objective 7 -8 Ancient China • Chinese Society – Family at center of society • Extended-family structure – Women were subordinate • Chinese Culture – Believed spirits of family ancestors could bring good fortune or disaster – Oracle bones (right) – Bronze & silk

Objective 7 -8 Dynastic Cycle Mandate of Heaven—Rulers are chose to rule by heaven

Objective 7 -8 Dynastic Cycle Mandate of Heaven—Rulers are chose to rule by heaven and will continue to rule as long as heaven is pleased; if heaven is not pleased, heaven will pass the mandate to another family

Objective 7 -8 The Olmec • Olmec emerge in Mesoamerica c. 1400 -400 BCE

Objective 7 -8 The Olmec • Olmec emerge in Mesoamerica c. 1400 -400 BCE • Olmec zone is dense tropical forest

Objective 7 -8 Olmec Government & Society • Several city-states with common culture •

Objective 7 -8 Olmec Government & Society • Several city-states with common culture • Social Hierarchy – Highest rank is that of the chief – Dominated by landed aristocracy – Laborers forced to build temples, palaces, and drainage canals

Objective 7 -8 Olmec Religion • Polytheistic – Deities blended male & female, animal

Objective 7 -8 Olmec Religion • Polytheistic – Deities blended male & female, animal & human characteristics • Feathered-serpent god (right) – Shamans organized religious life • Religion led to development of writing system and calendar

Olmec Art • Building of clay pyramids and temple mounds • Particular sculptural style

Olmec Art • Building of clay pyramids and temple mounds • Particular sculptural style – Jaguars – Fine jade carving – Colossal heads Objective 7 -8

Objective 6 Legacy of Ancient Civilizations • Writing systems, religions, and technology was influenced

Objective 6 Legacy of Ancient Civilizations • Writing systems, religions, and technology was influenced the development of new civilizations and cultures • Ancient civilizations decline by 1000 BCE – Subject to nomadic invasions • Political and cultural centers shift to new geographical areas (except China)

Objective 9 Why did some societies survived and others be destroyed? • Discuss with

Objective 9 Why did some societies survived and others be destroyed? • Discuss with your partner