Before Reading Look over the Front book cover… What might this story be about? Where might this story take place? Is this book a fictional or nonfictional read? Read the back Cover… Why do you think this two very different stories are being told? What do you think about the book’s message? Share your ideas with your partner and record one on your paper.
Author: Linda Sue Park Listen as the author tells you how she drew her inspiration from Salva and his story. Linda Sue Park discusses "A Long Walk to Water"
Words to Know Before Beginning Refugee - a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. Rebels – people who rise in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler. The Lost Boys – the name given to over 20, 000 Sudanese boys who fled their country's civil war only to have no homeland for years
Overview The story focuses on two main characters, Salva and Nya who are from the Sudan in Africa. Salva is an 11 year old boy whose story is set in 1985 during the Sudanese Civil War. He needs to flee his country on foot to survive. Nya is an 11 year old girl whose story is set in 2008. She lives in a village with no running water. Salva’s story is nonfiction. Nya’s story is fictional, yet very realistic. Both characters face lifethreatening dangers due to their setting. *The story is told in third person
Africa: Setting 1985/2008 Locate Sudan as well as neighboring countries, Ethiopia and Kenya.
Setting: The Sudan in Africa With your partner, write what you know about Africa.
Themes: Water: Water is the over-arching theme of this book. The lack of it leads to illness, despair, famine, and conflict. In Sudan, conflict over resources, including the precious commodity of water, has resulted in tribal wars that lead to larger scale conflicts. Family/Relationships: Leadership War/Refugees Perseverance/Hope
Chapter One: Vocabulary Words Context Definition thorns “Heat, and time. And thorns. ” A sharp pointed spine or prickle on a plant or branch droned “The teacher droned on with a lesson about the Arabic language. ” To talk in a dull, monotonous manner responsibilities “Their responsibilities depended on how old they were…” Duties or obligations dress panic bush rebels independence
Question/Prediction/Evaluate Ch. 1 2008 Why does the author use different styles of print and different time periods in the same chapter? 1985 Describe Salva as a student, his school and what he learns. Can you make any connections? What are the issues for which the rebels are fighting the government? What does it mean for Sudan to become Muslim? *Brainstorm In a democratic Society, there are many ways to show disagreement with the government. What are ways citizens can disagree with their government and elected officials.
Chapter 2: Vocabulary Words Context Definition Shrouded “He couldn’t see the school building; it was Shrouded by smoke and dust. ” Covered or Concealed Relief Model/Example Terror Mortars
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 2 2008 How does Nya spend her time? Compare and Contrast between boys and girls… 1985 What is happening around Salva as he runs away from School? When the people organize by village, what does Salva discover? Describe the Rebels. How do their appearance and actions affect the people? Does Salva consider himself a man? Do the Rebels consider Salva a man? Can you imagine how Salva is feeling at the end of this chapter? Where is he? *Brainstorm The government of Sudan “wanted all of Sudan to become an Islamic country. ” What might happen in a democracy if the government decided to make one religion the state religion as Sudan tried to do?
Chapter 3 Vocabulary Words Context Definition Gourd “Nya took the hollowed gourd that was tie to the handle of the plastic can. ” Hard-shelled fruit of any various plant, whose dried shell is used for bowls and other utensils. Tribe Artillery Sympathy
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 3 2008 In each of the Chapters so far, the author tells Nya’s story first. Why do you think she does this? What has been the purpose of Nya’s journey every day? 1985 What is Salva’s situation? Why doesn’t he return to his school? How does the Woman from the Jur-Chol tribe help him? What is the history between the Nuers and the Dinka tribe? Why is Salva insulted to be called an orphan? How do tribes tell themselves apart from one another? Salva’s hopes rise and then fall. Do you think finding other Dinkas will be the answer he is looking for? *Brainstorm In our country, how are people identified as being in a certain group? Do we use different clothes as African tribes do? Are there other ways we set ourselves apart from other?
