BAKALE ANADOLU MAM HATP LSES NGLZCE RETMEN OUZHAN

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BAŞKALE ANADOLU İMAM HATİP LİSESİ İNGİLİZCE ÖĞRETMENİ OĞUZHAN ATİK SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Geniş Zaman

BAŞKALE ANADOLU İMAM HATİP LİSESİ İNGİLİZCE ÖĞRETMENİ OĞUZHAN ATİK SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Geniş Zaman 1

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE �Her zaman yaptığımız işler, alışkanlıklar ve genellemeleri ifade etmek için kullanırız.

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE �Her zaman yaptığımız işler, alışkanlıklar ve genellemeleri ifade etmek için kullanırız. He goes to school everyday. They go to school everyday. The teacher goes to school everyday. 2

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Olumlu cümle yapısında kullanılacak olan özne ‘I, you, we, they’ öznelerinden birisi

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Olumlu cümle yapısında kullanılacak olan özne ‘I, you, we, they’ öznelerinden birisi ise fiil yalın haliyle kullanılır. • I • You • We • They VERB I get up early every morning. You study math every night. They play football. 3

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Olumlu cümle yapısında kullanılacak olan özne ‘He, she, it ‘ öznelerinden birisi

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Olumlu cümle yapısında kullanılacak olan özne ‘He, she, it ‘ öznelerinden birisi ise fiile ‘ –s ‘ takısı eklenir. • He • She • It VERBs She gets up early every morning. He studies math every night. It snows every month in Başkale. 4

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Özne bu zamirlerin dışında bir özne ise tekillik ve çoğulluğa bakılır. Çoğul

AFFIRMATIVE FORM Özne bu zamirlerin dışında bir özne ise tekillik ve çoğulluğa bakılır. Çoğul öznelerden sonra fiil yalın haliyle kullanılır, tekil öznelerden sonra ise fiile ‘–s ‘ takısı getirilir. • My friends go to cinema every weekend. • The teacher tells the subject everyday. • My uncle comes to our house. • The workers work long hours everyday. • One of my students talks too much. • Marry always sings the same song. • Andy and Stephen read books every week. 5

Üçüncü tekil şahıslardan sonra gelen fiillere -s, -es yada -ies eklenir. Çoğu fiil -s

Üçüncü tekil şahıslardan sonra gelen fiillere -s, -es yada -ies eklenir. Çoğu fiil -s takısı alır. read-reads give-gives Fiil “-s, -sh, -ch, -x ve -o ’’ ile bitiyorsa; fiil -es takısı alır. pass – passes brush – brushes teach – teaches fix – fixes go – goes 6

Üçüncü tekil şahıstan sonra gelen fiil “-y” ile bitiyorsa ve bir önceki harfi sessiz

Üçüncü tekil şahıstan sonra gelen fiil “-y” ile bitiyorsa ve bir önceki harfi sessiz ise , “-y ” düşer ve –ies takısı eklenir. study – studies Fly - flies Sonu -y ile biten ve bir önceki harfi sesli olan fiiller sadece -s takısı alır. Play-plays Stay - stays have - has I have breakfast every morning. She has breakfast every morning. 7

EXERCISES 1. Mert …………………. TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes ……………….

EXERCISES 1. Mert …………………. TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes ………………. a book. (read ) 3. He ………………. . . swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people ……………. to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue …………. . together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 8

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes ……………….

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes ………………. a book. (read ) 3. He ………………. . . swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people ……………. to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue …………. . together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 9

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He ………………. . . swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people ……………. to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue …………. . together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 10

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people ……………. to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue …………. . together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 11

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue …………. . together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 12

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali …………. home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 13

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali comes home before me. ( come ) 7. She ……………. . a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 14

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali comes home before me. ( come ) 7. She has a good idea. ( have ) 8. I …………. . something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 15

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali comes home before me. ( come ) 7. She has a good idea. ( have ) 8. I eat something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We …………………. to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 16

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali comes home before me. ( come ) 7. She has a good idea. ( have ) 8. I eat something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We go to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You ………… with your mom. ( live ) 17

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read

EXERCISES 1. Mert watches TV every evening. ( watch ) 2. They sometimes read a book. (read ) 3. He likes swimming in the sea. ( like ) 4. The people walk to work. (walk ) 5. Sam and Sue play together. ( play ) 6. Ali comes home before me. ( come ) 7. She has a good idea. ( have ) 8. I eat something at lunch break. ( eat ) 9. We go to work by bus. ( go ) 10. You live with your mom. ( live ) 18

NEGATIVE FORM SUBJECT + DON’T + VERB + OBJECT I You We They don’t

NEGATIVE FORM SUBJECT + DON’T + VERB + OBJECT I You We They don’t ( do not ) drink tea. SUBJECT + DOESN’T + VERB + OBJECT He She It doesn’t ( does not ) drink tea. 19

