Athens Vs Sparta Athens and Sparta were probably

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Athens Vs Sparta

Athens Vs Sparta

Athens and Sparta were probably the two most famous and powerful city states in

Athens and Sparta were probably the two most famous and powerful city states in Ancient Greece. However, they were both very different.

Athens vs Sparta • Athens’ Government ruled as a democracy. They were the 1

Athens vs Sparta • Athens’ Government ruled as a democracy. They were the 1 st to ever do this. – Council of 500: • Met everyday • Debated laws and business • Chosen from a drawing and served one year. -Assembly: • 6, 000 had to be in attendance • Met every 10 days • Voted on laws : yes / no

Athens vs Sparta • Sparta’s Government: – Oligarchy: • • 2 kings inherited power

Athens vs Sparta • Sparta’s Government: – Oligarchy: • • 2 kings inherited power 28 council of Elders-elected Assembly was made up of male citizens Very little power was given to the assembly

Athens vs Sparta • Athens is built below the acropolis which stands on a

Athens vs Sparta • Athens is built below the acropolis which stands on a hill above all of Athens. • Sparta is surrounded by mountains, which makes it difficult for it to be invaded.

ATHENS-Economy • Traded with other civilizations or city-states – Imported: • Coins • Italy:

ATHENS-Economy • Traded with other civilizations or city-states – Imported: • Coins • Italy: wood • Egypt: grain • -Exported: honey, olive oil, silver, pottery

Sparta- Economy Relied on Farming Conquered others to get other supplies they needed Discouraged

Sparta- Economy Relied on Farming Conquered others to get other supplies they needed Discouraged Trade: * didn’t want new ideas to weaken gov. * didn’t have coins- used iron bars

Athens- Education Good citizens was most important=purpose of education! Boys: • Up to 6

Athens- Education Good citizens was most important=purpose of education! Boys: • Up to 6 - taught at home- mother or slave tutor • 6 -7 – school-reading, writing, math, literature • 18 – military school/after went to private schools to learn to debate and public speaking

ATHENS • Girls were not regarded as important by the Athenians. • Girls could

ATHENS • Girls were not regarded as important by the Athenians. • Girls could be taught at home. (if they had rich parents) • Girls were not allowed to take part in anything to do with war, business or education. • Had to be escorted • Few rights • Not citizens

Athens- slaves • Trained as: – Craftsmen – Farmers – Silver mines – Tutors

Athens- slaves • Trained as: – Craftsmen – Farmers – Silver mines – Tutors in the rich homes

Sparta-Education Boys: Age 7 – went to military school for training for army Healthy

Sparta-Education Boys: Age 7 – went to military school for training for army Healthy and strength most important. Unhealthy babies left to die At age 20, given a test of strength and leadership- if passed became a citizen

SPARTA- women/slaves • Girls in Sparta were to grow up to be the mothers

SPARTA- women/slaves • Girls in Sparta were to grow up to be the mothers of warriors. • Although they were not allowed to fight, girls took part in all the training because fit ladies produced fit babies, who would fight! • Slaves: treated harshly • Could buy their freedom and marry or sell land

Athens v Sparta • Athens and Sparta had very different ways of living their

Athens v Sparta • Athens and Sparta had very different ways of living their lives. • Athens wanted to control as much land as possible and this led to much war between Greek lands. Powerful navy • Sparta, although more powerful kept itself to itself unless their army was needed. Powerful Army