- Slides: 34
Bell Ringer (on a sheet of paper)4. 1. 19 ØTrue (T) or False (F) 1. Britain joined the war to protect Belgium b/c Germany went through it to get to France. . 2. WWI was a result of countries being unhappy for over 100 years because of the Congress of Vienna. 3. Britain and Germany were allies. 4. Imperialism is trying to build up your military. 5. Candles were used to remove lice. 6. The powder/pomade killed lice. 7. People could die from lice. 8. Taking large baths helped to getting rid of lice.
Agenda 4. 1. 19 SWU: The cause and effects of WWI Activity: BR*, Notes: WWI
World War I
Causes Militarism A lliances Imperialism N ationalism
Militarism New military technologies Arms race between countries Glorification of war
Alliances Agreements to aide each other if attacked Most nations sign secret alliances Allies & Central Powers
Key Central Powers Allied Powers Neutral The Balkans
Imperialism Competitio n for colonies Many smaller wars over territory
Nationalism French-German border conflicts Ethnic nationalism in the Balkans
Ba s n a lk
Immediate Cause Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary’s throne Austria declares war on Serbia Allies all jump in
Battles of WWI
Battles on the Western Front The Marne - Sept 1914 costly Allied victory https: //www. youtub e. com/watch? v=Ee x 4 QGCKkl. I Verdun - long, deadly battle throughout 1916 The Somme - over 1 million casualties
Battles on the Eastern Front Battle of Tannenberg – major defeat for Russia suffering very high casualties Revolution of 1917 forces Russia to leave the war
Russia’s Revolution 1. Vladimir Lenin leads the communist Bolsheviks 2. Overthrow the Czar 3. Sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in 1918
America Joins the War Most of America is isolationist President Wilson campaigns on keeping America out of war
Sinking of the Lusitania Germany declares “unrestricted submarine warfare” Lusitania sunk by German U-boat in 1915 Kills 1000 & 130 Americans Germany must apologize, stop targeting peaceful ships and America will stay neutral. https: //www. youtub e. com/watch? v=a 0 RUebc. UZIk
The Zimmerman Telegraph
The Zimmerman Telegraph Secret message from Germany to Mexico Proposes an alliance against the US Mexico would declare war on America and get lost territory after victory Causes an outrage in America What should President Wilson do this time?
The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. -Woodrow Wilson
The Zimmerman Telegraph Congress officially declares war on Germany in April 1917.
America Enters the War 2. 8 million “doughboys” drafted Fresh American troops turn the tide for the Allies Within months the war was over
The 14 Points 1. Woodrow Wilson’s plan for a long lasting peace 2. Conflicts with Europeans desire to punish Germany
We must punish Germany for this war!
The Treaty of Versailles Germany… 1. …forced to accept full responsibility for war 2. …loses all its territories 3. …must pay reparation payments to the Allies 4. … must only have a very limited military
The Mandate System 1. Great Britain and France divide up Middle East 2. British take Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine 3. France takes Syria and Lebanon
Exit Ticket The 14 Points By Woodrow Wilson 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. No secret armies Freedom of the treaties Reduce the size of Nations Removing barriers to the sea A League of Trade Directions: Woodrow Wilson is writing his famous 14 Points for peace after World War I, but is a little confused. Help him out by rearranging the words in red to make each point correct.