Olumlu cümlelerde üçüncü tekil şahıslardan ( he/she/it ) sonra fiile gelen ‘ s ‘

Olumlu cümlelerde üçüncü tekil şahıslardan ( he/she/it ) sonra fiile gelen ‘ s ‘ takısı olumsuz cümlelerde getirilmez. She drinks coffee. She doesn’t drink tea. 20

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 21

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 22

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 23

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 24

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 25

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. I don’t read the newspaper everyday. 7. My brother likes the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 26

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. I don’t read the newspaper everyday. 7. My brother likes the cinema. My brother doesn’t like the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 27

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. I don’t read the newspaper everyday. 7. My brother likes the cinema. My brother doesn’t like the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. Brian doesn’t wear a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. 10. I drive to university. 28

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. I don’t read the newspaper everyday. 7. My brother likes the cinema. My brother doesn’t like the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. Brian doesn’t wear a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. John doesn’t live near us. 10. I drive to university. 29

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a

EXAMPLES 1. She has a bath every day. i. e "She doesn't have a bath every day. " 2. Lara plays the piano very well. Lara doesn’t play the piano very well. 3. We work very hard. We don’t work very hard. 4. He does the same thing every day. He doesn’t do the same thing every day. 5. They know my phone number. They don’t know my phone number. 6. I read the newspaper every day. . I don’t read the newspaper everyday. 7. My brother likes the cinema. My brother doesn’t like the cinema. 8. Brian wears a wedding ring. Brian doesn’t wear a wedding ring. 9. John lives near us. John doesn’t live near us. 10. I drive to university. I don’t drive to university. 30

QUESTION FORM YES/NO QUESTIONS DO + I / YOU / WE / THEY +

QUESTION FORM YES/NO QUESTIONS DO + I / YOU / WE / THEY + VERB + OBJECT ? • Do you clean the class everyday? Yes, I do / No, I don’t. • Do they sleep early? Yes, they do/ No, they don’t • Do we eat junk food ? Yes, we do / No, we don’t • Do I swim in the pool? Yes, I do / No, I don’t DOES + HE / SHE / IT + VERB + OBJECT ? • Does he play tennis after school? Yes, he does / No, he doesn’t • Does she cook well? Yes, she does / No, she doesn’t • Does it rain here? Yes, it does / No, it doesn’t 31

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. 2. I learn English

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. 2. I learn English with my friends. 3. You speak English very well. 4. You teach your cat tricks. 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 32

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. 3. You speak English very well. 4. You teach your cat tricks. 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 33

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. 4. You teach your cat tricks. 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 34

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 35

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 36

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 37

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 38

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. Does he go to gym everyday? 7. She loves to play piano. 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 39

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. Does he go to gym everyday? 7. She loves to play piano. Does she love to play piano? 8. She thinks about her future. 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 40

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. Does he go to gym everyday? 7. She loves to play piano. Does she love to play piano? 8. She thinks about her future Does she think about her future? 9. It rains here every day. 10. We generally sing songs all together. 41

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. Does he go to gym everyday? 7. She loves to play piano. Does she love to play piano? 8. She thinks about her future Does she think about her future? 9. It rains here every day. Does it rain here everyday ? 10. We generally sing songs all together. 42

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis

CONVERT TO QUESTION FORM 1. I play tennis every day. Do I play tennis everyday? 2. I learn English with my friends. Do I learn English with my friends? 3. You speak English very well. Do you speak English very well? 4. You teach your cat tricks. Do you teach your cat tricks? 5. He catches the bus every morning. Does he catch the bus every morning? 6. He goes to gym every day. Does he go to gym everyday? 7. She loves to play piano. Does she love to play piano? 8. She thinks about her future Does she think about her future? 9. It rains here every day. Does it rain here everyday ? 10. We generally sing songs all together. Do we generally sing songs all together? 43

QUESTION FORM WH- QUESTIONS What / Who / Where / When / How gibi

QUESTION FORM WH- QUESTIONS What / Who / Where / When / How gibi soru kelimeleriyle yapılan soru cümlelerine Wh- questions denir. When do you come to school? I come to school at 8 o’clock every morning. How does she go to work? She goes to work by bus. 44

QUESTION WORD + DO + (I/YOU/WE/THEY) + VERB? What do you do in your

QUESTION WORD + DO + (I/YOU/WE/THEY) + VERB? What do you do in your free time? I go to cinema and I listen to music. When do they play together? They play together in their free times. QUESTION WORD + DOES + (HE/SHE/IT) + VERB? What does she say about me? She doesn’t say anything. Where does he work after school? He works in a restaurant everyday. 45

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS 1. Which colour do you like? 2. Where do you live

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS 1. Which colour do you like? 2. Where do you live in? 3. When do you go to cinema? 4. What do you do in your free time? 5. Where does your deskmate live in? 46

TIME EXPRESSIONS ► always (her zaman) ► often (sık sık) ► usually (genellikle) ►

TIME EXPRESSIONS ► always (her zaman) ► often (sık sık) ► usually (genellikle) ► generally (genellikle) ► sometimes (bazen, ara sıra) ► rarely (nadiren) ► seldom (nadiren) ► hardly ever (hemen hiç) ► never (asla, hiç bir zaman) 47