ANTHOLOGY B SHORT STORIES SIGNIFICANT CIGARETTES ROSE TREMAIN

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ANTHOLOGY B SHORT STORIES SIGNIFICANT CIGARETTES: ROSE TREMAIN jonathan Peel JLS 2017

ANTHOLOGY B SHORT STORIES SIGNIFICANT CIGARETTES: ROSE TREMAIN jonathan Peel JLS 2017

GENRE • NOT A SHORT STORY • AN EXTRACT FROM A NOVEL (THE ROAD

GENRE • NOT A SHORT STORY • AN EXTRACT FROM A NOVEL (THE ROAD HOME) • WHAT DIFFERENCES MIGHT WE BE LOOKING FOR IN TERMS OF STRUCTURE AND NARRATIVE IN AN EXTRACT AS OPPOSED TO A COMPLETE SHORT STORY? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

STIMULI • WHAT KIND OF SITUATIONS CAUSE PEOPLE TO LEAVE THEIR COUNTRIES TO SEEK

STIMULI • WHAT KIND OF SITUATIONS CAUSE PEOPLE TO LEAVE THEIR COUNTRIES TO SEEK A NEW LIFE IN A FOREIGN ENVIRONMENT? • HOW WOULD YOU HOPE TO BE RECEIVED IN THIS SITUATION? • WHAT WOULD BE YOUR BIGGEST FEARS? • IF YOU HAVE EVER SPENT TIME IN A FOREIGN ENVIRONMENT, ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU DID NOT SPEAK THE LANGUAGE, HOW DID YOU FEEL? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

SCASI AS AN APPROACH • SETTING • CHARACTERS • ACTION • STYLE • IDEAS

SCASI AS AN APPROACH • SETTING • CHARACTERS • ACTION • STYLE • IDEAS jonathan Peel JLS 2017

SETTING • LOCUS: • WHERE IS THIS PASSAGE SET (PHYSICALLY)? • WHAT IMPLICATIONS ARE

SETTING • LOCUS: • WHERE IS THIS PASSAGE SET (PHYSICALLY)? • WHAT IMPLICATIONS ARE THERE BECAUSE OF THIS SETTING? • CAN YOU FIND ANY MOMENTS IN THE TEXT WHICH SUGGEST THAT CHARACTERS FEEL TRAPPED IN THIS SETTING? • CAN YOU FIND LANGUAGE HINTING AT MOMENTS OF BEAUTY OR HOPE IN THE LANDSCAPE OF THEIR JOURNEY? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

CHARACTERS • LEV AND LYDIA • WHY DOES IT TAKE SO LONG FOR THEM

CHARACTERS • LEV AND LYDIA • WHY DOES IT TAKE SO LONG FOR THEM TO REVEAL THEIR NAMES? • THINKING ABOUT CHARACTERS: (FIND AS MANY AS YOU CAN) What troubles Lev? Evidence Leaving home ‘staring out at the land he was leaving’ What is Lev Hoping for? Evidence jonathan Peel JLS 2017

CHARACTER: WHAT CAN YOU ADD? Lydia Feels trapped ‘I began to imagine I would

CHARACTER: WHAT CAN YOU ADD? Lydia Feels trapped ‘I began to imagine I would die seeing these things. I didn’t want this’ jonathan Peel JLS 2017 teacher Knows more than Lev Language and literature cultured Initiates speech confident Apologetic, not using imperatives

LEV: WHAT ELSE? Travelling because of sadness Trapped and uncomfortable ‘then they would be

LEV: WHAT ELSE? Travelling because of sadness Trapped and uncomfortable ‘then they would be herded back onto the coach jonathan Peel JLS 2017 desperate ‘the long agony of it’ Nicotine addict is trapped ‘He had to distract himself with something’ Marina has died ‘If only we were storks…’ ‘when his wife… was dying…’ ll 44 ff Needs money to support a 5 year old daughter He’d found no work at all

