ATTITUDE IS EVERYTHING A BAD ATTITUDE IS LIKE

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ATTITUDE IS EVERYTHING “A BAD ATTITUDE IS LIKE A FLAT TIRE, YOU CAN’T GET

ATTITUDE IS EVERYTHING “A BAD ATTITUDE IS LIKE A FLAT TIRE, YOU CAN’T GET TOO FAR UNTIL YOU CHANGE IT. ”

Pyodermas PYODERMA Definition: Bacterial infection of skin, superficial or deep; Primary or secondary Pyoderma

Pyodermas PYODERMA Definition: Bacterial infection of skin, superficial or deep; Primary or secondary Pyoderma occurs when: skin surface broken skin macerated(thin, soft) by chronic exposure to moisture Normal bacteria altered Circulation impaired Immunocompetence impaired (aka immunosuppressed) Superficial pyoderma- Lesion usually involve superficial epidermis and heals w/o scarring, short duration Dogs - Staph intermedius Cats – Pasteurella multocida Common locations: the trunk

Pyoderma Deep pyodermas – gram-negative organisms (E. coli, proteus sp, pseudomonas sp) Common locations:

Pyoderma Deep pyodermas – gram-negative organisms (E. coli, proteus sp, pseudomonas sp) Common locations: chin, nose, pressure points, feet, generalized, skin folds Risk factors Allergies Fungal infections Endocrine diseases Immune system incompetence Seborrhea Conformation – ex: skin folds Trauma

Pyoderma Physical Exam may show: papules pustules crusts epidermal collarettes circular erythematous or hyperpigmented

Pyoderma Physical Exam may show: papules pustules crusts epidermal collarettes circular erythematous or hyperpigmented spots alopecia scaling lichenification abscess, cellulitis, etc. .

PYODERMA ERYTHEMA, PUSTULES

PYODERMA ERYTHEMA, PUSTULES

Pyoderma EPIDERMAL COLLARETTES

Pyoderma EPIDERMAL COLLARETTES

Deep Pyoderma

Deep Pyoderma

DEEP PYODERMA

DEEP PYODERMA

Deep Pyodermas More difficult to treat than Superficial Pyodermas Often chronic Patients are often

Deep Pyodermas More difficult to treat than Superficial Pyodermas Often chronic Patients are often resistant to treatment or immunosuppressed Frequently involves Staph intermedius, Proteus, Pseudomonas, e. Coli Clinical Signs Papules and pustules, +/- fever Draining fistulas

Deep Pyodermas Dx: clinical signs Tx: Thorough cleaning Systemic Antibioics (clavamox, baytril, cephalexin) Client

Deep Pyodermas Dx: clinical signs Tx: Thorough cleaning Systemic Antibioics (clavamox, baytril, cephalexin) Client Info Causative organism often drug resistant Treatment may be prolonged and expensive in large breed dogs Some animals will never fully recovery

CASE #11

CASE #11

Superficial Pyoderma: “Hot spot”

Superficial Pyoderma: “Hot spot”

Superficial Pyoderma: “Hot Spot”

Superficial Pyoderma: “Hot Spot”

Superfical Pyodermas Acute Moist Dermatitis, Superficial pyotraumatic dermatitis (“Hot Spots”) Clinical Signs: red, moist,

Superfical Pyodermas Acute Moist Dermatitis, Superficial pyotraumatic dermatitis (“Hot Spots”) Clinical Signs: red, moist, painful areas, oozing Common in thick coated dogs (Labs, Newfoundlands, Ger. Shepherds, Chows) Usually in hot moist summer months Hair loss, very pruritic Develops very fast

Superficial Pyodermas Dx: visual inspection of affected area TX Clip hair around lesion until

Superficial Pyodermas Dx: visual inspection of affected area TX Clip hair around lesion until skin normal Cleanse skin with medicated shampoo Topical Antibiotics/steroid creams or sprays (ex: Betagen Spray) Treat original disease (fleas, allergies) Systemic steroids, Antibiotics Client Info Gentle cleansing BID Owner should wash hands after treatment E-collar may be necessary

CASE #12

CASE #12

Superficial Pyodermas Impetigo (aka superficial pustular dermatitis) Signalment: young dogs secondary to malnourishment and

Superficial Pyodermas Impetigo (aka superficial pustular dermatitis) Signalment: young dogs secondary to malnourishment and poor hygiene Strep and Staph occasionally cultured from lesions Clinical Signs: non-pruritic, non-painful pustules and papules on abdomen Diagnosis: Physical signs Treatment: Systemic Antibiotics, medicated shampoo Client Info: Not contagious, usually clears by 6 months

WE ARE ALL CONNECTED “I AM, BECAUSE WE ARE. ”

WE ARE ALL CONNECTED “I AM, BECAUSE WE ARE. ”

CASE #13

CASE #13

Skin Fold Pyoderma (aka Intertrigo) Occurs in breeds with abundant skin Facial folds, vulvar

Skin Fold Pyoderma (aka Intertrigo) Occurs in breeds with abundant skin Facial folds, vulvar folds, tail folds Spaniels, Bulldogs, Pekingese, Pugs, Bostons, obese dogs Folds trap moisture, heat and bacteria Usually chronic Dx: Affected area moist, red, ulcerated

Skin Fold Pyoderma Treatment: Relieve symptoms by cleaning and drying lesion Sx reduction of

Skin Fold Pyoderma Treatment: Relieve symptoms by cleaning and drying lesion Sx reduction of skin fold may be only permanent solution Weight loss in obese patients Antibiotics, chlorhexidine-containing pledgets Antibacterial and/or benzoyl peroxide shampoos Client Info Require long term medical management Keep area dry and clean Keep hair/folds away from eyes

Skin Fold Pyoderma – Vaginal Folds

Skin Fold Pyoderma – Vaginal Folds

Skin Fold Pyoderma – Lip Folds

Skin Fold Pyoderma – Lip Folds

CASE #14

CASE #14

Acne Common in young short-haired dog breeds and cats can be chronic Clinical Signs:

Acne Common in young short-haired dog breeds and cats can be chronic Clinical Signs: Chin swollen and painful to touch, dark spots => black heads (comedones) Dx: Appearance, r/o bite wounds, abscesses

ACNE Rx: clip hair on chin clean daily with human acne product (helps with

ACNE Rx: clip hair on chin clean daily with human acne product (helps with follicular flushing) systemic antibiotics Topical Mupirocin ointment or cream Client Info: May become chronic Daily cleaning of chin Use only ceramic or stainless steel bowls – NO PLASTIC