A Dinka man The Dinkas and Nuers are two tribes focused on in the book. A Nuer man
Chapter 4 Vocabulary: Words Context Definitions Scanned “Salva held his breath as he scanned the faces, one by one. ” To examine Doubt Daze Feast
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 4 2008 What additional information did you learn about Nya in this Chapter? 1985 Why doesn’t the group want Salva along? Why is he ultimately taken along by the man and woman? What does it mean they are walking to nowhere? How do they survive? Why do the boys, Buksa and Salva fall behind? What have they discovered? Can an entire group of people exist on this? *Brainstorm In today’s news media there are many stories competing for the readers attention. How does the news media use text, color, pictures, and other visuals to attract the reader?
Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Gingerly “It was worth it, Salva thought, as he touched his eye gingerly. ” With Great Care or Caution Honeycomb Accent Strides Inhabited
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 5 2008 Explain how water Dictates Nya’s life everyday. 1985 How was the honey worth is for Salva and the others in his group? What was the cost? What do Salva and Marial have in common? What does it mean that Salva “heard that sigh all the way to his heart? ” Why is Salva dismayed that they are walking to Ethiopia, east? Describe the Atuot people? Would you fear them? Predict the cause of his speechlessness *Brainstorm A Long Walk to Water is an original story taken from news media. Many authors use this strategy to collect ideas. Based on our news today what information could you gather that would help you write a true story in today’s time.
Chapter 6 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Makeshift “They had no house and had to sleep in makeshift shelters. ” Made using whatever is available Solemn “His face became very solemn when Salva told him that he had not seen nor heard a single word of his family in all that time. Serious Rebelled Nausea Exhausted Wailing
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 6 2008 Nya and her mother think differently about the Camp. Explain Would Nya and Salva have been friends if they knew each other in the same time period? Explain 1985 Finally, something good happens to Salva. Explain. How does this make a difference for the group? Why does everyone in the group become nauseous? Could they have avoided this problem? List all the elements working against their survival. *Brainstorm If you had to choose to be Nya or Salva, explain whose shoes you would rather walk in. Explain your choice…
Chapter 7 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Steady “Uncle spoke to him all morning in a steady, low voice. ” Firm, even, regular Reeds Papyrus Prow
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 7 2008 What is wrong with Akeer? What are her symptoms? What is the choice facing the family? What would you do? 1985 How do they know a lion took Marial? How is it possible no one heard anything? How does the loss of his friend affect Salva? What changes as the group approaches the Nile? How do they get across? What is the secret of making the canoes? *Brainstorm Fear grips Salva in this chapter. How does Salva overcome his fear? Have you ever experienced such fear and overcome it? Explain…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Monotonous “The scenery and motion were so monotonous that Salva might have slept. ” Boring /Repetitive Gauge Mangoes Ferried Desperate
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 8 2008 Explain how Akeer’s laugh “Was like music. ” What caused her illness? Is the solution within the means of the family? 1985 What wonders were found on the island? How do the villagers get food without any money? Why don’t they become nauseous again with this food? What do the fisherman know about the night that the travelers do not? How are they affected? *Brainstorm Of all the elements Salva has faced, which do you think is the worst? How could the Akobo Desert that lies ahead be the worst?
Chapter 9 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Relentless “The sun was relentless and eternal: there was neither wisp of cloud…” Severe/ Harsh Eternal “The sun was relentless and eternal: there was neither wisp of cloud…” Never ending Relief Arid Parched Sobs Tamarind
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 9 2008 How does the village chief welcome strangers? What do you think they want? 1985 How is the Akobo the worst element yet for the villagers to survive? How does uncle encourage Salva to keep walking? What might have happened to Salva without his uncle? How could you apply Uncle’s strategy in your own life? Would you have given water to the men? What is the right thing to do? Explain… Will some have to die for others to survive? *Brainstorm This chapter is very powerful because of the serious subject and the difficulties that Salva must overcome. What one phrase or sentence in this chapter best summarizes the main idea or theme? Explain your thinking!!!