ACTION • WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENS? • HOW DOES TREMAIN GIVE THE SENSE OF THE

ACTION • WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENS? • HOW DOES TREMAIN GIVE THE SENSE OF THE JOURNEY TAKING PLACE? • FIND THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE EXTRACT. Time passes jonathan Peel JLS 2017 Topic sentence to indicate this

ACTION • LEV REMEMBERS • LEV AND LYDIA TALK • LEV RUMINATES ON HIS

ACTION • LEV REMEMBERS • LEV AND LYDIA TALK • LEV RUMINATES ON HIS POSSIBLE FUTURE • WE NEED TO LOOK AT EACH SECTION AND FOCUS ON THE LANGUAGE USED TO TELL BOTH THE BACK STORY AND TO HELP US TO UNDERSTAND THE CHARACTERS. jonathan Peel JLS 2017

LEV’S FEARS AND MEMORIES 1 • LL 14 -37: CAN YOU FIND EVIDENCE TO

LEV’S FEARS AND MEMORIES 1 • LL 14 -37: CAN YOU FIND EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE IDEA THAT LEV IS LONELY AND POSSIBLY NOT READY FOR A CLOSE RELATIONSHIP? • WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THE SIMILE ON L 18? • HOW IS PATHETIC FALLACY USED TO HEIGHTEN THE SENSE OF PESSIMISM IN HIS PREDICTION FOR HIS FUTURE? • CAN YOU FIND OTHER EXAMPLES OF HIS PESSIMISM? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

DIALOGUE • WHO IS THE FIRST SPEAKER IN DIRECT SPEECH AND WHAT DO THEY

DIALOGUE • WHO IS THE FIRST SPEAKER IN DIRECT SPEECH AND WHAT DO THEY SAY? WHAT DOES TREMAIN SUGGEST ABOUT THEIR CHARACTER BY HER CHOICE OF LANGUAGE? • TO WHOM DOES LEV FIRST SPEAK IN DIRECT SPEECH: WHY DO YOU THINK THIS IS? WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THIS ELEMENT OF BACKSTORY BEING TOLD IN THIS WAY? • BETWEEN LEV AND LYDIA, WHO: • INITIATES THE LONGER CONVERSATION – WHY? • WHO DOMINATES THE EXCHANGE? • WHO IS SEEKING HELP AND WHO PROVIDES IT? • WHAT DO YOU NOTICE ABOUT THE SENTENCE LENGTHS? • WHO SPEAKS LAST AND WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF THEIR FINAL STATEMENT? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

FRETFUL • LL 117 -128 • THE SENTENCES BECOME FRACTURED AND SHORT IN THIS

FRETFUL • LL 117 -128 • THE SENTENCES BECOME FRACTURED AND SHORT IN THIS SECTION. HOW DOES THIS REALTE TO LEV’S STATE OF MIND? • CAN YOU FIND EXAMPLES OF HEIGHTENED LANGUAGE SUGGESTING HIS MENTAL STATE? • HOW IS THE RHETORICAL QUESTION USED IN THIS SECTION? • ON 129 LYDIA IS ‘IMMERSED IN HER ENGLISH BOOK’ HOW DOES THIS EMPHASISE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TWO CHARACTERS? jonathan Peel JLS 2017

IDEAS • THEMES TO PURSUE: • ALIENATION AND LONELINESS • NEVER-ENDING TRAVEL • DESPERATION

IDEAS • THEMES TO PURSUE: • ALIENATION AND LONELINESS • NEVER-ENDING TRAVEL • DESPERATION • ENGLAND THE ENGLISH- LEV VIEWS ENGLAND AS HIS ‘HOPE’. WHAT SIGNIFICANCE CAN BE FOUND IN HIS READING OF THE £ 20 NOTE? WHO IS THE MOUSTACHIOED GENTLEMAN DEPICTED AND WHAT SORT OF ENGLISHNESS DOES HE REPRESENT? jonathan Peel JLS 2017