Articles Let’s talk about Articles?
What are articles? The articles in English are the (definite article), a and an (indefinite articles). - Articles define a noun as specific or non-specific. The United States of America. A teacher. (not a specific teacher) An intelligent student. (any intelligent student)
Indefinite Articles – A / AN INDEFINITE ARTICLE: A/ A BOOK A PENCIL A RULER A + CONSONANT AN (singular nouns) AN UMBRELLA AN APPLE AN ICE-CREAM SOUND AN + VOWEL SOUND We use A/ AN when: - we talk about something new: She’s wearing a nice dress.
Indefinite Articles – A / AN - we say what something is or what job someone does: This is a test. She is a school director. - we describe something: It’s a lovely day! - we don’t specify the person or thing we are referring to: I met a boy.
Definite Article - THE DEFINITE ARTICLE: THE (singular/ plural nouns) THE UNITED STATES THE SUN – THE EARTH THE PRESIDENT OF BRAZIL We use THE when: - we are talking about something for the second time: I bought a dress and a skirt. The dress was very expensive.
Definite Article - THE - there is only one of a kind: Brasilia is the capital of Brazil. - it is clear what we are talking about from the situation: Pass me the salt, please. - expressions: play the piano go to the doctor go to the cinema in the south.
Definite Article - THE - With names of areas or districts, except for those which end with the name of a continent or country: The south of Spain The Middle East But “Central Europe” and “North America”
Definite Article - THE - With names of countries which include words like “republic”, “union”, kingdom”, “states”: The United Kingdom The Republic of Ireland The United Arab Emirates The United States The Soviet Union - With names of countries which are plural. The Netherlands The Philippines
Definite Article - THE - With island groups: The Bahamas The British Isles But Easter Island (only one, not a group of islands) - With names of mountains, rivers, oceans, seas, canals, deserts, forests. The Atlantic (ocean) - The Mediterranean (sea) - The Nile (river) - The Suez (canal) - The Sahara (desert) - The Alps (mountains)
Zero Article We don’t use a/an or the: (zero article) - With names of lakes: Lake Tahoe Lake Eyre - With names of individual mountains: Mount Everest Mount Etna - With abstract nouns: Happiness Sadness - With plural nouns when we speak of them in general: Birds have wings
Zero Article We don’t use a/an or the: (zero article) - When we talk about institutions in general At school – in prision – in hospital - When we talk about meals Breakfast – Lunch - With “bed”, “work” and “home” Go to bed – Come home – Start work - With countries, cities and states Spain – New York – Texas – Rio de Janeiro.
Credits Teacher Wagner Junior Articles Grammar