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Basic Ergonomics Colleen Kragen OESD 114 Safety & Health Specialist
Definitio n According to the WA Department of Labor and Industries, “ergonomics is the science and practice of designing the job and workplace to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body. ” Essentially fitting the job to the worker.
Impact Poor Ergonomics Repetitive Use Musculoskele tal Disorders (MSDs)
Types of MSDs Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (wrists) Tendinitis (joints) Trigger Finger (index finger) Rotator Cuff (shoulder) General Muscle Strain Epicondylitis (tennis elbow) Low Back Injuries
Common Causes of MSDs Years of Hard Labor Posture Lack of Stretching Excess Body Weight Poor Moving Techniqu es Overreaching Lack of Regular Activity or Exercise
US Bureau of Labor Statistics MSD body part injury claims
Discomfort Burning Pain Swelling Numbness Change in Color Tingling Tightness MSD Symptoms
Reporting Symptoms It is important to get medical attention as soon as symptoms arise. Minor injuries can become more severe over time. . . … early treatment is often much more successful.
Reducing Repetition • Arrange work to avoid unnecessary motions • Let power tools and machinery do the work • Spread repetitive work out during the day • Take pauses to stretch • Change hands or motions frequently
Preventing MSDs ° Good Posture ° Stretching Exercises ° Increase Blood Flow ° Ergonomics Assessment ° Tools to Assist ° Proper Lifting
Good Posture • • Back straight Neck straight Knees not locked Arms and legs straight or bent at 90 degrees • Eyes level
Colleen Kragen [email protected] 114. or g Thank You 360 -515 -8225 https: //www. oesd 114. org/Page/423