Bell Work Title: Attacking and defending a castle Date:
Lesson Sequence Lesson 5 1 Problems William faced 2 Securing control through violence 3 Teaching from Sept 2017 onwards Spec Reference N/A Topic Securing control Lesson Attacking and defending a castle Sequence 5 of 7 Feudal system 4 Motte and Bailey castles 5 Attacking and defending a castle 6 Project planning 7 Assessment - project Key Words; Attack, defence, stone keep,
Lesson Objectives Lesson 5 Competency (Level 1 -3) Proficiency (Level 4 -6) To know haw castles developed over time. To explain how a castle might be attacked and defended. Mastery (Level 7 -9) To evaluate the best methods of preventing an attack
Starter • Draw what you think the perfect castle design would be! • Remember some of the advantages and disadvantages of a Motte and Bailey and Stone Keep Challenge – Add on any ways to attack or defend it!
The Development of Castles • Watch this clip and think about: – What measures were put in place to build better defence for a castle? – What were they made out of? – What is a mote and what was the other option if you could not have a proper mote? – https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=0 eoi 02 tsn 48
Over to you! As we go through the steps in the development of castles, draw your castles to illustrate what might be happening and why! Draw what you hear!
The year is 1126 Some English people have worked out that they can make your stone castle collapse, oh dear! They are digging holes under the stone walls and if they dig under it, the stone collapses into the hole. Your castles are about to be ruined! So! • You need to add extra defences! • You must act quickly – do not redesign your whole castle, just add something that will protect it. • Stone and money is available!
Is the King happy?
The year is 1272 • Even if you have built an extra wall or a mote, the English people have worked out that they can just surround your castle with people (a siege). • If 100 s of people surround the castle, the soldiers are trapped in one place, and will die! You must revise your design and make sure: • That the soldiers cannot be trapped in one place, it may be a good idea to have lots of smaller castles within one. • That you have round walls to prevent walls from falling down when people dig under them.
Is the King happy? Is this the perfect castle design?
The changing design of castles Sentence starters Castles changed a lot between 1066 and 1300, because…. . The changes were…. . Task – Explain how and why castles changed the way they did. Use these images to help you.
What do we already know? Stick the source in the middle of your page Around the outside: • Describe what you see in the picture and label as many ways of attacking and defending a castle as possible. Clues – Describe any weapons. Describe what is going on. Are people trying to knock the castle down? Or burn it down? Or climb in? Challenge – Who would want to attack a castle and why?
Methods of attacking and defending In your pairs, write an A or a D on each description. 1. Methods of attacking 2. Methods of defending Key words to help: Pound – beat down Fortress – protective barrier Eliminate – get rid of Inhabitants – people living there Molten – burning hot liquid Finished? Put stars by the 2 best attacking and 2 best defending methods Which method of attacking and defending do you think would be the most effective? Explain why.
Whiteboards at the ready! Write down 2 ways a castle can be attacked
In your books Sentence starters – Using your sheet, explain 2 of the best ways attacking and 2 of the best ways of defending a castle. Make sure you use specific examples and think back to the start of the lesson and how castles changed and developed. One of the best attacking methods used in Medieval castles was…. . I think this because… One of the best defending methods used in Medieval castles was… I think this because…. Challenge – Think about ways you might defend against the attack methods. How would you directly react if an attack was happening?
Weapons and castles http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=n 75 Pg. MSx. AOw � Watch the following clip and consider these questions: Progress v v What methods do they use to seize the castle? What weapons do they use? What formation do the men use? Where is the King? check – Can we add anything else onto our pictures from what we have learned from the video?
Extended writing task Write a letter to William about either: a) you have designed an indestructible castle (You must include the features you have included for the castle) b) that you have planned the best attack on a castle. (You must give details of what you are going to use to attack the castle) Level 1 – You have included and explained 2 ways of attacking and defending a castle. Level 2 – You have come to a judgement about the most effective way of attacking and defending a castle, and used more than 2 examples for each. Level 3 – You have come to a judgement and used all the evidence to back up your reasons for stating which method is the most effecting for attacking and defending, and explaining why other methods are NOT as effective.