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Athens vs. Sparta THIS IS SPARTAAAAAA!!!!! and Athens.
Polis was a city and thesurrounding . countryside Agora-the center of the city. Acropolis- fortified hilltop for citizens to conduct business http: //acropolis-virtualtour. gr/
• Greek cities promoted civic & commercial life. • Citizens (free adult males) had political rights & the responsibility of civic participation in government • Women, foreigners, & slaves had no political rights Men, Women, & Slaves all had clearly defined roles in Greek society. Citizenship in the Greek Polis
Slaves in Greece Society • Society was divided into free & enslaved populations • People became slaves by being: -Captured as prisoners of war -Born to enslaved parents -By failing to repay their loans or debts -Enslaved people did not have power, political rights, or status • Most families owned slaves as households as servants or laborers
Essential Questions How did Athens democracy develop in Athens? How did Sparta differ from Athens?
• Stages in the evolution of Athens government: -Monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, democracy Tyrants who worked for reform: -Draco (allowed debt slavery ) & Solon (humane law code & furthered democratic representation) Origin of democratic principles: -Direct democracy, public debate, & duties of the citizen Athens Gov.
-Oligarchy (rule by a small group) -Militaristic & aggressive -Isolated from other city-states Sparta Gov.
The Main Ideas Democracy in Athens came about through a series reforms and repeated confrontations between the rich and the poor M-A-T-D Sparta differed from Athens in terms of its view on government
Sparta Government • Oligarchy (Few Leaders lead people) • 2 Kings & 28 council of elders created laws • Assembly of male citizens voted on laws • Five elected magistrates carried out laws • • • Athens Government Only free men Women did not vote Assembly had a lot of men that proposed laws • Democracy (people lead people) • All land owning male citizens take part • Council of 500 men over age of 30 • Deal with day to day issues • Assembly debates issues • M-A-T-D What they had in common!
Education in Sparta • Boys & girls were trained to fight • Men and the Education in Athens • Boys were educated and received military training -They also learned reading, writing, math, literature, sports, and music • were educated lived away from home most of time The arts were not a priority, but sport was an emphasize.
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