- Slides: 16
Before the War • Since the beginning, the U. S. and Japan had been friends. • Many Japanese officers that would soon fight us, had once lived and studied in the U. S. • The U. S. had modernized Japan into a massive empire, but good things could turn bad.
Japanese Expansion The U. S. wanted the Japanese to be strong, but not too strong. The U. S. had their own islands in the Pacific and interests in China, though we were still friends, we still need our space.
Second Sino Japanese War July 7 th, 1937 – September 9 th 1945 • The Japanese continued their expansion by yet again invading and taking more land from China. • To many Americans and Europeans, it was just another foreign war in Asia, nobody cared. !!!UNTIL!!!
Rape of Nanking • During the war, the Chinse put up a strong defense for the city of Shanghai in 1937. Through fierce street fighting that lasted more than 3 months, the Chinese lost, but killed thousands of Japanese. • Afterwards, the Japanese easily took Nanking, the Capitol. In retribution, the Japanese slaughtered many men, women and children.
World Outrage • With the Rape of Nanking, the Second Sino-Japanese War was no longer a foreign war, but a massacre that must be stopped. • Public outcry in the U. S. forced the government to put sanctions on our once ally. These sanctions prohibited things like oil (called oil Embargoes) and iron ore from being shipped to Japan. • The Japanese needed these things to feed the growth of their empire, now the Japanese were mad at the U. S.
Bombing of the U. S. S. Panay December 12, 1937 • Though China and the Empire of Japan were at war, the U. S. and other countries, such as Britain, still had troops and ships patrolling the water of China, which they had done for years. • While pulling Americans out of Nanking, the Panay, and American gunboat, was attacked and sunk by Japanese aircraft. • However, the situation was lightly covered, because President Roosevelt feared war.
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Tripartite Pact On September 27, 1940, Germany, Italy and the Empire of Japan signed a treaty to never fight each other, but to also help each other in case one of the members went to war with another country.
WAR Emperor Hirohito "If all people are brethren, then why are the winds and waves so restless? " Prime Minister Tojo !!!WAR WAR!!! Admiral Yamamoto !!!No War!!!
!!!Then and now!!! The U. S. responded to the crimes of the Empire of Japan against china by starting sanctions against the Japanese. This, as we will see tomorrow led to war. Currently we face similar situations, we have sanctions against Russia, China, and North Korea. Was it a good idea to put sanctions on Japan? What do you think might happen as a result of these sanctions on Japan, and now Russia, China and North Korea?