- Slides: 15
AVOIDING PLAGIARISM English 12
What is plagiarism? ■ “An act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that author’s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the original author” (dictionary. com). ■ The opposite of plagiarism is called ACADEMIC INTEGRITY.
Why do people plagiarize? Brainstorm instances in which you have encountered or committed plagiarism. Categorize your answers into: ■ Intentional reasons ■ Unintentional reasons
What are the consequences of plagiarism? Brainstorm: ■ High school consequences ■ University consequences ■ Workplace consequences
SCENARIOS: WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?
Scenario 1 ■ You are working on an essay for a course, and by chance you are required to write on a topic that you have already written about. You dig up your old essay and find that sections of the old essay (certain sentences) are useful for your new essay. ■ What should you do? Is it OK to use the sentences from your old essay in your new essay (these sentences were written by you)?
Scenario 2 ■ You are doing a presentation on poet Walt Whitman. Your first slide is about his life and background info, and you have listed your cited websites at the end of your presentation. You choose to display the info thus: Poet: Walt Whitman Birthdate: May 31, 1819 Parents: Walter Whitman (house-builder) and Louisa Van Velsor Childhood: At the age of twelve, Whitman began to learn the printer’s trade and fell in love with the written word. Largely self-taught, he read voraciously, becoming acquainted with the works of Homer, Dante, Shakespeare, and the Bible. ■ Is this information OK to be displayed thus? Why or why not?
Scenario 3 ■ You have an analytical essay to write on Walt Whitman’s “Song of Myself” and you find a particularly nicely-worded sentence on Shmoop. com. It says: "Song of Myself" might be the most egotistical poem ever written: it's all about me, myself, and I. In the first line, American poet Walt Whitman kindly informs us that he is going to celebrate himself, and throughout 52 glorious sections, he does just that. It takes guts to write a long epic poem about yourself, and Whitman was nothing if not gutsy. ” ■ You decide to write the following in your essay: Whitman’s poem “Song of Myself” might be the most egotistical poem ever written. He informs us that he is going to celebrate himself, which takes guts, and Whitman was nothing if not gutsy. ■ Are the sentences you’ve written OK in terms of academic integrity? Why or why not?
Scenario 4 ■ You are assigned the task of translating a scene of Macbeth into modern English. The text you are assigned to translate is: When the hurly-burly’s done, When the battle’s lost and won. ■ You see the translation on No Fear Shakespeare. com: We’ll meet when the noise of the battle is over, when one side has won and the other side has lost. ■ You choose to write: We’ll meet when the battle’s noise is over, when one side has won and the opposing side has lost. ■ Is this acceptable? Why or why not?
Scenario 5 ■ You have included multiple images on your Powerpoint, all of them copied from the internet. You have not included the source of these images in your PPT. ■ Is this acceptable? Why or why not? What are the rules when it comes to using images?
AVOIDING UNINTENTIONAL PLAGIARISM: WHAT CAN YOU DO?
Get comfortable with MLA/APA citation (depending on the course). ■ https: //owl. purdue. edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_st yle/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_formatting_and _style_guide. html ■ https: //owl. purdue. edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_st yle/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format. html
When working in a group, check your other classmates’ work! ■ Generally, if one person plagiarizes something on a group assignment, EVERYONE GETS A PENALTY because there is no proof of who did what. ■ Do you really want to lose marks just because you were too lazy to help check over the work that you are also receiving a grade for?
Stop copying/pasting text from resources. ■ When you find a good source of information, read the whole thing first. ■ Jot down what you remembered from what you just read, or what you found important. ■ Go back and check the resource for details you might have missed, and make any necessary corrections or additions. ■ If more than 3 words in a row are the same between your work and the source, STOP!!! DELETE. Try again.
When in doubt, check with your teacher! ■ Don’t depend on your classmates to know about whether or not something is considered plagiarism!