Arts Measuring the impact of the cultural dimension

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Arts Measuring the impact of the cultural dimension in international development Dr Vicki-Ann Ware,

Arts Measuring the impact of the cultural dimension in international development Dr Vicki-Ann Ware, School of Music – Conservatorium, Monash University Kim Dunphy, Deakin University 3 -4 May 2012

Setting the scene Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May

Setting the scene Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 2

Today: measuring the impact of the cultural activities in ID § Focus on measuring

Today: measuring the impact of the cultural activities in ID § Focus on measuring the impact of the arts in ID § Why are we interested in this? § Caveats: – Arts ≠ culture; one subset – Work in progress feedback welcome! Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 3

Outline of presentation § Description of initial project leading to this exploration of measurement

Outline of presentation § Description of initial project leading to this exploration of measurement § Case studies § Some possible explanations § Thoughts going forward Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 4

Systematic review Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012

Systematic review Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 5

Systematic review § Methods § Progress to date – – – – Identified 214

Systematic review § Methods § Progress to date – – – – Identified 214 articles thus far 24 evaluations 37 alternative research/critique 80 case studies 26 policy documents 25 practice/process issues ~ 40 articles analysed thus far § Discovery: measurement issues Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 6

Case studies Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012

Case studies Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 7

Case study (1) Braden, S. and M. Mayo (1999). "Culture, community development and representation.

Case study (1) Braden, S. and M. Mayo (1999). "Culture, community development and representation. " Community Development Journal 34(3): 191 -204. § Clear theory of change § Project designed, based upon the evidence underpinning this theory of change § Case study clearly describes population involved, process and outcomes effective, rigorous § However: – No tool for measuring extent of effectiveness. – Not experimental design. . . yet. . Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 8

Case study (2) Nogueira, M. P. (2006). "Reflections on the impact of a long

Case study (2) Nogueira, M. P. (2006). "Reflections on the impact of a long term theatre for community development project in Southern Brazil. " Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance 11(2): 219 -234. § This study: two projects, two approaches in one location § Research question: what are the benefits of long-term theatre practice in this community? § Approach one: cultural renewal (based on Krugli and Dasté) § Approach two: Theatre for Development, based on Freire and Boal § Data collected through interviews § A range of challenges and positive changes documented. § Voice of community privileged in assessing research question. Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 9

Case study (3) § Assertions with no evidence § No critical reflection on artistic

Case study (3) § Assertions with no evidence § No critical reflection on artistic practices or outcomes Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 10

Some possible explanations Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May

Some possible explanations Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 11

Why don’t artists measure the impacts of their work? § Resourcing § Training §

Why don’t artists measure the impacts of their work? § Resourcing § Training § Worldview § Issues with research methodologies Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 12

Are research methods part of the problem? § Community arts is about process at

Are research methods part of the problem? § Community arts is about process at least as much as product need methods which explore processes more than products § Community arts do not start with a hypothesis to be (dis)proved Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 13

Why is this important? § Purpose of measurement § Building profile and developing integral

Why is this important? § Purpose of measurement § Building profile and developing integral place for arts in ID § Improving resourcing for arts in ID Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 14

Conclusions Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 15

Conclusions Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 15

Final thoughts § We know intuitively that the arts can be powerful, but the

Final thoughts § We know intuitively that the arts can be powerful, but the evidence is weak. § Values alignment. . § This evidence needs to be strengthened. . Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 16

Any comments or questions? Contact details: § Vicki-Ann Ware: vicki-ann. ware@monash. edu Measuring the

Any comments or questions? Contact details: § Vicki-Ann Ware: vicki-ann. [email protected] edu Measuring the impact of the arts in ID 3 rd May 2012 17