Behavior Therapy Counter Conditioning Inhibitory Conditioning Lecture 17

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Behavior Therapy: Counter Conditioning & Inhibitory Conditioning Lecture 17

Behavior Therapy: Counter Conditioning & Inhibitory Conditioning Lecture 17

The Process of Behavior Therapy 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Clarifying

The Process of Behavior Therapy 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Clarifying the clients problem Formulating initial goals for therapy Designing a target behavior Identifying the maintaining conditions Designing a treatment plan Implementing the treatment plan Evaluating the success of treatment Conducting follow-up assessment ~

Acceleration Target Behaviors Increase behavioral deficits l inattention, hygeine, lack of assertiveness, etc. n

Acceleration Target Behaviors Increase behavioral deficits l inattention, hygeine, lack of assertiveness, etc. n Primarily positive reinforcement l Relatively simple & straight forward n Example: Social interaction in depressed client l Reward interactions with people ~ n

Deceleration Target Behaviors Decrease behavioral excessesses l Biting fingernails, staying up too late, criticizing

Deceleration Target Behaviors Decrease behavioral excessesses l Biting fingernails, staying up too late, criticizing others, etc. n Simple solutions usually incomplete l Punishment behavior l Leaves void l Behavior occuring fo a reason ~ n

Deceleration Target Behaviors Use competing responses l Deceleration for undesirable/maladaptive behavior l Acceleration of

Deceleration Target Behaviors Use competing responses l Deceleration for undesirable/maladaptive behavior l Acceleration of desirable/adaptive behavior l Provide way to obtain goal n Example: l Decelerate criticizing l Accelerate praising ~ n

The Dead Person Rule “Never ask someone to do something a dead person can

The Dead Person Rule “Never ask someone to do something a dead person can do” l Don’t ask them not to behave l Deceleration only n Client is asked to do something active l Include acceleration behavior l Fills behavioral void ~ n

Deceleration Techniques Differential RFT (DRO & DRI) n Direct Deceleration Therapy l Consequential deceleration

Deceleration Techniques Differential RFT (DRO & DRI) n Direct Deceleration Therapy l Consequential deceleration l Aversion therapy n Token Economies l Pos RFT & response cost n Exposure therapies l Brief / graduated l Prolonged / intense ~ n

Counter Conditioning Joseph Wolpe (1944) l Reciprocal inhibition n Buzzer sounded when cat was

Counter Conditioning Joseph Wolpe (1944) l Reciprocal inhibition n Buzzer sounded when cat was eating l Buzzer (CS) eating l Buzzer sounded when shocked l Buzzer fear n Substitution of competing responses l Worked both ways l Can also replace fear ~ n

Counter Conditioning Pavlovian Conditioning l CERs n Substitution of response l Competing or incompatible

Counter Conditioning Pavlovian Conditioning l CERs n Substitution of response l Competing or incompatible l Similar to DRO/DRI (operant) n Example: young woman’s anxiety about attending banquet l Ex-boyfriend & new girlfriend l Imagine banquet with absurd scenes ~ n

Mary Cover Jones & “Peter” Treatment of phobias l Peter fearful of white rabbit

Mary Cover Jones & “Peter” Treatment of phobias l Peter fearful of white rabbit n Counterconditioning l Pairing favorite food & rabbit n Exposure therapy l Gradually moved rabbit closer l Peter watched another child play with rabbit ~ n

Inhibitory Conditioning

Inhibitory Conditioning

Learning Regulates Behavior Controls organism’s interactions with environment n Requires 2 opposing processes l

Learning Regulates Behavior Controls organism’s interactions with environment n Requires 2 opposing processes l e. g. , positive & negative feedback l excitatory & inhibitory conditioning n Excitatory learning l CR will likely occur l CS+ signals occurrence of US ~ n

Inhibitory learning Conditioned Inhibition l Learning to withhold conditional response n CS-: US will

Inhibitory learning Conditioned Inhibition l Learning to withhold conditional response n CS-: US will not occur l no US for period of time l US must be a significant event n Occurs only if there is an excitatory context ~ n

Standard Procedure Some trials: CS+ --- US n Other trials: CS+ / CS- ---

Standard Procedure Some trials: CS+ --- US n Other trials: CS+ / CS- --- No US n Example: traffic light l CS+ (red) CR? l CS- (police officer) / CS+ CR? n Respond differently under different circumstances ~ n

Negative CS-US Contingency Similar to standard procedure l Some trials: CS+ & US l

Negative CS-US Contingency Similar to standard procedure l Some trials: CS+ & US l Other trials: CS- & no US n CS- no response n Example: Traffic light l Red (CS+) – Danger (US) l Green (CS-) – no Danger (no US) ~ n

Inhibitory Conditioning & Stress n Panic attacks extreme stress u. Carter, Hollon, Carson, &

Inhibitory Conditioning & Stress n Panic attacks extreme stress u. Carter, Hollon, Carson, & Shelton (1995) triggered by CS+ for aversive stimuli n Panic attack experimentally induced l accompanied by trusted friend l or alone ~ l

Inhibitory Conditioning & Stress n Friend acted as CS- for stress l stress compared

Inhibitory Conditioning & Stress n Friend acted as CS- for stress l stress compared the alone group l trusted friend was a safety signal ~