- Slides: 24
Bell Ringer!!!! • Have a seat at your designated group according to the card handed to you. • Take out your Cornell Notebook and Set it up for a new Section – EQ – Why was the Electoral College created and how does it work? – Your first section heading will be: • Electoral College Jigsaw:
Jigsaw Activity • Round One: You have 6 minutes to read, analyze and learn your paper from the folder. • You are responsible for getting down 3 -5 important points from that section that you will teach to the rest of your group.
How the Electoral College Works
Why was it Created? • Framers questioned whether uninformed citizens would select an adequate leader for the nation • If the people chose the “wrong” President, the EC could override the vote. • Wanted to establish a role for the states in the election process = federalism
United States Constitution • The United States Constitution outlines how the President is to be elected. Article II Section: Electoral College – 538 people called electors responsible for electing the Pres and VP – # of members in House of Reps (435) + # of members in Senate (100) + 3 for Washington D. C (23 rd Amendment) = 538
The Number of Electoral College Votes Each State has is Determined by: Total Number of + = of Electoral Representatives Senators College Votes Changes with Each Census… State has Each State has at Least One Representative Two Determined by Senators Population at time of Census
Ohio 2012 Presidential Election 2010 Census Data Number of Total Number of + = Representatives of Electoral Senators College Votes 16 2 18
Steps in the Electoral College Process
Step 1: Popular Vote • On election day, voters choose who they want to be President & Vice President • What we’re actually choosing are ELECTORS who represent the political party of the candidate we like • These electors are then supposed to vote for the candidate that wins the popular vote in a given state
Step 2: Winner Take All • Winner takes all – Candidate who wins the popular vote within a state…wins all of the electoral votes for that state • 48 States – Nebraska and Maine have proportional system - each candidate gets some votes • Majority rules – Candidate who wins the majority of votes wins the election • Need 270 Votes to win
Step 3: Voting • Meeting of Electors meet in each State capitol to cast votes for the candidate they represent (Monday after the 2 nd Wednesday in December).
Step 4: Counting Ballots • Those votes are then sent to the president of the Senate in DC • The president of the Senate counts the votes on January 6 before a joint session of Congress • If there is a tie, the President will be decided by the House of Representatives
Bell Ringer!!! • Have a seat in the same groups as yesterday… • On the yellow paper…take 2 minutes and write down the 4 steps in the electoral process • Take out your notebook and set it up for a new section – EQ – What are the flaws of the Electoral College system?
Steps in the Electoral College Process 1. Popular Vote 2. Winner Take All 3. Voting of Electors 4. Counting of Votes in Senate
Flaws of the Electoral College
# 1 - Person who doesn’t win popular vote can be elected President – 4 Elections 1. Jackson (41. 3%) v. J. Q. Adams (30. 9%) – J. Q. Adams winner 2. Hayes (4. 0 M) to Tilden (4. 2 M) – Hayes winner 3. Cleveland (5. 5 M) to B. Harrison (5. 4) – Harrison winner 4. Gore v. Bush (2000)
2000 Presidential Election 435 Representatives 100 Senators + 3 Electoral Votes for Washington D. C. _______ 538 Electoral College Votes Majority = 270 Electoral College Votes Candidate George W. Bush Al Gore Electoral Votes Popular Vote 271 50, 456, 002 266 50, 999, 897
#2: Electors Don’t Have to Do What We Tell Them To • Electors have refused to vote for their party’s nominee – – – 1796 1820 1948 1956 1960 1968 1972 1976 1988 2000 2004 an elector from MN voted for John Edwards (twice, Pres & VP)
Examining Election Data • Inside the folders are sheets that correlate with the letter you had yesterday. • Each person will be responsible for analyzing a different election. • Use the question sheet and map to complete this assignment.
Bell Ringer!!! • Get out your map, data sheet, and questions sheet from yesterday’s lesson. • Continue your data analysis and coloring • Once you have finished the map, move on to the additional questions (2 -10)
Bell Ringer!!! • You have 5 minutes to finish any of the map and questions from our election analysis activity. – If you need to get with your group members to see their maps, go ahead. – Turn it in when you’re finished. Stapler is in the back next to the turn in tray. • You will only need a pen/pencil and the pocket constitution after that.
C. P. Bell Ringer!!! • Take the map from the shelf and a country infection rate card. • Using the following legend, locate and color the countries on the map provided to show their HIV/AIDS prevalence rates: • • • Less than 0. 1%. . . Purple. 1% to 0. 5%. . . Blue 0. 6% to 1%. . . Green 1% to 5%. . . . Yellow 5% to 15%. . . Orange 15% to 26%. . . Red