- Slides: 32
Behavioral Deviance (Perilaku menyimpang) Tuesday, January 24, 2017
List of bad behaviors • List as many “bad” behaviors as you can in 1 minute.
Is deviance wrong? • From late Latin. Deviare = turn aside • From Latin. de via, de = off and via = way. Off the way _________ • To deviate: verb (menyimpang) • She will deviate from her plan to become a doctor and be in the IPS class instead of the IPA class. • Deviance/deviancy: noun (penyimpangan) • She proved her deviance/deviancy when she spray-painted “Die, Democracy!” on the wall of the capitol building. • Deviant: noun (the person) (penyimpangan) • She is a deviant. • Deviant: adjective • Her deviant behavior included: smoking, wearing crop tops, and shaving her head.
Behavioral Deviance • A behavior that goes against the norms and values of a society. • Therefore, varies by culture. • Can be positive or negative. • Semua tindakan yang menyimpang dari norma yang berlaku dalam suatu system social.
The Year of Living Biblically
Heinz Dilemma A woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to produce. He paid $200 for the radium and charged $2, 000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get together about $1, 000 which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said: “No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from it. ” So Heinz got desperate and broke into the man's laboratory to steal the drug for his wife. Should Heinz have broken into the laboratory to steal the drug for his wife? Why or why not?
Deviance Kind/Characteristics Occurrence # involved Forms Type of crime • • Crime White collar Blue collar Corporate Crime without a victim Drugs Sexual Student fights
Anne is an Australian who was doing business in Indonesia. She was from a poor neighborhood in Australia and the Australian police were spending more and more time in her neighborhood, meaning that she couldn’t do her job as easily. She was a drug dealer. She began working in the Indonesian market to make more money. However, she was caught by Indonesian immigration on her 10 th time coming into Indonesia with the drugs. As Indonesian law requires, she was put to death for her actions. 1. What 2 forms of behavioral deviance is this and why? 2. Describe 2 characteristics of each of the deviances.
Kinds of Behavioral Deviance p. 165 -8 • Based on occurences (berdasarkan kekerapannya) Primary and secondary • Based on number of people involved (jumlah orang yg terlibat) Individual and group • Based on type (tipenya) Crime without a victim, organized, white collar, blue collar, corporate. Give examples in your notebook. • Page 169 -173 • Narcotics (narkoba) • Student fights (perkelahian) or brawls (tawuran) • Sexual deviance p. 171 -3 • Crimes (p. 168 for more information)
Forms of Behavioral Deviance (p. 169 -173) • Drug misuse (penyalahgunaan narkoba) • Student fights (perkelahian pelajar) • Sexual deviance (penyimpangan seksual) Homosexuality, cohabitation (kumpul kebo), sodomy, transvestitism, sadomasochism, pedophilia • Crime • Add: Juvenile delinquency
You decide • Gendered deviance…acceptable or not? Facebook goes beyond 'male' and 'female' with new gender options By Brandon Griggs, CNN Updated 22: 25 GMT (0625 HKT) February 13, 2014
Facebook goes beyond 'male' and 'female' with new gender options By Brandon Griggs, CNN Updated 22: 25 GMT (0625 HKT) February 13, 2014 You don't have to be strictly a man or a woman on Facebook anymore. In a nod to the "it's complicated" sexual identities of many of its users, the social network on Thursday added a third "custom" gender option for people's profiles. In addition to Male or Female, Facebook now lets U. S. users choose among some 50 additional options such as "transgender, " "cisgender, " "gender fluid, " "intersex" and "neither. " Users also now have the ability to choose the pronoun they'd like to be referred to publicly: he/his, she/her, or the gender-neutral they/their. "When you come to Facebook to connect with the people, causes, and organizations you care about, we want you to feel comfortable being your true, authentic self, " Facebook said in a post on its Diversity page. "An important part of this is the expression of gender, especially when it extends beyond the definitions of just 'male' or 'female, ' " the post continued. "So today, we're proud to offer a new custom gender option to help you better express your own identity on Facebook. " Facebook said it worked with a group of leading lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender advocacy organizations to come up with the new gender categories. "Facebook users from across the country have been asking for the ability to reflect their gender accurately, and today Facebook showed they have been listening, " said Allison Palmer, a former GLAAD vice president, who worked on the project with Facebook. Questions to consider (not graded!) 1. According to this article, is labeling oneself as ‘transgendered’ a social deviance or not? 2. In Indonesia, what form of behavioral deviance is this? 3. What does this example tell us about the nature of deviance worldwide?
