Bell Ringer on a sheet of paper4 1

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Bell Ringer (on a sheet of paper)4. 1. 19 ØTrue (T) or False (F)

Bell Ringer (on a sheet of paper)4. 1. 19 ØTrue (T) or False (F) 1. Britain joined the war to protect Belgium b/c Germany went through it to get to France. . 2. WWI was a result of countries being unhappy for over 100 years because of the Congress of Vienna. 3. Britain and Germany were allies. 4. Imperialism is trying to build up your military. 5. Candles were used to remove lice. 6. The powder/pomade killed lice. 7. People could die from lice. 8. Taking large baths helped to getting rid of lice.

Agenda 4. 1. 19 SWU: The cause and effects of WWI Activity: BR*, Notes:

Agenda 4. 1. 19 SWU: The cause and effects of WWI Activity: BR*, Notes: WWI

World War I

World War I

Causes Militarism A lliances Imperialism N ationalism

Causes Militarism A lliances Imperialism N ationalism

Militarism New military technologies Arms race between countries Glorification of war

Militarism New military technologies Arms race between countries Glorification of war

Alliances Agreements to aide each other if attacked Most nations sign secret alliances Allies

Alliances Agreements to aide each other if attacked Most nations sign secret alliances Allies & Central Powers

Key Central Powers Allied Powers Neutral The Balkans

Key Central Powers Allied Powers Neutral The Balkans

Imperialism Competitio n for colonies Many smaller wars over territory

Imperialism Competitio n for colonies Many smaller wars over territory

Nationalism French-German border conflicts Ethnic nationalism in the Balkans

Nationalism French-German border conflicts Ethnic nationalism in the Balkans

Ba s n a lk

Ba s n a lk

Immediate Cause Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary’s throne Austria declares war on

Immediate Cause Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary’s throne Austria declares war on Serbia Allies all jump in

Battles of WWI

Battles of WWI

Battles on the Western Front The Marne - Sept 1914 costly Allied victory https:

Battles on the Western Front The Marne - Sept 1914 costly Allied victory https: //www. youtub e. com/watch? v=Ee x 4 QGCKkl. I Verdun - long, deadly battle throughout 1916 The Somme - over 1 million casualties

Battles on the Eastern Front Battle of Tannenberg – major defeat for Russia suffering

Battles on the Eastern Front Battle of Tannenberg – major defeat for Russia suffering very high casualties Revolution of 1917 forces Russia to leave the war

Russia’s Revolution 1. Vladimir Lenin leads the communist Bolsheviks 2. Overthrow the Czar 3.

Russia’s Revolution 1. Vladimir Lenin leads the communist Bolsheviks 2. Overthrow the Czar 3. Sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in 1918

America Joins the War Most of America is isolationist President Wilson campaigns on keeping

America Joins the War Most of America is isolationist President Wilson campaigns on keeping America out of war

Sinking of the Lusitania Germany declares “unrestricted submarine warfare” Lusitania sunk by German U-boat

Sinking of the Lusitania Germany declares “unrestricted submarine warfare” Lusitania sunk by German U-boat in 1915 Kills 1000 & 130 Americans Germany must apologize, stop targeting peaceful ships and America will stay neutral. https: //www. youtub e. com/watch? v=a 0 RUebc. UZIk

The Zimmerman Telegraph

The Zimmerman Telegraph

The Zimmerman Telegraph Secret message from Germany to Mexico Proposes an alliance against the

The Zimmerman Telegraph Secret message from Germany to Mexico Proposes an alliance against the US Mexico would declare war on America and get lost territory after victory Causes an outrage in America What should President Wilson do this time?

The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon

The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. -Woodrow Wilson

The Zimmerman Telegraph Congress officially declares war on Germany in April 1917.

The Zimmerman Telegraph Congress officially declares war on Germany in April 1917.

America Enters the War 2. 8 million “doughboys” drafted Fresh American troops turn the

America Enters the War 2. 8 million “doughboys” drafted Fresh American troops turn the tide for the Allies Within months the war was over

The 14 Points 1. Woodrow Wilson’s plan for a long lasting peace 2. Conflicts

The 14 Points 1. Woodrow Wilson’s plan for a long lasting peace 2. Conflicts with Europeans desire to punish Germany

We must punish Germany for this war!

We must punish Germany for this war!

The Treaty of Versailles Germany… 1. …forced to accept full responsibility for war 2.

The Treaty of Versailles Germany… 1. …forced to accept full responsibility for war 2. …loses all its territories 3. …must pay reparation payments to the Allies 4. … must only have a very limited military

The Mandate System 1. Great Britain and France divide up Middle East 2. British

The Mandate System 1. Great Britain and France divide up Middle East 2. British take Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine 3. France takes Syria and Lebanon

Exit Ticket The 14 Points By Woodrow Wilson 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. No

Exit Ticket The 14 Points By Woodrow Wilson 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. No secret armies Freedom of the treaties Reduce the size of Nations Removing barriers to the sea A League of Trade Directions: Woodrow Wilson is writing his famous 14 Points for peace after World War I, but is a little confused. Help him out by rearranging the words in red to make each point correct.