Chapter 10 Vocabulary: Word Translated Revived Vultures Corpses Refugee Camp Context Definition
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 10 2008 What do the two strangers want from Nya’s Chief? If they find water, how will it change lives? 1985 Did Salva give his water to the men? Did anyone? What were the results? Who was right? What happened to the village of Lou Ariik? What will happen when the group reaches Ethiopia? What are the chances Salva will ever find his family? What does it mean, “There was something evil in their laughter. ”? *Brainstorm It is estimated that there are 35 million people living in refugees in the world today. What role should the United States play in the refugee problems around the world? Should refugees from other countries be our concern? Explain…
Chapter 11 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Scythed “The long grass had to be scythed and hoed under. ” Cut Down Mourn Numbness Grudgingly Emaciated
Questions/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 11 2008 What will it mean if water is not found in the land between the trees? 1985 What happened to Uncle? How does this affect Salva? How does the group attitude change? What are the positive and negative aspects of the refugee camp? Is Salva happy to finally quit walking? What does the orange scarf mean to Salva? *Brainstorm If you wish to place an ad in the news media, you are charged by the word. The longer your ad, the more it costs. Write a summary of this chapter, using as many vocabulary words as you can. Imagine you are paying $. 10 per word and you only have $2. 00 to use. See if you can sum up the chapter in twenty words. If you use a vocabulary word from the chapter in your summary, that word is free.
Chapter 12 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Despair “He felt as though he were standing on the edge of a giant hole- a hole filled with the black despair of nothingness. ” Hopelessness/depression/ Misery/Gloom Scavenging Chaos Surge Merciless
Questions/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 12 2008 What is the red, iron giraffe? What part do the villagers play in the progress? 1985 How does it feel to Salva to be without a family? What has he lost? What does Salva decide to do to survive? How does school look in the refugee camp? Why does he go? 1991 How have things changed in the camp in six years? Why is it closing? *Brainstorm What is the purpose of any government? What will be the outcome of the government’s actions.
Chapter 13 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Earnestly “If that didn’t work, he would talk to them earnestly and try to persuade them. ” In a serious manner Prodding Stunned Welter Peril
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 13 2008 What things make this drilling so difficult? What keeps people going in times of adversity? 1991 -1992 What is the government trying to do by driving the people into the water? Why are the soldiers shooting? What are all the obstacles to survival for these people? Does Salva have a duty to the others, esp. the boy clinging to him? Would you follow Salva? Why did he become a leader? What do the boys hope to find in Kenya? *Brainstorm Does the definition of government differ from country to country? Explain
Chapter 14 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Misery “After two years of misery at Kakuma, Salva left the camp. ” Great Suffering/ Unhappiness Ration Rumor Administration
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 14 2008 Why does the village celebrate? What could it mean that the new water is full of mud? 1992 -1997 Describe the misery at Kakuma. How does the population of Kakuma compare to the population in your own community? How were the conditions different at the camp in Ifo? What are the restrictions to a boy “getting on the list” to go to America? What does it mean to Salva that he will go to America? *Brainstorm In the process of being chosen to go to America, the second step for Salva was an interview. Write up questions you think would be important to ask a refugee in order to decide if they should leave their country and be able to enter another. How might Salva have answered each question.
Chapter 15 Vocabulary: Word Context Definition Siblings “Salva would have siblings, just as he had before. ” Brothers and Sisters Terminal Frigid
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 15 2009 Why can’t the boys drink the water spraying from the hole? When will Nya lose her job? 1997 What was involved in the Lost Boys coming to America? Do you think that is a good name for them? If not, what would you call them? Why would people from America want to help these boys? Explain Salva’s experiences with clothes, Coca-Cola, the plane, winter. Would this be easier if Salva really was a boy instead of an adult? *Brainstorm Think about our life in America and think about Salva’s life in Sudan. What do you think will be some of the biggest hurdles he and the boys will have to face here? Write a survival guide for the Lost Boys-What would be most important for them to know about America and our culture?