Causes of deviance Penyebab • Theories on deviance
Social control and deviancy • In pairs, discuss how you would use social control with the following forms of deviancy. • Use Handout 1 and your notes to help you. 1. White collar crime 2. Primary deviance 3. Crime without a victim
Christian perspective “It must be great to be a Christian. You can sin as much as you want but you are automatically forgiven. ”
Catholic Church’s 7 Capital Sins • For Catholics, there are 2 types of sins: Venial and Mortal. • Venial sins can be forgiven. • Mortal sins that are not forgiven will result in going to Hell. • For a sin to be mortal, it must be: 1) a serious matter 2) the person must know it is serious 3) the person freely commits it
7 Capital sins • Seven of these evil thoughts were first listed formally by Pope Gregory the Great (500 s A. D. ) and later were enumerated by Thomas Aquinas (1200 s A. D. ) in the Summa Theologica: pride, greed, gluttony (in Latin, gula), lust, sloth (laziness), envy, and anger. • Source: http: //www. newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/ Seven_Deadly_Sins
Notes (Sociology 1 B, p. 46 -48, read alone) A. “Bad” behaviors • • • List B. Conformity/Konformitas • Definition C. Behavioral deviance/Perilaku Menyimpang • • Definition: Behavioral deviances vary by culture. o Give an example
Notes (p. 50, 54, 56 read alone mixed with lecture) D. Sociologists’ Perspectives on deviance • • • Read James W. Van der Zanden Read Edwin Lemert Read Emile Durkheim Read Karl Marx Read David Berry Read Robert Merton
Notes (p. 50, 54 read alone mixed with lecture) D. Sociologists’ Perspectives on deviance • Read James W. Van der Zanden • Deviance varies by society • Therefore, deviance is not universal • Deviance varies based norm (religious vs. legal) • Read Edwin Lemert • Labeling reinforces a deviant behavior • Primary vs. secondary deviance
D. Sociologists’ Perspectives on deviance • Read Emile Durkheim • Can’t achieve uniformity in a society because too many factors individualize what morality is. • Deviance helps morality and law develop in a society • Read Karl Marx • The ruling authority defines morality in order to preserve their power • Read David Berry • People choose their own standards
Merton’s Theory of Adaptations, p. 52 • Objectives • Means to the objective. (How to reach those objectives) • Adaptation through conformity • Adaptation through innovation • Adaptation through ritualism • Adaptation through retreatism • Adaptation through rebellion • Each pair make your own example. The class will then identify which type of adaptation your example is.
Merton’s Theory of Adaptations Type of Adaptation Cultural Objectives Actions taken to meet the objective Conformity Innovation Ritualism Retreatism Rebellion + indicates that the cultural objective is met, or the action to achieve it is standard - Indicates that the cultural objective is not met or that the action to meet it is not standard
• How useful is Merton’s theory in explaining crime and deviance today? Think about the economic situation today and people’s chances of achieving goals and what goals society seems to set on us. • Which theorists are similar? • Which theory is about individuals and which is about society deciding for individuals?
E. Imperfect Socialization
E. Imperfect Socialization 1. Conflicting messages from agencies of socialization. 2. Reluctance to talk about norms and values. 3. Mimic wrong behaviors. 4. Sub-cultural values and norms.
F. Nature of Behavioral Deviance • Positive • Which sociologist would support positive BD? • Negative
G. Types of Behavioral Deviance • Make a more detailed chart. • Use page 60 for guidance as you read page 6268.
Case Study 1. What are some examples of gender roles in the Bible? 2. When is deviating from gender roles a positive deviance? Why?