APA CITATION BASICS Jennifer Freer jennifer freerrit edu

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APA CITATION BASICS Jennifer Freer jennifer. freer@rit. edu

APA CITATION BASICS Jennifer Freer jennifer. [email protected] edu

WHO AM I? Jennifer Freer Library Liaison to the Saunders College of Business

WHO AM I? Jennifer Freer Library Liaison to the Saunders College of Business

THE WHOLE TEAM CAN HELP! Online Reference Desk http: //library. rit. edu/help

THE WHOLE TEAM CAN HELP! Online Reference Desk http: //library. rit. edu/help

WHY PAY ATTENTION TO CITATION? Helps you avoid plagiarizing!

WHY PAY ATTENTION TO CITATION? Helps you avoid plagiarizing!

WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? “Plagiarism is the representation of other people’s ideas as one’s own

WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? “Plagiarism is the representation of other people’s ideas as one’s own without giving proper credit to the original author or authors. ”* Plagiarism is theft. * RIT Student Rights and Responsibilities: A Handbook of Policies and Procedures 2008 -2009 p. 43

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 1/6 If a citation style is mandated, following

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 1/6 If a citation style is mandated, following the style rules demonstrates to your professor that you are paying attention and following class guidelines.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 2/6 If no citation style is mandated by

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 2/6 If no citation style is mandated by the professor, communicating with him or her about the citation expectations for the class demonstrates initiative and interest in wanting to produce a quality project.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 3/6 The presence of citations in your paper

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 3/6 The presence of citations in your paper demonstrates that you put time into researching, organizing, writing and editing your paper.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 4/6 Proper and thorough citations are an indication

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 4/6 Proper and thorough citations are an indication of a responsible scholar. It is a demonstration of positive work ethic.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 5/6 Proper citation with APA provides you with

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 5/6 Proper citation with APA provides you with an easy way to highlight your original thoughts.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 6/6 Proper citation with APA helps you create

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 6/6 Proper citation with APA helps you create an organized and clean-looking paper. The look of a research paper and the attention to detail will influence the reader’s perception of the paper as a whole.

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 6/6 Sloppy citations, along with misspelled words and

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO CITE 6/6 Sloppy citations, along with misspelled words and poor grammar, can be perceived as indicators of weak & disorganized thinking.

WHAT GETS CITED? In your paper cite all information that is not your own

WHAT GETS CITED? In your paper cite all information that is not your own – this includes direct quotations, paraphrases and summaries.

WHAT DOES CITATION LOOK LIKE? The look and structure of in-text citations and full

WHAT DOES CITATION LOOK LIKE? The look and structure of in-text citations and full citations in the References list are dictated by the style that is assigned by your professor or in some cases professors let you choose the style you want to work with.

APA CITATION STYLE MANUAL APA Citation Guide Online http: //library. rit. edu/pubs/guides/apa 6. pdf

APA CITATION STYLE MANUAL APA Citation Guide Online http: //library. rit. edu/pubs/guides/apa 6. pdf

TWO MAIN ELEMENTS OF CITATION In-text citation for ideas and information found in the

TWO MAIN ELEMENTS OF CITATION In-text citation for ideas and information found in the body of your paper Works Cited list or References at the end of the paper for all of the works your refer to in the paper

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! The following slides show examples of in-text citation and the related

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! The following slides show examples of in-text citation and the related Reference item at the end of your paper. This is how you tell your reader information came from an outside source and is not your original thought.

CITING A PARAPHRASE OR SUMMARY! If you paraphrase ideas or information from a source

CITING A PARAPHRASE OR SUMMARY! If you paraphrase ideas or information from a source cite it using an in-text citation. The in-text citation in the body of the paper. The corresponding citation in the References list at the end of the paper.

CITING A PARAPHRASE OR SUMMARY! If you paraphrase ideas or information from a source

CITING A PARAPHRASE OR SUMMARY! If you paraphrase ideas or information from a source cite it using an in-text citation. The in-text citation in the body of the paper. The corresponding citation in the References list at the end of the paper.

CITE DIRECT QUOTATIONS! If you take a direct quotation, cite it. The in-text citation

CITE DIRECT QUOTATIONS! If you take a direct quotation, cite it. The in-text citation in the body of the paper. The corresponding citation in the References list at the end of the paper.

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Can you justify using the quote or are you just

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Can you justify using the quote or are you just being lazy? Are you just adding it as filler to make the paper longer?

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Is there something about the structure of the quote that

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Is there something about the structure of the quote that makes the quote unique? Is there something about the author’s choice of words? “Whether you think you can or whether you think you can’t – you’re right!” – Henry Ford

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Don’t just stick a quote in your paper! Make sure

ADVICE ON DIRECT QUOTATIONS Don’t just stick a quote in your paper! Make sure you offer analysis, explanation or argument about the contents of the quote.

DIRECT QUOTATIONS IN APA Quotations under 40 words must be in quotation marks and

DIRECT QUOTATIONS IN APA Quotations under 40 words must be in quotation marks and the in-text citation must have a page number or paragraph number if the source was found on the web and has no page numbers.

DIRECT QUOTATIONS IN APA If a quotation is longer than 40 words, create a

DIRECT QUOTATIONS IN APA If a quotation is longer than 40 words, create a separate block of text, without quotation marks, and indent the block half an inch from the left margin, followed by an in-text citation.

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! REFERENCES LIST

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! REFERENCES LIST

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! REFERENCES LIST Cite and document all your sources in your References

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! REFERENCES LIST Cite and document all your sources in your References or Works Cited page at the end of the paper.

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! CITATION STRUCTURE Author Initials only for first name and middle name

LET’S GET TECHNICAL! CITATION STRUCTURE Author Initials only for first name and middle name Publication Date Article Title Journal Name DOI or digital object identifier Volume Issue Page Numbers

CITATION SUPPORT RIT librarians are trained to assist with the major bibliographic citation styles.

CITATION SUPPORT RIT librarians are trained to assist with the major bibliographic citation styles. Assistance available at Reference Desk or contact me at jennifer. [email protected] edu

Links to the citation guides and tools are on the library home page.

Links to the citation guides and tools are on the library home page.

ELECTRONIC CITATION TOOLS Keep in mind that electronic citation tools are not short-cuts, they

ELECTRONIC CITATION TOOLS Keep in mind that electronic citation tools are not short-cuts, they are systems you have to learn so that you can manage large amounts of citations. You need to understand citation styles so you know if the tools are producing correct bibliographies. Online citation tools available: http: //library. rit. edu/guides/citing-sources/online-citation-management-tools. html

THE END Get citing! Start early! Ask for help if it is confusing!

THE END Get citing! Start early! Ask for help if it is confusing!