Chapter 16 Vocabulary Word Context Definition Aquifer “After the excitement of seeing the first spray of water from the aquifer, the villagers went back to work. ” An underground bed or layer of earth, or porous stone that yields water. “With the war still raging, it was very difficult to make the arrangements. ” Plans or Preparations Vague Relief Agency Clinic Remote Arrangements Frantic
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 16 2009 What is your best guess on what the men are going to build? 1997 -2003 By opening his email, what does Salva show you about his development in America? What are the difficulties involved in Salva reconnecting with his father? What are the many risk Salva is taking in order to find his father? *Brainstorm List Salva’s personal qualities and specific examples from his past that illustrates this quality. (Minimum of 5)
Chapter 17 Vocabulary Word Context Definition Contaminated “Years of drinking contaminated water had left Mawien Dut’s entire digestive system riddled with guinea worms. ” Impure/unclean Digestive Guinea Worms Pronunciation Reality
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 17 2009 How close were your predictions on what building would be put up first? Why does Nya ask if the girls can go to school too? How does having water change everything for her people? 2003 -2007 Was the reunion of Salva and his father what you expected? Explain How is it possible that so much of his family is still alive? Should Salva take the risk and return to Lou Ariik? Why is Salva the best person to speak about his idea? *Brainstorm Salva Dut once said, “When you speak well, people will choose you to be a leader. ” Do you agree with this? Explain the importance of learning to speak well.
Chapter 18 Vocabulary Word Celebration Disputes Context Definition
Question/Predict/Evaluate Ch. 18 2009 Describe Nya’s experience of the water. What does the well mean to the people of Southern Sudan? How did it get its name? In every chapter until now, the story structure included two time periods. Why is this last chapter only set in 2009? Why was the boss of the workers not identified as Dinka earlier? Why would a Dinka bring water to us? How would you answer Nya’s Question? Do you expect any changes between the Nuer and Dinka because of this? *Brainstorm Salva Dut, is making great things happen in his homeland, Sudan. What is something you can do to make your hometown better?
Summary: A Long Walk to Water begins as two stories, told in alternating sections, about a girl in Sudan in 2008 and a boy in Sudan in 1985. The girl, Nya, is fetching water from a pond that is two hours’ walk from her home: she makes two trips to the pond every day. The boy, Salva, becomes one of the "lost boys" of Sudan, refugees who cover the African continent on foot as they search for their families and for a safe place to stay. Enduring every hardship from loneliness to attack by armed rebels to contact with killer lions and crocodiles, Salva is a survivor, and his story goes on to intersect with Nya’s in an astonishing and moving way.
Some Facts About Sudan Resources include oil or petroleum, natural gas and various minerals(gold, silver, iron, copper) About ¼ the size of the United States, it is the largest country in Africa Flat plains, desert to the north, hot! Most of the 20 th century was spent in civil war What is a civil war? Write your response. Population is between 39 and 45 million (California has about 40 million people too!)
Why is there fighting in Sudan? Fighting over religious freedom (the government was trying to force the entire country to become Muslim). Scarce resources (food, water, medicine, cattle) Fighting over territory Farmers vs. Herders Control over oil fields
Facts about Fighting in Sudan The first civil war came to an end in 1972 due to a peace agreement The second civil war that Salva Dut lived through started in 1983 when the ruling government tried to make all Sudanese join the Islamic faith There are many rebel groups fighting against the government 2. 5 million have been killed or displaced in last 20 years
Bit by Bit, One Step at a Time Salva Dut has used the above mantra or precept as a way to live through incomprehensible acts of violence Salva has made the transformation from “lost boy” to a founding member of a non-profit organization that brings running water to tribes torn apart by these wars
Why is running water important? “Where safe, clean water flows, health, education, and economic development, spring up. Safe water brings new hope and opportunities to South Sudan's people, empowering them to change their lives. ” -www. waterforsudan. org Think about it: How could having no running water create lifethreatening problems? Write possible answers on your sheet.
Running water is rare in the Sudan. Villagers treck hundreds of miles to find water and bring it back to their families.
A small village Refugees fleeing the war. Cattle is rare and valued.
The Lost Boys The hundreds of thousands of young boys who fled Sudan in the 1980’s became known as “The Lost Boys” as they were not just homeless, they the were without a country. Many languished in refugee camps for decades. Others returned home years later to find their families dead. Some were able to go the U. S. to start over. “The Lost Boys” is a reference to the orphaned boys in Peter Pan. http: //www. america. gov/st/foraidenglish/2008/June 20080609180659 berehel lek 0. 9889032. html