Basic Issues in Agriculture Indian Agriculture Agriculture Sector

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Basic Issues in Agriculture

Basic Issues in Agriculture

Indian Agriculture § Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due

Indian Agriculture § Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due to liberalization and globalization § About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agricultural activity § Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy

Indian Agriculture § Provides about 65% of the livelihood § Accounts for 27% of

Indian Agriculture § Provides about 65% of the livelihood § Accounts for 27% of GDP § Contributes 21% of Total Exports, and Supplies Raw materials to Industries § Growth Rate in production - 5. 7% § Food grains production – 211. 17 mt

India’s position in world Agriculture Rank § § § § Total Area Irrigated Area

India’s position in world Agriculture Rank § § § § Total Area Irrigated Area Population Economically Active population Total Cereals Wheat Rice Coarse grains Total Pulses Oil Seeds Fruits and Vegetables Implements (Tractors) Milk Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes) Seventh First Second Third Second Fourth First Second Third First

Agricultural Resources § § § Total Geographical Area (TGA) 329 M. H Potential for

Agricultural Resources § § § Total Geographical Area (TGA) 329 M. H Potential for Biological Production - 265 M. H Net Sown Area (NSA) 143 M. H Net Irrigated Area 56 M. H Area threatened by land degradation - 50% of TGA Drought-prone Area - 190 M. H

Mile Stones in Agricultural Development § § § § Green Revolution (1968) Ever-Green Revolution

Mile Stones in Agricultural Development § § § § Green Revolution (1968) Ever-Green Revolution (1996) Blue Revolution (water, fish) White Revolution (Milk) Yellow Revolution (flower, edible) Bio-Technology Revolution ICT Revolution

Development of Indian Agriculture : Basic Issues § § § § Revitalization of Cooperative

Development of Indian Agriculture : Basic Issues § § § § Revitalization of Cooperative Institutions Improving Rural Credits Research, Education & Extension Human Resources Development Trade & Export Promotion Land Reforms Enabling Environment for higher Agricultural Growth

The thrust areas: § § § § Diversification of Agriculture Inter-cropping Micro Management Water

The thrust areas: § § § § Diversification of Agriculture Inter-cropping Micro Management Water Management Organic Farming Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres Bio-Technology

Efforts on Policies, strategies and Frameworks § § § National Agriculture Policy (2000) National

Efforts on Policies, strategies and Frameworks § § § National Agriculture Policy (2000) National Seeds policy (2002) Cooperative Policy Agricultural Price policy Agricultural Extension Framework (2001) WTO/GATT agreement (1994) In addition to, various working groups, taskforces, mid-term appraisals and plan schemes (~68) (for further details www. agricoop. nic. in)

Reports § Agriculture Credit, Cooperation and Crop § Horticulture Development including Spices Aromatic and

Reports § Agriculture Credit, Cooperation and Crop § Horticulture Development including Spices Aromatic and Medicinal Plants and Plantation Crops Agriculture Infrastructure/Warehousing/Rural Godowns/Marketing/Post Harvest Management, Processing and Cold Storage, Trade and Export Promotion. § Crop Husbandry, Demand Supply Projections and Agricultural Inputs Agriculture Research and Education § Animal Husbandry & Dairying § Agriculture Statistics § Watershed Development, Rainfed Farming and Natural Resources Management § |Agriculture Development in Eastern and North. Eastern India

Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development § § § Biotechnology Pre & post harvesting technology

Technologies for Sustainable Agricultural Development § § § Biotechnology Pre & post harvesting technology Energy saving technology Environment protection technology Information and Communication technology § GIS & RS technology § Internet/Intranet Technology

Fusion of Technologies for Sustainable Development - A Synergy of Multiple Disciplines § §

Fusion of Technologies for Sustainable Development - A Synergy of Multiple Disciplines § § § § Database Technology Internet/Intranet Technology GIS and Remote Sensing Image Processing GPS Artificial Intelligence Modeling

IT led Agricultural Development The beginning: (e-readiness) § A two day conference (ISDA-1995 )

IT led Agricultural Development The beginning: (e-readiness) § A two day conference (ISDA-1995 ) was held to assess IT Infrastructure and empowerment needs for IT led development in Agriculture Sector (one of the major recommendations was about 3% of the agriculture budget should be spent on Informatics Development) § IT Plan for Agriculture Sector (AGRISNET) was submitted to Ministry of Agriculture in 1997 to establish “Indian Agriculture on-line” and revised in 2000.

IT Applications for Agricultural Development Requires Inter-Sectoral Approach § § § § Agricultural Research

IT Applications for Agricultural Development Requires Inter-Sectoral Approach § § § § Agricultural Research Agro-Meteorology Agricultural Marketing Agricultural Engineering & Food Processing Agricultural Extension and Transfer of Technology Credit and Cooperation Crop production & protection Environment & Forest § Fertilisers and Manure § Fisheries § Irrigation and Drainage System § Livestock, Dairy Development & Animal Husbandry § Rural Development & Planning § Soil and Water Management § Watershed Development

IT plan for Agriculture § To strengthen IT in Agriculture and creation of Databases

IT plan for Agriculture § To strengthen IT in Agriculture and creation of Databases & Information Network for Agriculture Sector : § The plan was divided into three schemes by DAC § Central Sector Schemes proposed § DAC Hqrs § Networking of DAC Field Units (DACNET) § State & District and Sub-District level (AGRISNET)

Present Status of IT Scheme (s) of DAC: Various Components emerging as one scheme:

Present Status of IT Scheme (s) of DAC: Various Components emerging as one scheme: § IT apparatus in DAC Hqrs. § IT apparatus in the Field offices and Directorates of DAC (DACNET) Phase II § Development of Agricultural Informatics and Communication § Agricultural Resources Information System § IT apparatus for States/UTs (AGRISNET) and § Agricultural Marketing Information Network (AGMARKNET) Phase II

Information Systems Requirement in Agriculture GIS/RS based Systems: § Soil and Land use §

Information Systems Requirement in Agriculture GIS/RS based Systems: § Soil and Land use § Watershed developments § Disaster management § Cropping systems § Agriculture Resources Information § Organic farming (bio-fertilisers) § Crop weather watch

Decision Support Systems § § § § Integrated Nutrient Management Integrated Pest Management Demand-Supply

Decision Support Systems § § § § Integrated Nutrient Management Integrated Pest Management Demand-Supply Projections Soil-Water balance Credit Management Inter-cropping systems Bio-fertilizer management Early Warning System

E-Commerce Applications § Agri-Business (Agri-clinics and Agri-Business Centres) § Agricultural Marketing § Agricultural Trade

E-Commerce Applications § Agri-Business (Agri-clinics and Agri-Business Centres) § Agricultural Marketing § Agricultural Trade § Cooperatives § Horticulture (horticulture, floriculture, sericulture, aquaculture etc, . ) § Organic farming § Agriculture Statistics

Ongoing ICT Projects of DAC § § § DACNET (dacnet. nic. in) AGMARKNET (agmarknet.

Ongoing ICT Projects of DAC § § § DACNET (dacnet. nic. in) AGMARKNET (agmarknet. nic. in) PPIN (cib/rc) (cibrc. nic. in) VISTARNET AGRICULTURAL CENSUS NADAMS (National Agricultural Drought Advisory and Management Systems) § HORTNET

Projects Under Pipeline: § § § AGRISNET Ag. RIS (Resources Information System) Development of

Projects Under Pipeline: § § § AGRISNET Ag. RIS (Resources Information System) Development of Agricultural Informatics DACNET (phase – II) AGMARKNET (Phase – II) Agricultural Census 2000 -2001