- Slides: 11
Asian Imperialism Mr. Meester AP European History
Imperialism in India Under British Rule • • • n European Trade with Indian disunity. European trading companies British Rule of India • Mogul empire is weakened by rebellion. • Britain drives France out of India n British/French conflict in India grew out of power struggles in Europe • War of the Austrian Succession (1740 -1748) - France is prominent in India • Seven Years War (1756 -1763) - Treaty of Paris France accepts British control of India
India Within the Empire n Technological changes • best road system in Asia and largest network of railroads • postal service, India and Britain linked by telegraph • technology helped to unify India • technology hurt India economically - British imports drove many out of business n Sources of nationalism • • • education racial discrimination lack of self government
Problems in India n British government • Did not make an attempt to understand Indian customs. • Real mission was to gain power and wealth n n The Sepoy Rebellion Taking full control • Parliament closed East India Co. and annexed its Indian lands. • Governor-general replace by a viceroy. • Important decisions about India are made by the British.
Imperialism in China's Foreign trade • European trade limited by strict rules n The Opium Wars • Ended with the Treaty of Nanjing (1842) • Chinese no longer made the trade rules, Westerners did • Britain has the right to trade in five "treaty ports" n China's Internal Problems • The Taiping Rebellion • Threats from Western powers n Europeans carve out spheres of influence in China
China’s Reforms n Attempts at Reform • Self-strengthening • China attempts to modernize and reform n China's weakness clear after defeat in Sino -Japanese War (1894 -1895)(Sino is a prefix meaning Chinese) • The hundred days of reform • Demands from foreigners n The Boxer Rebellion • The last days of the Qing Dynasty
The Nationalist Revolution n Sun Yat-sen (Sun Yixian) • Three Principles of the People n n nationalism and a strong central government democracy economic security for all Chinese After the fall of the monarchy Yat-sen will be elected the first President of China.
Imperialism in Southeast Asia n Great Britain, France, and the Dutch were the most active imperial powers • Britain - India, Burma, Malaya • France - Indochina (Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia today) • Holland – Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)
The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire