Basic Principles of GMP Sanitation and Hygiene Section

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Basic Principles of GMP Sanitation and Hygiene Section 3 Module 3 | Slide 1

Basic Principles of GMP Sanitation and Hygiene Section 3 Module 3 | Slide 1 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Objectives l Review measures to ensure good sanitation in: ä Premises

Sanitation and Hygiene Objectives l Review measures to ensure good sanitation in: ä Premises and personnel ä Equipment and apparatus ä Processes, materials and containers l To review measures to ensure good personal hygiene l Group session - to discuss the situation in your country and to look at some bad sanitation and hygiene practices Module 3 | Slide 2 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Scope High level of sanitation and hygiene practised – in every

Sanitation and Hygiene Scope High level of sanitation and hygiene practised – in every aspect of manufacturing. It covers: l. Personnel l. Premises l. Equipment and apparatus l. Production materials and containers l. Products for cleaning and disinfection l. All potential sources of cross-contamination 3. 1 Module 3 | Slide 3 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Personal Hygiene (1) l Health examinations: ä Before and during employment

Sanitation and Hygiene Personal Hygiene (1) l Health examinations: ä Before and during employment ä Periodic eye examinations for those who do visual inspections l Training: ä Practices in personal hygiene ä Written procedures and instructions 11. 1 - 2 Module 3 | Slide 4 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP ä Wash hands before entering production areas ä Signs in

Basic Principles of GMP ä Wash hands before entering production areas ä Signs in areas (e. g. changing rooms, wash areas, after using toilet facilities) 11. 1 - 2 Module 3 | Slide 5 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP ä Before entering production areas ä Can use disinfectants 11.

Basic Principles of GMP ä Before entering production areas ä Can use disinfectants 11. 1 - 2 Module 3 | Slide 6 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Personal Hygiene (2) l Illness or open lesions: ä May affect

Sanitation and Hygiene Personal Hygiene (2) l Illness or open lesions: ä May affect the quality of products ä Should not handle starting materials, intermediates or finished products, etc. ä Instruction and encouragement to report to supervisors l Direct contact between product and operator: ä Should be avoided ä Starting materials, primary packaging materials, intermediate and bulk product 11. 2 - 5 Module 3 | Slide 7 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (3) l Protection of product from contamination: ä Clean

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (3) l Protection of product from contamination: ä Clean clothes appropriate to activities and products ä Including hair covering (e. g. caps), gloves l Check change rooms/changing facilities ä Hand washing, signs, drying of hands ä Used clothing stored in separate closed containers while awaiting cleaning ä Washing (laundry) of clothing - SOP followed and in an appropriate facility ä Procedure for disinfecting, decontamination and sterilizing when required 11. 6 Module 3 | Slide 8 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (4) l Smoking, eating and drinking not allowed in

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (4) l Smoking, eating and drinking not allowed in production areas, laboratories and storage areas l No chewing (e. g. gum), or keeping food or drinks allowed l No plants kept inside these areas l Rest and refreshment areas should be separate from manufacturing and control areas 11. 7, 12. 11 Module 3 | Slide 9 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP l Toilets should not open directly into production or storage

Basic Principles of GMP l Toilets should not open directly into production or storage areas 12. 12 Module 3 | Slide 10 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (5) l Personal hygiene procedures including wearing protective clothing

Sanitation and Hygiene Personnel Hygiene (5) l Personal hygiene procedures including wearing protective clothing apply to all persons entering into production areas: ä Full-time employees ä Temporary and contract workers ä Contractor's employees ä Visitors ä Managers ä Inspectors 11. 8 Module 3 | Slide 11 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Design of Premises l Design ä Walls, floors, ceilings, ledges, drains,

Sanitation and Hygiene Design of Premises l Design ä Walls, floors, ceilings, ledges, drains, air supply, dust extraction l Prevention of build-up of dirt and dust to avoid unnecessary risks of contamination ä Cleaning programme, appropriate cleaning, cleaning records l Effective cleaning and disinfection ä choice of materials and chemicals, validation l Drains – prevent backflow 12. 2, 12. 3, 12. 7, 12. 9, 12. 29 Module 3 | Slide 12 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP l Protection from insects, birds, vermin and weather – from

Basic Principles of GMP l Protection from insects, birds, vermin and weather – from receipt of raw materials to dispatch of released product 12. 9 Module 3 | Slide 13 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (1) l Cleaning and cleaning validation ä

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (1) l Cleaning and cleaning validation ä Degree of cleaning depends on whether consecutive batches are of same or different product l Check cleaning agent is fully removed l If possible hot water alone used for cleaning ä all cleaning and disinfecting solutions carefully prepared and expiry dated l Final rinse with purified water, or water for injection (for sterile products) l Full records kept Module 3 | Slide 14 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (2) l Full records kept l Water

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (2) l Full records kept l Water systems l Water - major constituent of most products l SOP for cleaning and sanitization of the water purification system should include distribution line l Validation and removal of disinfectant before reuse Module 3 | Slide 15 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (3) l Maintenance and repair ä activities

Sanitation and Hygiene Production Operations – Sanitation (3) l Maintenance and repair ä activities inevitable in manufacturing area ä Should present no risk to product l Whenever possible, all planned maintenance outside normal operating hours l Emergency work in working area followed by thorough clean down and disinfection before manufacturing recommences l Area clearance by QC Module 3 | Slide 16 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP Module 3 | Slide 17 0 f 21 2012

Basic Principles of GMP Module 3 | Slide 17 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Group Session - Option 1 Look at the photographs in the

Sanitation and Hygiene Group Session - Option 1 Look at the photographs in the handout and record as many sanitation and hygiene issues as you can Module 3 | Slide 18 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Group Session - Option 2 You are inspecting a new factory.

Sanitation and Hygiene Group Session - Option 2 You are inspecting a new factory. What are the key issues for sanitation and the key issues for personnel hygiene that the company should have in place? Module 3 | Slide 19 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Possible Issues – I Sanitation l Mixed production l Penicillins l

Sanitation and Hygiene Possible Issues – I Sanitation l Mixed production l Penicillins l Product versus batch changeovers l Water systems l How long should a “cleaned” status last for? l What should happen if a clearance check is required when no QC personnel are on duty? l Procedures and records Module 3 | Slide 20 0 f 21 2012

Sanitation and Hygiene Possible Issues – II Hygiene l Personal hygiene l Health checks

Sanitation and Hygiene Possible Issues – II Hygiene l Personal hygiene l Health checks l Dealing with health problems l Personal responsibility l Training records l Frequency of handwashing Module 3 | Slide 21 0 f 21 2012